Utopia Or Dystopia Samir Patel Ms. Priego English 4 CP May 11, 1998 Utopia or Dystopia All through life humanity tries to obtain a world in which one can live with enjoyment, equality, fairness, and happiness. Many great writers have created utopian worlds that the reader can consider and explore. To create a perfect place compels the writer to write novels that deal with utopia. People see them selves in a place where it is fun and enjoyable. Writers see today’s world not as the good place(Hermon, Holman).
The world today has many wars, diseases, and world wide hunger. It takes many steps to produce a utopian world and is why creating a Utopia is no easy task. Other type of world that is opposite of Utopia is dystopia. Dystopia is a place where in literary meaning would be a, bad place(Snodgrass). Novels such as Brave New World, Fahrenheit 451, and 1984 are dystopian novels. In Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, takes the Individuality and has made happiness and enjoyment of life in to an artificial feeling with the constant presence of soma.
Hope of achieving utopia humankind in this world obtains dystopia by mass cloning that destroys humanity. In Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, the controllers of this world try to achieve utopia but in turn reach dystopia were knowledge is gone. In George Orwells 1984, achieve dystopia by the inner party who strive for domination by controlling love and the individual mind. In Once and Future King, T.H. White creates a utopian world where the idea of equality, peace, fairness, and happiness appears as a result of King Arthur’s influence.
Novel shows how one individual tries his whole life striving to achieve utopia. The novel shows that the life time of one person is not enough to obtain this utopia as King Arthur has to past his ideas for the future generations. In Edward Bellamy’s Looking Backward, constructs the perfect utopia where the individual, love, and knowledge are practice unlike the other worlds. Looking Backward, and Once and Future King, did what the other novels did not; it strives for utopia and reaches it. Novels that reach utopia keeps and works the ideas of individualism, love, and knowledge into the society; whereas the dystopian novels eliminate such ideas believing it will lead to utopia. George Orwell presents a world to the reader where there is no chance for a utopia whereas the citizens see this world as a utopia due to telescreens, propaganda’s and brainwashing that leads to a society of no desires or thoughts. Citizens are not allowed to have personal thoughts or feelings due to the telescreens that destroys the individual mind. Telescreens is a designs that is a two way interacting television set that the Party uses to keep people from thinking.
The telescreens are monitored by a force called the Thought Police. Thought police plugged in on any individual wire..-in the assumption that every sound you made was over heard(Orwell 7). We see how this is forced greatly on the people when Winston has to hide himself from telescreens just to write down some of his thoughts. Huge posters with big eyes reminds the people that Big Brother is watching them. This is the constant brainwashing the citizen go trough as they are attached at a young age to love Big Brother and once hooked the party controls them for the rest of there lives. All the brainwashing of constant propaganda’s and telescreen turns the people in the society into drones with only one desire, to love Big Brother. In 1984 the society obtains true power and maintains dystopia by controlling the power of love both filial and romantic.
Children are brainwash at a young age not to love, but spy against their parents thus destroying the filial love. The children are raise to grow up and love only Big Brother. Party has made the affection of making love to another as a sinful act. The aim of the Party was not merely to prevent men and women from forming loyalties which it might not be able to control. Its real, undeclared purpose was to remove all pleasure from the sexual act…The party was trying to kill the sex instinct by distorting it and dirtying it(Orwell 57). Understanding that sex was apart of love it was made to believe to be a sin, but seen right by Party to have sex to gain new members.
The Party still had other measure to control love for it is the force that makes their true power. The party uses the Ministry of Love that implements torture to keep control of love to achieve complete domination. Pain of torture is to much to bare as it can strip love and force one to betrayal as one would do anything to stop the pain. I don’t care who it is or what you do to them. I’ve got a wife and three children..
You can take the whole lot of them and cut their throats in front of my eyes, and I’ll stand and watch it. But not room 101!(195). Here is an example of a prisoner who has been tortured for a long time by the Ministry of Love and does not want anymore. Due to this excessive pain he is willing to see his own spouse and children killed in front of him for the love of the party and not for his family. This is the same process that Winston and Julia went through as they betray each other.
Winston and Julia severe torture destroys the romantic love and leads to their mutual betrayal as they turn to love Big Brother that made them believe the society they lived in was perfect. This is power that the Party obtains and controls in this dystopia. Never again will you be capable of love, or friendship, or joy of living, or laughter, or curiosity, or courage, or integrity. You will be hollow. We shall squeeze you empty, and then we shall fill you with ourselves(211).
Through immense torture leads to the betrayal of Winston and Julia, I betrayed you she said baldly. I betrayed you,.(Orwell 240). After they were drained of the love for each other they were filled by love of Big Brother. This is reason why the people of oceana are not capable to love on their own but made to love Big Brother through the power of torture. With this in mind this society controlled by party sees it as utopia whereas it truly and sadly a dystopia in readers eyes and will remain an dystopia.
All dystopian worlds are alike such as Brave New World, were their too contains like qualities and opposite qualities to 1984. Brave New World shows the individuality striped from its people who are forced to live brainwashed, segregated, and unfair without them knowing of it; the people of this futuristic world see it as utopia whereas the reader can clearly see it has dystopia. In this world they have mastered genetics and are able to form identical beings by the dozens that destroys individuality. This process is called Bokanovsky’s Process, Bokanovsky’s Process is one of the major instruments of social stability!(Huxley 5). Result of the Bokanovsky process is mass cloning which is not social stability it is the destruction of humanity. No longer the individual exist, the term individual has a small meaning in this world of similar faces.
Controllers of this world are still not done as they strip more of human nature away. In quest for utopia the controllers of Brave New World have created a caste system were at birth many human natures are taken away; the controllers act as god and decide who gets what from birth. One must wonder how a world is equal when it comes to labor? Who gets to decide who becomes a garbage man or a company president? In this society their jobs are chosen before they are decanted from their artificial birth. Society creates different levels of humans so that the lower the class the lower quality of being. This is truly unjust as one group of humans lose their human nature to grow both physically and mentally. Higher classes are not identical for they are made different but are only a small percentage of the total population. The higher class is the one that coordinates society while the true labor backbone comes from the lower class.
To maintain this caste system the controllers must take great efforts to keep happiness and pleasure for the castes groups so they do what they are made to do. Happiness in Brave New World is artificial with lots of conditioning and the company of the drug called soma. All the people in this society go through conditioning. Conditioning takes away free will to knowledge as it makes the citizens to learn whatever they are condition. If a certain group has to pick up garbage they will love to pick up garbage.
There is no room for the individual mind because the conditioning does not allow the mind to mature in its own way that is why children were decanted and not born. For you must remember that in those days of gross viviparous reproduction, children were always brought up by their parents and not in State Conditioning Centre(Huxley 23). The happiness that condition brings to the caste works efficiently. Sometimes this artificial happiness needs a boost for the members of this society. The higher and lower caste can sometimes see their misery which is not intended by the controllers so these people are given soma. Soma induces pleasure in great amounts and clears the mind of bad feelings.
Conditioning and soma satisfies all pleasures so there is no need for love. In this world’s advances to achieve utopia cost them many valuable items such as love both filial and romantic. Decanting was the lost of filial love because in this world there are no mothers or fathers. Citizens are not able to see romantic love because the controller encourages and conditions them to have sex with many different people within their caste. No love is possible in this society because true love is not wanted.
People of Brave New World see the love between a mother and child disgusting. The spectacle of two young women giving breast to their babies made her blush and turn away her face. She had never seen anything so indecent in her life(Huxley 111). Without love for another death is not seen. The only way they can see love is when they go to the savage lands.
The savage land is were John is from and through his eyes the reader can truly see this world of dystopia. The reader of Brave New World can see that the society has not reached utopia as can John the Savage, but ironically the people of the society think other wise; citizens believe they have reached a state of living that many dream of. The people of this world can not see this dystopia whereas John can. Society disgust John because he is able to see clear without the conditioning and soma. ‘O brave new world that has such people in it.’..But the Savage had suddenly broken away and was violently retching(Huxley 63). The society does not understand Johns reaction other then that they see him as a savage.
Society sees their world as a utopia and try to show John. Bernard and Hemholtz show off Utopia to John. He is more disgusted and moody with each passing day(Carey 13). It is ironic that John is called the savage when he truly is not. But the central irony in Huxley’s evocation of the Noble Savage idea is that although John Savage, as he comes to be called, fits the romantic prototype in that he has a natural dignity and intelligence, he is not a savage(Guinevera 76).
This shows that Brave New World to a regular person is not seen to be a utopia; it is seen to be a dystopia. Another novel such as Fahrenheit 451 reaches for utopia but ends up with dystopia. Ray Bradbury in Fahrenheit 451, shows a society that creates a world of happiness without the cause of pain and confusion that leads to a world with no thoughts. The society believes that pain was causing dystopia along with confusion. So this society began to strive for complete happiness believing that utopia would soon be reached.
To rid pain they made devices to continuously pump in happy thoughts. Such devices were television sets that completely surround the room on all four sides and headsets to calm you down and put in happy thoughts. .in her ears the little seashells, the thimble radios tamped tight, and an electronic ocean of sound, of music and talk and music and talk coming in..of her unsleeping mind(Bradbury 11). Shows how the society tries to keep everyone happy and free from pain and confusion. This devises are not enough for the human brain has many thoughts so the society has to try to keep the mind free of any thoughts other then happy thoughts.
This world believes that knowledge from books causes to much controversy, confusion, and pain so eventually they became extinct. Society wanted the people to be happy and not ask why. In order too due this society had to take away the individual mind that forms from the knowledge it receives. The source of knowledge that the society looks upon to be bad was books. At first they did not burn books as they thought they could just shorten them.
Classic cut to fit fifteen-minute radio shows, then cut again to fill a two-minute book column..whose sole knowledge, as I say, of Hamlet was a one-page digest in a book claimed: now at last you can read all the classics; keep up with your neighbors.(Bradbury 50). By shortening books they believed it will cause fewer thoughts thus leading to less controversy that leads to less confusion and finally less pain. It is the thoughts that put questions inside the mind and this is what the society does not want. Shortening books was not enough so they had to take more drastic measures. In Fahrenheit 451 is a world that does not let the individual express their own thoughts by destroying all the books that help the human mind to form it’s of unique individual way. In the beginning, we see fire that is used to destroy books.
It was a pleasure to burn. It was a special pleasure to see things eaten, to see things blackened and changed(3). This shows how fire is to be seen throughout the novel as it destroys books that are knowledge. The destruction of books shows that destroying books that creates individuality is not wanted by a uniform society that the reader sees as dystopia. As the books burn and become blacken is how the minds of many become, as they no longe …