Volleyball

Title:Blocking in VolleyballDescription: Blocking in Volleyball Blocking is a very important defensive aspect of volleyball at higher levels. Blocking is one of the hardest skills to learn, and does not always show direct results. TheBody:Blocking in VolleyballBlocking is a very important defensive aspect of volleyball at higher levels. Blocking is one of the hardest skills to learn, and does not always show direct results.

The block serves four basic functions. The first is to stop the ball, and hopefully return it to the opponents side for a point or side out. The second is to eliminate as a much of the court for the opposing hitter to hit into, also making the court easier for the back row to defend. The third is to deflect the ball up so that it can be used for an attack. The last function is to force the use of a secondary (possibly weaker) hitter, or a secondary hit such as a tip or half hit. The basics of the block begin at the feet. The feet should be parallel, about fourteen inches from the net, and about shoulder width apart.

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The weight should be on the inside of the feet, with more weight on the foot opposite the direction of the most likely movement. Knees should be slightly bent. Hands should always be kept at shoulder height, elbows flexed, and the forarms should be parallel to the net. Prior to jumping a half squat position should be assumed, with back straight, leaning slightly to the net.

Ater jumping hands should go up and slide over the net as far as possible. The arms and hands should be rigid, with thumbs upward and fingers spread apart. Before contact, the arms, shoulders, and hands should be turned inward to the center of the court.

The body should pike. The hands should be open to surround, and try to catch the ball.There are two main methods of movement. These include the side step and the crossover.

The side step is meant for covering a short distance. The body stays square to the net. The foot closest to the direction of the movement moves first. The outer foot then follows sliding back to a shoulder width position. Setting the block involves several variables. These include the distance of the set from the net, height of the set, attacker, angle of hitters approach, what hand the hitter uses, and lastly the position of the attacking arm and elbow in relationship to the ball. Body position is also important in setting the block.

The blocker should not be too close to the net, but should not be further than fourteen inches. The outside blocker is responsible for setting the outside of the block in a multiple block. He should set up no closer than one arms length from the antennae, thus reducing the chances of a brush off. The offside (left) blocker should keep their left hand on the setters face, this will reduce the chances of the setter dumping succesfully. {1} There are seven key points in the blocking sequence:-Verbally identify attack options before serve-watch first pass and asses setters options-get into position-time the jump-pike and press to opposite corner of court-lock elbows after hitter has committed to adirectionSome common mistakes in blocking are not penetrating the net, not closing the block, fading or drifting past the hitter, and touching the net.A basic drill to start out with is a stationary block. By having someone on a box or chair acting as a hitter, athletes can get used to blocking.

The ball will be hit in the same direction each time. The blocker can get used to keeping the hands high, keeping their eyes open, and going after the ball.It is important that the foot work becomes natural.

By moving along the net practicing the blocking movements blockers can develop efficiency and balance.To develop timing and adjustment making abilities the {2} over the head drill can be used.In this the coach stands on the blockers side. He then tosses the ball over the net to the opposing hitter. The block must then adjust to where the ball is going and front the hitter.

To develop some stability and control at the top of the net the coach can toss balls from the side of the net between four opposing blockers (two a side), they can then attempt to stuff block against each other.Blocking is one of the most difficult skill to learn or teach in volleyball. In blocking success is limited. This is due to the rarity of a stuff block. Never the less, this does not decrease the importance of blocking against a strong hitting team.

Volleyball

.. es your forefingers and thumbs, quickly (but softly) extend your arms and hands in the direction you want to set the ball. The ball should make contact with all of your forefingers, most of your middle fingers, and the pads (not the tips) of your thumbs. Your ring and pinky fingers will contact the ball as well, but only incidentally. Your palms should never touch the ball.

Begin your setting motion as the ball contacts your hands (no earlier), and allow the stretch reflex to do its work. Step forward with your right foot as you extend your body. Follow the ball to hitter to help cover, in case s/he gets blocked.

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Serving As with any volleyball skill, you should use as little body motion as possible when you serve. Prepare to serve by standing just behind the baseline with your weight on your right foot (for right-handers) and your left foot slightly in front.Hold the ball at your waist with both hands. When the referee whistles and motions for serve, you have five seconds to serve the ball. There are two methods for tossing the ball: a one-handed toss and a two-handed toss.

Raise the ball in front of your right shoulder with your arms nearly straight, keeping your left hand on the bottom of the ball and your right hand on top. Lift your right hand off the ball and slowly draw your right elbow back and slightly up, so that it passes by your right ear. When your right hand is even with your ear, begin the serving motion.As you toss the ball, step forward with your left foot and transfer your weight from right to left.

. As the toss nears its peak, begin your swing by reaching up with your elbow and slinging your hand at the ball. Make contact with the heel and palm of your hand and try not to let your fingers touch the ball.

Follow through to your right hip, keeping your wrist stiff, and then move quickly to your defensive position.Spiking Hitting (a.k.a.

spiking) is usually a team’s third contact. It is an attempt to end the rally by hitting a ball that the opponent cannot return. There are three basic skills in spiking, approach, plant and jump, and contact. Begin your approach 12′ to 15′ from the net. If you are hitting a left-side set, start far enough out of bounds to approach the set at about a 55-degree angle to the net.

For a middle attack, approach at about a 75-degree angle. For a right-side attack, approach at about 90 degrees. Prepare for your approach by standing with your left foot approximately 18 in front of your right, with your weight resting on the ball of your left foot. As the set nears its peak, take two quick sprinting steps, beginning with your right foot. Next, contact the ground with your right heel, with your left foot making contact, almost simultaneously, about 4 or 5 in front of your right foot.As your feet strike the ground (actually, a moment before they strike the ground), begin your jumping motion by uncoiling every body part at once. As you push with your legs, pull as hard as you can with your back and arms.

As you leave the ground your back will arch and your heels will curl up toward your butt. You are now in a prime hitting position. Finally, As the ball falls in front of your right shoulder, initiate your swing by pulling your left elbow to your side, and reaching toward the ball with your right elbow.

Your right hand follows your elbow toward the ball, and your arm straightens an instant before you make contact. Hit the ball with the heel and palm of your hand, and quickly whip your fingers through the top of the ball by snapping your wrist. Follow through to your right hip, not across your body. Your body will rotate quickly to the left as you swing, and your right shoulder will end up closer to the net than your left. Land softly on both feet and prepare to block.Ninety-five percent of blocking is watching and positioning. First, watch the opponent’s pass; it will tell you a great deal about whom the setter will set.

Second, watch the setter before he/she contacts the ball. Again, there will be clues about where the ball will go. Meanwhile, using your peripheral vision, watch the hitters; their positioning will tell you the planned location and height of the set.After the set is made, watch the ball long enough to know where it will come down, then turn all your attention to the hitter. As you position the block, focus all your attention on the hitter, noting the angle and speed of his/her approach. Go up after the attacker.

Jump as high as you can, and the moment any body part — fingers, palms, wrists, forearms, etc — gets above the net, push it into the opponent’s air space. Keep your arms perfectly straight and try to squeeze your shoulders into your ears.Spread your fingers, point your thumbs toward the ceiling, and watch the hitter’s swing.

Blocking As you reach the peak of your jump, push your hands toward the center of the opponent’s court; this action angles your hands and arms so that ball deflects downward and toward the center of the court. As soon as you land, turn toward the center of your court and prepare to play offense: if you’re the setter, prepare to set; if you’re a hitter, sprint, (don’t back-pedal) to the start of your approach. Strategies There are three basic strategies in volleyball. They are a 4-2, 5-1, and 6-2. A 4-2 is an offense with four spikers and two setters.The setters set when they are in the front row and defend when they are in the back row. A 5-1 offense consists of five spikers and one setter. A 6-2 offense has four spikers and two setters.

The setters are spikers in the front row, and set when in the back row. Court Layout The volleyball net height from the floor to the top of the net for men is 7 feet 11 5/8 inches and for women is 7 feet 4 1/8 inches.The court measurements are as follows…

Terminology Ace- a serve that lands in the opponents court without being touched Blocking- a defensive play; attempting to block or stop the returning ball over or near the net Cover- being positioned behind a spike or a block to field a ball glancing off a teammate Dead ball- ball that is out of play Dig- the art of passing an attacked ball close to the floor Dive- defensive maneuver to recover a ball by extending to a prone position Kill- A spike that is impossible to return Rotation- clockwise movement of the players following a side-out Service- putting the ball into play by the right back position Set- a high pass that is generally the second play by a team to relay the ball for a spike Side-out- ending of a teams right to serve because of an infringement of a rule Spike- a ball hit forcibly from a height above the net Violation- a foul, such as a lift, double hit, or a four hits on one side Safety An important part of playing an active and strenuous sport is stretching. Players must warm-up and cool down muscles. Stretch arms as well as legs before playing. Kneepads may be worn for protection. Also, make sure the playing service and the surrounding area of the court is clear of any wet spots or obstacles that may cause injury.

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