Understanding and Application AbstractAncient wisdom says “anything that is bought or sold has no value unless itcontains the secret and priceless ingredients of credibility, honesty andintegrity.” Introduction Questions about the ethical justification of humanactivity have occupied philosophers since time immemorial. Whether Lao-tse,Confucius, the writers of the gospels, or the Fathers of the Church likeAugustine or Thomas of Aquinas: they all have comparable concepts of whatis good and bad human behavior and what constitutes sensible humanexistence. Those of us wishing to discover suitable working principles canrefer to Immanuel Kant, Max Weber, or Hans Jonas. One way or the other: noone today can claim that there are no interesting impulses for appropriateethical reflection.
However, anyone who examines the current social andenvironmental situation in the world is liable to be disappointed about theinfluence that the accumulated moral-philosophical wisdom is having inpractice.IntroductionAccording to Webster’s Dictionary ethics is defined as the disciplinedealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation.(Source: Merriam-Webster Online) Ethics are behavioral traits that definethe manner of a personal conduct upon an individual’s core values, beliefsand morals. A society’s culture consists of whatever it is one has to knowor believes in order to operate in a manner acceptable to its members. Tounderstand how the people of one culture interpret a situation or event, anindividual must evaluate the attributes that a certain culture has.Heroism and defiance are two concepts that are easily misinterpreteddepending on a particular culture’s ideals. Every society and culture hasdifferent ways of interpreting and defining ethics development,understanding, and application by the way their own culture or societynorms. DiscussionDifferences: Ethics, Morals, Beliefs, and ValuesHow one will interpret rules, and how one will treat others, is basedupon well defined ethics.
It is not possible to have ethics without moralsbecause ethics is a measure of the consistency of conduct to morals.Ethics are situational because they provide the decision making frameworkfor an individual faced with apparent conflict. For example, how does oneinterpret “Thou shall not kill” when one must eat to live (whether is itanimal or vegetable life is being compromised)? Morals are fibers fromwhich all else is made. Core values and beliefs, on the other hand, arefixed, black and white, and not negotiable. They represent basic, inherentunderstanding of how things are, or ought to be.
They are not situational,unlike ethics, nor are they topical. Values and beliefs start from birthand are built brick by brick as we grow and mature. At some point in ourlives, they become fixed and ingrained in each one of us.Morals are core values of us within society. They are not things thatwe have based upon what we believe about other things. For example, onemight proclaim to have certain morals based upon a particular religion inwhich one has received an instruction set from God or a god.
In effect, theinstruction set is just that – actual rules. How the rules are interpretedreflect personal ethics. Whether or not an individual may be attracted to aparticular religion reflects upon core values and beliefs. Core values andbeliefs, as defined in morals, does not refer to beliefs about God, but topersonal instruction set.As religion has entered the discussion, it isnecessary to define it as well. Religion, defined by dictionary.com, is(1.
) A strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control humandestiny. & (2.) A set of beliefs, values, and practices based on theteachings of a spiritual leader. Thus, it becomes evident how suchnecessary structure affects the nature of personal core values and beliefs.My EthicsAfter giving it a thought, I think Ethics is not definable, is notimplementable, because it is not conscious; it involves not only ourthinking, but also our feeling.
Ethics is the study of right and wrongconduct. If I start talking about my ethics, it is very simple. I wasraised the old-fashioned way, with a stern set of moral principles: Neverlie, cheat, steal or hurt anyone. I tend to believe that ethical conductappeals to conscience. When looking at other people, I judge whether theirbehavior is ethical by the intent of their actions, not the end result oftheir actions. This is true; a lot of the time, I would rather see persondo the right thing, even if it doesn’t yield the result they had desired orstrived for. I myself have done this to a fault, even though I have atother times compromised my ethics to get what I wanted, feeling prettycrummy in the process.
I do have a bad habit of not forgiving someone whois selfish and does everything for their own benefit.The word “ethics” is important and could mean something different todifferent people. Ethical behavior is that accepted as morally “good” and”right” as opposed to “bad” or “wrong” in a particular setting. There arelot questions that could arise. Is it ethical to withhold information thatmight discourage a job candidate from joining our organization? Is itethical to ask someone to take a job we know will not be good for his orher career progress? Is it ethical to ask so much of someone that theycontinually have to choose between having a career and having a life? If westart talking about it, the list of questions can go on and on, but animportant point is that the public is increasingly demanding that people inorganizations and the organizations themselves all act in accordance withhigh ethical and moral standards.I always thing that why does ethics matter. Ethics matters because oneperson can make one bad decision that could adversely alter the lives ofmany people.
Another thing to talk about is the moral barometer. It is ametaphorical scale to think about how our society measures us from a moralperspective. The important point of the Moral Barometer is to give us acommon framework for looking at issues and the world around us.
EthicalFitness is a person’s state of readiness to make a big ethical decision.Relating ethical fitness to physical fitness, most people are not asked torun 100 miles every day. However, if we knew that we would be asked to run100 miles, we would begin training months in advance. We might run a fewmiles every other day and work our way up to 100 miles before the race.When asked to run 100 miles, we would be ready. Ethical fitness works thesame way. We may not be required to make ethical decisions that impact manypeople every day.
However, we need to be able to make small decisions thatwill help us become ready for an unexpected situation. I personally dobelieve in that as well. I think that one has to be ready for good and baddays so that we don’t face any surprises that could spoil our day.Professional LifeThe subject of ethical behavior in the workplace cannot beoveremphasized.
An ethical dilemma is a situation in which a person mustdecide whether or not to do something that, although personally ororganizationally beneficial, may be considered unethical and perhapsillegal. Often ethical dilemmas are associated with risk and uncertainty,and with non routine problem situations. Just how decisions are handledunder these circumstances, once that will inevitably appear during ourcareer, may well be the ultimate test of our personal ethical framework. Atmy work, before any decision is made, I always check the checklist and askmyself some questions. Is my action legal? Is it right? Is it beneficial?When it comes to the ethics of decision making, the criteria individualsuse to define problems and the values that underlie these criteria must beconsidered. Moral conducts is involved in choosing problems, deciding whoshould be involved, estimating the impacts of alternatives, and selectingan alternative for implementation. I think decisions may involve lying,deceit, fraud, evasion of negligence that is disapproved of in manycultures. But ethical monitoring and control go beyond just the pragmaticsof harm.
Moreover, when we are the decision maker, decision making is notjust a choice process followed by implementation for the good of theorganization. It involves our values and our morality whether or not wethink it should. Thus, effective implemented choices need to not only solvea problem or capitalize on choices but also match our values and helpothers. It is true that decision making will be the biggest challenge ofour career. We cannot live for ourselves alone. Our lives are connected bya thousand invisible threads, and we go along with them in many directions.My Personal Code of Ethics PreambleEthical people are committed to increasing knowledge of behavior andpeople’s understanding of themselves and others and to the use of suchknowledge to improve the condition of individuals, organizations, andsociety. I strongly believe that ethical respects and protects civil andhuman rights and the central importance of freedom of inquiry andexpression in research, teaching, and publication.
They also strive to helpthe public in developing informed judgments and choices concerning humanbehavior. As one of ethical students, in order to fulfill this obligation,I will pledge my self into my personal decision of acceptable behavior inrelation with people to the following categories:I believe… 1. Respect must be earned. Respect cannot be bought.
In order to respect somebody, one must first show that they are genuine and worthy of being respected. 2. Being fair involves objectivity.
When making a decision that involves two or more parties or situations, one must be open to each without any preconceived bias. Everyone is entitled to a fair opportunity. 3. One should stand up for what she or he believes is wrong and will nottolerate any longer. Tolerating an unjust situation can only go so far.
One must be able to feel comfortable about him or herself. 4. Everyone must take responsibility for her or his own actions. Too many times, individuals in our society try to place the blame on someone else’s shoulders. 5. Power can be dangerous if used the wrong way. People must use the power they have to make a positive influence on the world.
6. Values are corner of society. In order for the world to be a better place, we must place more emphasis on developing strong moral values. 7. Trust is very precious. If abused trust, it can destroy friendships and relationships.
8. Lies should never be told. If lies have been told, it ruins the trust on personal and business levels and is extremely unethical in any case. 9. People should not be taken advantage of for an individual’s personalgain.
Manipulation is an unfair method of getting another person to follow a lead.10. Love makes the world a batter place. Without love, life would lose its meaning.
I will… 1.
Be open to new and diverse ideas. 2. Be accountable for my actions. 3. Establish trustworthy relationships. 4.
Treat all people equally. 5. Honor my word. 6. Be impartial in decision-making processes. 7. Contribute to society and human well-being.
8. Avoid harm to others. 9. Be honest and trustworthy10. Be fair and take action not to discriminate.11. Oppose all forms of discrimination, hatred, or bias.12.
Live my life in a manner in which I will not disrespect others ormyself.13. Honor property rights including copyrights and patent.14. Give proper credit for intellectual property.15.
Respect the privacy of others.16. Honor confidentiality.17. Strive to achieve the highest quality, effectiveness, and dignity inboth the process and products of professional works.18. Be gentle with the earth.
19. Live a good, honorable life.20. Share my knowledge.21. Encourage, reward, and accept change.22.
Assist others in any way possible.23. Take responsibility for my own errors.24. Conduct myself as an ethical person in my private life, and as anethical professional in my dealings with learners, colleagues andothers in which I may encounter in all my undertakings.
25. Review my personal code of ethics periodically, and reflect on mypractice as a professional, and strive to make improvements whereverand whenever necessary to the benefit of the profession, the practice,and the adult learners. ConclusionAt this point in time, while I am still learning to be an ethic person, Ican only hope that I have covered most of situations. However, the futureis a mystery I cannot predict what is going to happen, therefore this codedoes not cover every circumstance I will use during my life. I only hopethat I will always keep an eye on this code.