Yellow Wallpaper By Gilman For John Modern day feminists enjoy looking into the past to find examples of female oppression. This tactic is employed in the hopes of demonstrating that oppression of their sex by the evil male populous has been going on for decades. One such work that is cited by feminists to showcase just how terrible women were treated in the first part of the twentieth century is Charlotte Perkins Gilmans The Yellow Wallpaper.
Feminists are quick to point out that the main character in this story is driven down the path of insanity by her uncaring husband. It is of their opinion that John, the main characters husband, consistently neglects her by keeping her locked away upstairs.Other feminists argue that the main character was not actually insane, rather, she was pushed into a temporary state of delirium as a result of the state of confinement that her husband subjected her to. These same feminists will say that Johns consistent misdiagnosis of his wifes condition smacks of incompetence.
It is their theory that if the main character were a man during this same period of time, doctors would have treated the condition differently. In other words, men were not diagnosed with hysteria and bedridden for three months when they became depressed. As mentioned before, this is what some modern day feminists think.This is in stark contrast to the interpretation by us modern day realists. John was a good husband that cared deeply about his wifes condition. He is described at the beginning of the story as being a physician in high standing (The Norton Anthology, p.
658). This description alone offers deep insight into what kind of treatment his wife was receiving.It is hard to imagine that any woman who is married to an extremely prominent doctor is going to receive anything less than highest quality of treatment available. Johns love for his wife is further exemplified by him obtaining a nanny to watch over the baby until she recovers.
He wanted her full, complete recovery to come about in an expedited manner. He obviously was aware of the strain caring for a baby puts upon a lady. Oppressive husbands are more akin to piling all of the burdens of child rearing and house maintenance upon their wives.Here, we have just the opposite. John did everything within his power to relieve the everyday stresses of his beloved wife by acquiring the services of a nanny.
His wife was cognizant of this fact, for she plainly states the John loves her dearly, and hates to have her sick (The Norton Anthology, p. 662). The next myth that needs to be dispelled is that of John keeping his wife locked away in the house, thereby causing her to go insane. Feminists would like us to believe that John locked his wife away in a drab, musty cell, forbidding her to venture outside.
The story paints a starkly different picture.At the beginning of the story, the character speaks rather fondly of the room, calling it as airy and comfortable a room as any one need wish (The Norton Anthology, p. 660). By her utterances here, one can quite easily ascertain that she is indeed comfortable in her new surroundings. The character is also of absolute liberty to explore the rose garden outside at anytime that she wished.
This is proven true by two crucial examples from the story.The first is taken from the characters own mouth, from when she directly states that she walks a little in the garden or down that lovely lane, [and] sit[s] on the porch under the roses (The Norton Anthology, p. 662). By her own admission, she is able to wander outside upon her own free will. The second example that demonstrates the level of freedom that resides with her is the fact that her husband is away all day, and even some nights, attending to other patients.
If John is not there to ensure that she is being locked up, how then can one deduce that he is stripping her of any freedoms? She was at complete liberty to move about as she so desired, for absolutely nobody was there to stop her from acting upon her own free will.She stayed inside most of the day primarily because she wished to. The next controversy explored here is that of whether or not the wife was insane by nature, or if it was John that pushed her into the realm of madness. Some feminists may argue that John clearly was responsible for the deteriorating condition of his dearly beloved. Again, the realists interpretation is extremely different. Nothing that John could have done would have done anything to prevent the inevitability of his wifes transformation into an insane lunatic.
She seems to be fine at the beginning of the story. Her thoughts and words are testimony to that of a person suffering from extreme boredom. As the story unfolds, her thoughts turn into rather bizarre and nonsensical ramblings about women trapped behind the yellow wallpaper that decorates the room. At one points, she writes down that she thought seriously of burning down the house (The Norton Anthology, p.
666). That definitely is not the rationale exhibited by sane individuals.John, meanwhile, consistently reassures her that she is getting better. He notes her color coming back and her appetite returning.
Physically, she was getting better. John was a doctor, not a psychologist, therefore, his treatment of her physical ailments were indeed working. There was nothing that he could have done for her mental deterioration.
If blame is to be administered to any character for the mental breakdown of Johns wife, then she herself must be held accountable for her own insanity. It was she, whom by exercising her own free will, decided not to venture outside anymore. Again, at the beginning of the story, she remarks rather freely about how she liked to sit on the porch under the roses. As madness strengthens the hold upon her cerebrum, she loses her interest in going outside. She ventured outside toward the end of the story, only to remark that she found no appeal in the outdoors. Johns wife longed for the yellowness of the upstairs room.
She had found a sudden lack of fondness for the greenery that was showcased outside of the friendly confines of the yellow room. Of course, the most damning piece of evidence against the theory that John caused his wifes insanity by keeping her locked inside the house reveals itself at the end of the story. The female heroine writes for us that she locked herself inside the house and threw the key onto the footpath. This is extremely problematic if the theory that John was keeping his wife locked away is to be believed.
If he was keeping her locked up, why did she have access to the key? The mere fact that she had a key indicates that she was there upon her own free will.The second piece of evidence displayed that vindicates John comes when she locks herself inside of the house. If she knew that she was going insane because of the actions of her husband, and longed to be outside, why then did she lock herself inside? John was said to be gone all day and, in particular, that night. If she were feeling as oppressed as some would have us to believe, she would have taken that golden opportunity to flee the so-called dungeon that her husband had created for her. It can only be assumed that she enjoyed the prison that she created for herself since she didnt flee at any moment of opportunity. In summary, John should be championed as a role model for all aspiring husbands.
He consistently showed complete devotion and concern for his wife throughout the story. He did everything within his power to make sure that she would have an expedited recovery from her ailments. John bent over backwards to ensure that all of his wifes needs were taken care of.
Leave it to modern day feminists to find harm in that. Bibliography Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. The Yellow Wallpaper.The Norton Anthology of American Literature, Ed. Nina Baym. Fifth Edition, Volume 2. W.W.
Norton & Company, New York.1998. P. 657-69.