Women in Politics

Here are some facts about women who have served
or are currently serving in the U.S. Congress.

There have been 200 women elected or
appointed to the U.S. Congress. Jeannette
Rankin, Republican from Montana, was the
first woman elected to serve in Congress. On
November 9, 1916, she was elected to the
House of Representatives as Montana’s
Representative-at-Large to the 65th Congress; she served from
1917-1919. Since that time 199 other women have served in
There are a record number of women serving in the 106th
Congress: 58 in the House and 9 in the Senate.
There have been 178 women elected to the House of
Representatives. Of these, 37 were elected to fill vacancies caused
by their husbands’ deaths.

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There have been 27 women elected to the Senate. Of these, 7 were
elected to fill vacancies caused by their husbands’ deaths. Five
women went from the House to the Senate.

Edith Nourse Rogers, Republican from
Massachusetts, holds the record for the
longest service by a woman in the House of
Representatives. Originally elected to fill the
vacancy caused by her husband’s death, she
served from June 25, 1925, until her death on
September 10, 1960.

Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtineor, a
Republican from Florida, was first elected in
1989. She is the first Hispanic woman and
first Cuban American to serve in Congress.

Representative Nydia Velazquez, a
Democrat from New York, was elected in
1992 and became the first Puerto Rican
woman to serve in Congress.

Women Political Leaders -Historical and
Current
Name
Reign
President Isabel Pern
1974-1976
Queen Zabel
1219-1226
Prime Minister Khaleda
Zia
1991-1996
Prime Minister Sheikh
Hasina Wajed
1996-present
Premier Pamela Gordon
1997-1998
Premier Jennifer Smith
1998-present
Prime Minister Lidia
Gueiler
1979-1980
Prime Minister Sylvie
Kinigi
1993-1994
Empress Theodora
1055-1056
Queen Kossamak (joint
ruler)
1955-1960
Prime Minister Kim
Campbell
1993 (4 months)
Prime Minister Elizabeth
Domitien
1974-1976
Empress Wu Chao
655-705
Dowager Empress Tsu-Hsi
1861-1908
Queen Margaret I
1387-1412
Queen Margrethe II
1972-present
Prime Minister Mary
Eugenia Charles
1980-1995
Queen Hatshepsut
1501-1498 B.C.

Queen Eje
1351-1350 B.C.

Queen Arsinoe II (joint
ruler)
279-270 B.C.

Queen Berenice
81-80 B.C.

Queen Cleopatra VII
51-50 B.C.

Empress Waizero
1916-1930
President Tarja Halonen
2000-present
Prime Minister Edith
Cresson
1991-1992
Queen Jane (Lady Jane
Grey)
1553 (9 days)
Queen Mary I
1553-1558
Queen Elizabeth I
1558-1603
Queen Mary II (joint ruler)
1689-1702
Queen Anne
1702-1714
Queen Victoria
1837-1901
Queen Elizabeth II
1952-present
Prime Minister Margaret
Thatcher
1979-1990
President Janet Jagan
1997-1999
Provisional President Erita
Pascal-Trouillot
1990
Prime Minister Claudette
Werleigh
1995-1996
Queen Mary
1382-1387
Queen Elizabeth
1439-1440
Queen Maria Theresa
1740-1780
President Vigdis
Finnbogadttir
1980-1996
Prime Minister Indira
Gandhi
1966-1977,
1980-1984
President Mary Robinson
1990-1997
President Mary McAleese
1997-present
Israel and Judah
Queen Athaliah
842-837 B.C.

Prime Minister Golda Meir
1969-1974
Queen Theodelinda
590
Queen Joanna I of Naples
1343-1381
Queen Maria of Sicily
1377-1402
Queen Joanna II of Naples
1414-1435
Empress Suiko Tenno
593-628
Empress Kogyoku
642-645
Empress Jito
686-697
Empress Gemmyo
703-724
Empress Koken
(abdicated)
749-758
Empress Shotuku-Koken
764-770
President Vaira
Vike-Freiberga
1999-present
Prime Minister Kazimicra
Prunskiene
1990-1992
Queen Ranavalona I
1828-1861
Queen Rasoaherina
1863-1868
Queen Ranavalona II
1868-1883
Queen Ranavalona III
(deposed)
1883-1896
Queen Wilhelmina
(abdicated)
1890-1948
Queen Juliana
1948-1980
Queen Beatrix
1980-present
Prime Minister Maria
Liberia-Peters
1984-1986,
1988-1993
Prime Minister Susanne
Camelia-Romer
1993, 1998-present
Prime Minister Jenny
Shipley
1997-1999
Prime Minister Helen
Clark
1999-present
President Maria Liberia
Peres
1984-1985
President Violeta
Barriosde Chamorro
1990-1997
Queen Margaret
1387-1412
Prime Minister Gro Harlem
Brundtlandt
1981 and 1986
Prime Minister Benazir
Bhutto
1988-1990,
1993-1996
President Mireya Moscoso
1999-present
President Maria Corazon
Aquino
1986-1992
Queen Hedwige
1384-1399
Prime Minister Hanna
Suchocka
1992-1993
Queen Maria I
1777-1816
Queen Maria II
1826-1828
Queen Maria III
1834-1853
Prime Minister Maria de
Lourdes Pintasilgo
1979 (149 days)
Empress Irene
797-802
Queen Tamara
1184-1212
Empress Catherine I
1725-1727
Empress Anna Ivanovna
1730-1740
Empress Elizabeth
Petrovna
1741-1762
Empress Catherine II (The
Great)
1762-1796
Prime Minister Agathe
Uwilingiyimana
1993-1994
Governor-General
Pearlette Louisy
1997-present
Queen Mary Stuart
(executed)
1542-1567
Betty Mae Jumper
1960-1969
Queen Dona Urraca
1109-1126
Queen Juana I
1274-1307
Queen Juana II
1328-1349
Queen Dona Blanca
1425-1441
Queen Isabella I (joint
ruler)
1474-1504
Queen Catalina de Albret
1481-1512
Queen Isabella II
1833-1868
Queen Anula
47-42 B.C.

Queen Sivali
35 B.C.

Queen Lilavati
1197-1200,
1209-1212
Queen Kalyanavati
1202-1208
Prime Minister Sirimavo
Bandaranaike
1960-1965,
1970-1977,
1994-present
President Chandrika
Kumaratunga
1994-present
Queen Christina
(abdicated)
1632-1654
Queen Ulrica Eleonora
(abdicated)
1718-1720
Queen Salote Tubou III
1918-1965
Prime Minister Tansu iller
1993-1996
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