World War 2

.. tion of Japanese home land.

4. Will Japan fallow Military Advisers or the path of reason. 5. Our terms are not negotiable.6.

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All Leaders of Japan that deceived the people must lose their power. 7. Until Japan has met our requirements the allies will occupy Japan. 8.Japan will lose the islands that they conquered. 9. Japanese military will be disarmed. 10.

War criminals will be punished.Democracy will be strengthened and the people will have freedom of speech, religion, and thought. 11. Japan will be allowed to have industry and world trade.

12. Occupying forces will leave Japan when goals are met.13. Japan must now unconditionally surrender or face prompt and utter destruction Unfortunately The United States did not tell Japan about the Atomic bomb. So Japan was not willing to surrender. Chpt.

8 The President to His Wife, July 31 Truman wrote to his wife from Potsdam at the end of the conference talking about how Stalin is stalling because he is not happy over English Elections and one of the main topics was War Reparations and Russia wants to be paid Chpt. 9 White House Press Release, August 6 The press release told Americans about the atomic bomb with detail about it.Also telling that they dropped one on Hiroshima 16 hours ago.

Chpt. 10 War Department Press Release, August 6 Stimson set out another press release about the atomic bomb giving more detail about it development and how it will make the war end quicker. Stimson tells how they had to keep it secrete because the enemy if American was told would try to steal it Chpt. 11 Leaflets Dropped on Japanese Cities Leaflets were used in psychological warfare to scare the people out of the cities before dropping the second atomic bomb. Leaflets told them to leave their cities and surrender Chpt.

12 Senator Richard B.Russell to the President, August 7 and the Presidents Response, August 9 Senator Russell was trying to influence Truman to not be lenient to Japan and dont warn them when we bomb their cities. He encourages Truman to destroy Japans resistance. They [the American people believe] that we should continue to strike the Japanese until they are brought groveling to their knees. We should cease our appeals to Japan to sue for peace. The next plea for peace should come from an utterly destroyed Tokyo (pg. 69) Truman responds that the Japanese are terrible and cruel , but he refuses to act the same way that they do.Form nyself I certainly regret the necessity of wiping out whole populations because of the pigheadedness of the leaders of a nation and for your information, I am not going to do it unless it is absolutely necessary (pg.

69 Chpt. 13 1Samuel McCrea Cavert to the President, August 9 and the Presidents Response, August 11 Cavert writes Truman that Christians are deeply disturbed over the use of atomic bombs against Japanese cities. Truman replies that he is disturbed also but that the attack on Pearl Harbor and the horrible treatment of prisoners makes it so that we must treat the Japanese as beasts. When you have to deal with a beast, you have to treat him as a beast (pg.72). Chpt. 14 Albert Einstein to President Roosevelt, March 25, 1945 and Subsequent Correspondence Albert Einstein writes a letter of introduction for Dr.

L. Szilard, a researcher of uranium. Dr. Szilard writes to the presidents secretary asking permission to make a petition, which was signed by 67 scientists, public.This petition asks that no atomic bomb would be dropped in Japan without warning the people first. Chpt. 15 Secretary Stimson to the President, September 11 and Enclosure Stimson writes to Truman recommending sharing the atomic bomb with Russia even though the Soviet Union was still autocratic with few human rights.

Some other people had wanted to only share the bomb after Russia gave more freedom to their people. Stimson believed that over time Russia would change.Chpt.

16 U. S. Strategic Bombing Survey, the Effects of the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, June, 9, 1946 This is a report on how the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki affected the morale of the Japanese people. Dropping the bomb did not demoralize Japanese civilians outside of the immediate area. It also did not affect the military leaders belief that they could continue the war and defend the home islands.

It did give the peace movement the opportunity to push for surrender because the United States had the atomic bomb and Japan did not. No army without the weapon could resist an enemy who had it, thus saving face(pg. 86). The peace movement could overcome the military objection to surrender because Japan could now save face. Chpt.17 Carl T. Compton Article and the President to Compton, December 16 Compton wrote an article that appeared in the Atlantic Monthly that defends dropping the atomic bomb. He argues that dropping the bomb was not inhumane because conventional bombing of Tokyo actually killed more people than dropping the atomic bomb.

He also argues that even though Japan was already beaten they were not willing to stop fighting and that by using the atomic bomb the war ended sooner saving hundreds of thousands of lives. Truman replied thanking him for such a sensible article Chpt. 18 Selected White House Memoranda, 1952-1953 Cates, professor at the University of Chicago who was writing a history of the army, writes to Truman asking for specific information on why he made the decision to drop the atomic bomb.

The presidents aids recommend that the president give the information to Cates and the president replies listing his reasons that he ordered the bomb to be dropped. Chpt. 19 Interview with Former President Truman, 1955 Hillman and Royce, assistants to Truman in writing his memoirs, interview Truman about dropping the atomic bomb. They ask if he did it for psychological reasons. The president states, I ordered it for military reasons and for no other reasons, to save the lives of a great many of our soldiers, thats all I had in mind (pg. 110).

Chpt. 20 Tsukasa Nitoguri to Former President Truman, March 1, 1958 and the Presidents Response, March 12 Edward Murrow interviewed Truman on television and Truman said using the atomic bomb was better than invading because it saved more lives and in the future it might be used again. The Chairman of The Hiroshima Council wrote to Truman about that the People of Hiroshima are against using the atomic bomb ever again. Truman replied listing his reason for using the bomb and placing the responsibility on the Japanese because of their actions at Pearl Harbor Chpt.

21 Handwritten Notes by Former President Truman, 1958 Truman in his notes wants a world police force to maintain peace in the world and the Untied Nations to control nuclear energy. The reason Truman wants this things Bibliography Harry S.Truman & The Bomb American History.