Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison
Thomas (Alva) Edison was one of Americas most important and famous inventors. Edison was born into a time and place where there wasnt much technological advancements. His inventions helped a lot of things quickly change in the world. His inventions contributed to many inventions today such as the night light, movies, telephones, and records and CDs.
Edison is most famous for the development of the first electric light bulb. Like I said Edison was born into a time where America wasnt very developed. He was born, and electricity had not been developed. But thanks to Edison when he had passed away on October 18, 1931 whole cities were lit up in electricity. For electricity, much of the credit goes to Edison.

Some of his inventions were improvements on other inventions, like the telephone. He didnt invent the telephone he just made it better. Some of his inventions he did try to invent, like the light bulb and the movie projector. The one he is most proud of was pretty much an accident–the phonograph.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Edison invented and improved upon things that changed our world. Some of the things he invented, he did by himself. Some he did with other people. Just about all his inventions are still around today and are commonly used. It was important to Edison that he created and invented things that people could use in their everyday life.

Thomas Edison was born on February 11, 1847 in Milan Ohio. He was the youngest of all 7 children. His parents were Samuel Edison, Jr. and Nancy Elliot Edison. His dad was a man that did everything, from real-estate to running the local grocery store. His mom was a teacher, but with 7 children she stayed home with the kids preparing meals and helping them with homework. When Thomas was seven years old, his family moved to Port Huron, Michigan. He was full of energy and a curious young boy.

When Thomas moved to Port Huron he started to go to school. His teacher, Reverend Engle considered Thomas to be a dull student. Thomas knew this and didnt like it. Thomas didnt like math and asked a lot of questions. Which Reverend Engle did not like. It was told that Reverend Engle whipped students who asked too many questions, cause it was an annoyance to his everyday life. Reverend Engle criticized him one day and Thomas left school and stormed home.
The next day Thomas and his mom went back to school to have a talk with Reverend Engle. He continued to say things about Thomas knowledge saying such remarks like Thomas cant learn. His mother was extremely offended and decided to take him out of that school. His mom later decided that she would homeschool him. During these times of home schooled he was enrolled in 2 other public schools. His attendance was very sporadic so it is known that most of his schooling was done at home.



Undergoing His Inventions
Automatic Telegraph
Nine years before Edison was born, Samuel Morse was famous for inventing the telegraph. The telegraph sent messages over wires using “Morse code”. In Morse code, the alphabet and numbers are written in combinations of dots, dashes, and short and long sounds. By the time Edison began doing experiments, telegraph lines went across the country. He wanted to learn how to be a telegrapher and send messages over telegraph wires.

One day while selling newspapers along the railroad, something happened that was going to change Edisons life. Edison saved the life of a station official’s child. The child fell onto the tracks of an oncoming train. Edison ran to his helplessness and took the boy off the tracks before the train flew bye. The boy’s father thanked Edison by teaching him how to use the telegraph. Edison used scrap metal to build a telegraph set and practiced the Morse code.
When Edison was 16, he moved to Toronto, Canada. He became a telegraph assistant. His job was to report to Toronto every hour by telegraph signal. Edison thought this was a waste of time. He invented a gadget that sent a signal even if he was asleep. This was his first invention – the transmitter and receiver for the automatic telegraph. His boss found him asleep during this process and almost fired him…but didnt.

Stock Market Ticker
When Edison was 21, he moved to New York City. He had no money. A friend let him sleep in a basement office below Wall street. Edison spent a lot of time studying the stock market ticker. That was the machine that gave information about stock market prices. It was a spin-off of the Morse telegraph device. Once, Edison fixed a broken stock ticker so well that that the owners hired him to build a better one. Within a year he made the Edison Universal Stock Printer. Edison sold the rights for the stock ticker. He thought he might get paid around $4,000 for it. He got $40,000!
With all this money, Edison started a business in Newark, New Jersey. He built stock tickers and high-speed printing telegraphs. At this shop he improved on the typewriter. Until Edison improved it, you could write faster than you could type!
The Phonograph or Talking Machine
The phonograph was Edison’s favorite invention. He invented the “talking machine” by accident while working on telegraphs and telephones. This was something brand new and Edison’s most original invention, and it happened by accident. He was working on ways to record telegraph messages automatically. At age 30 he recorded his first words “Mary Had A Little Lamb.” Edison received his first patent for the talking machine in 1878. The tinfoil phonograph was sold to the public from 1878 – 1880 at prices ranging from $10 to $200. Edison continued to work on cylinder and disk phonographs for the rest of his long life, even receiving patents on them well into the 1920’s – over 40 years later!
The Electric Lightbulb
Scientists had been working to invent electric light for many years. Back then people used candles and gaslights to light their homes. But gaslights were smelly and smoky. After two years in his new laboratory, Edison decided he would invent a safe, mild, and inexpensive electric light.
Edison searched for the proper “filament” or wire, that would give good light when electricity flowed through it. He sent people to the jungles of the Amazon and forests of Japan in his search for a perfect filament material. He tested over 6,000 vegetable growths (baywood, boxwood, hickory, cedar, flax, bamboo) as filament material.
In 1879, after spending $40,000, and performing 1,200 experiments, he succeeded. He made a light bulb using carbonized filaments from cotton thread. Carbonized thread is ordinary cotton sewing thread that has been burned to an ash. The light bulb burned for two days. The electric light took the greatest amount of time and required the most complicated experiments of all his experiments.

Conclusion
In conclusion Mr. Thomas Edison was a great inventor which enhances my everyday life with his unbelievable inventions. If Thomas Edison never invented the lightbulb who knows what the world would be like today. I think that Thomas Alva Edison was a great inspiration and inventor to many people today.

Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison Thomas Edison could probably be properly called Mr. Electricity because of the many inventions and millions of dollars that he used and invested with electricity. From the invention of the light bulb, to the invention of the phonograph Thomas Edison made electricity a reality for the masses. And one of his greatest influences was from his Father a very positive man. A long with the great influence he had upon Americans and the world.

He sparked the movement of todays computer ran world. Thomas Edison was born February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. He was the seventh and last child of Samuel Edison, Jr. and Nancy Elliot Edison. His parents had no special mechanical background.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

His mother was a former schoolteacher; his father was a jack-of-all-trades – from running a grocery store to real estate. When Thomas was seven years old, his family moved to Port Huron, Michigan. He was a very curious child who asked a lot of questions. “Edison began school in Port Huron, Michigan when he was seven. His teacher, the Reverend G. B. Engle considered Thomas to be a dull student.”(Allen pg.

22) Thomas especially did not like math. And he asked too many questions. The story goes that the teacher whipped students who asked questions. After three months of school, the teacher called Thomas, “addled”. Thomas was pissed.

The next day, Nancy Edison brought Thomas back to school to talk with Reverend Engle. The teacher told his mother that Thomas couldn’t learn. Nancy also became angry at the teacher’s strict ways. “She took Thomas out of school and decided to home-school him.”(Allen pg. 34) It appears he briefly attended two more schools. However, his school attendance was not very good.

So nearly all his childhood learning took place at home. Edison’s parents loved to read. They read to him works of good literature and history. They had many books that young Tom eagerly devoured. Before he was 12, he had read works by Dickens and Shakespeare, Edward Gibbon’s Fall of the Roman Empire and Decline, and more. Nancy Edison encouraged her curious son to learn things for himself.

His parents were dedicated to teaching their children. They did not force him to learn about things he didn’t enjoy. So he learned about things that interested him the most. When Thomas was nine Nancy Edison gave him an elementary science book. It explained how to do chemistry experiments at home.

Edison did every experiment in the book. Then Nancy gave him more books on science. He soon loved chemistry and spent all his spare money buying chemicals from a local pharmacy. He collected bottles, wires, and other items for experiments. Abbott Pg.

2 At age 10, Thomas built his first science laboratory in the basement of the family’s home. His father disapproved of all the time Thomas spent in the basement. Sometimes Sam offered a penny to Thomas if he would go back to reading books. But Thomas often used his pennies to buy more chemicals for experiments. “He labeled all his bottles “Poison”.”(Denmark pg.

25) Edison had many ear problems throughout his childhood. When he was 15, a train accident injured his ears more. When he tried to jump on a moving train, a conductor grabbed the boy’s ears to help pull him up. “Thomas said he felt something snap inside his head. He soon began to lose much of his hearing.” (Swanson pg. 34) Thomas never became deaf, but from then on he was hard of hearing.

His deafness could have been cured by an operation. But Thomas refused the operation. He said being deaf helped him concentrate. When Edison was 21, he got a job in Boston as an expert night telegraph operator. Even though he worked nights, he slept little during the day. He was too busy experimenting with electrical currents.

Edison worked to improve a telegraph machine that would send many messages at the same time over the same wire. He borrowed money from a friend, and soon quit his job. Now he could spend all his time inventing. The first invention that he tried to sell was an electric vote recorder. It made voting faster and more accurate.

But no one wanted to buy it. “Today it is used in many states to record votes of legislators.” (Allen pg. 45) He moved to New York City in the summer of 1869. He had no money. A friend let him sleep in a basement office below Wall Street.

Edison spent a lot of time studying the stock market ticker. That was the machine that gave information about stock market prices. It was a spin-off of the Morse telegraph device. Once, Edison fixed a broken stock ticker so well that that the owners hired him to build a better one. Within a year he made the Edison Universal Stock Printer. Edison sold the rights for the stock ticker.

He thought he might get paid around $4,000 for it. He got $40,000! With all this money, Edison started a business in Newark, New Jersey. He built stock tickers and high-speed printing telegraphs. At this shop he improved on the typewriter. Until Edison improved it, you could write faster than you could type. Edison was a poor financial manager.

In his late 20’s, he began to have money problems. After six years at his workshop in Newark, New Jersey, Edison asked his father to help build a new “invention factory”. Edison built his new science laboratory at the village of Menlo Park, NJ. Now he and his two business partners could devote their full attention to inventing. Edison promised that he would build a small invention every ten days and a big invention every six months! He also said he would “take orders” for inventions. Abbott Pg.

3 They moved into the new building in March 1876. His first invention was an improvement on the telephone. Before Edison’s improvement, people had to shout when they used the telephone. The new lab had around 60 workers. It didn’t matter to Edison what a person’s background was. If he thought someone had talent, that was enough.

Edison achieved his greatest successes in this laboratory. Soon he had 40 different projects going at the same time. “He applied for as many as 400 patents a year.” (Denmark pg. 54) His ideas and inventions ranged from the practical to the crazy. Edison worked at Menlo Park for over 10 years.

Edison became a business partner with some of New York’s richest people, J.P. Mo …

Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison Edison was born in the village of Milan, Ohio, on Feb. 11, 1847, and his family later moved to Port Huron, Mich. In his early life as a kid he played jokes on people and got into trouble. One time he set his father’s barn on fire because he wanted to see what fire look like when it burned. His schooling was three months long because he quit when too many people made fun of him.

At the age of seven his mother taught him, and he loved to read books. The book Schoool of Natural Philosophy sparked his likeing for science and, soon after he set up his first lab. At age 12 his father could no longer buy supplies for his lab so he became a train-boy, selling magazines and food on the Grand Trunk Railroad. He spent all he earned on books and supplies for his laboratory.At this time he stoped sleeping and only took cat-naps so he could work on experiments at night in the bagage car. An accident at this time led to a loss of hearing about 50%.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Two things which contributed to loss of his hearing was a conductor pulling on his ear and, a conductor clapping his ears for setting the bagage car on fire it was only an accident. Soon after he left this job. A station agent taught him telegraph code and procedures, and at age 15, Edison became manager of a telegraph office. His first inventions were the transmitter and receiver for the automatic telegraph. At 21, Edison made improvements on the stock ticker for printing stock-exchange quotations.

With the $40,000 he was paid for the improvements in tickers, he established real laboratory in Newark, N.J. Deciding to give up manufacturing, he moved the laboratory to Menlo Park, N.J., where he was in charge of groups of employees working on various projects. In 1878, Edison started work on an electric lamp and looked for things that could be electrically heated to incandescence in a vacuum. At first he used platinum wire in glass bulbs at 10 volts.He realized, however, that independent lamp control would be necessary for home and office use. He then developed a three-wire system with a supply of 220 volts. Each lamp operated at 110 volts, but the higher voltage required a new substance other than that of platinum. Edison conducted an extensive search for another filament material, on Oct.

21, 1879, he showed a lamp useing a carbonized cotton thread that glowed for 40 hours. Edison made the first large power station on Pearl Street in New York City in 1882; its steam-driven generators of 900 horsepower gave enough power for 7,200 lamps. The success of this station led to the construction of many other power stations. Edison founded The Edison Electric Light Company in 1878, which eventually merged with other companies into the General Electric Company in 1892, one of the largest U.S. manufacturers.It still is around today. During his experiments on the light bulb, Edison saw a flow of electricity from a hot filament across a vacuum to a metal wire.

This is known as thermionic emission.Which he did the improvments on. Edison also invented the phonograph in 1877, the invention he was most proud of. It used tinfoil and wax cylinders to record the sound. His introduction of flexible celluloid film and his invention of the movie projector aided the development of motion pictures. His other inventions are the alkaline storage battery, a magnetic process to separate iron ore, and the carbon microphone.

Later on in life he bacame close friends with henry Ford. He helped Ford on the battery and other things on the Ford Modle T.Edison injoyed his later years and got a home in Florida which he whent to alot. He died in West Orange, N.J., on Oct. 18, 1931, he had patented over 1,000 inventions. Edison was one of the best inventors of of his time and ours.

He is most famous for his development of the first commercially practical incandescent lamp in1879. One of his greatest contributions, however, was the of the world’s first central electric light-power station.Other great inventions were phonograph, motion picture camera,microphone, and the light bulb. Technology Essays.

x

Hi!
I'm Adrienne!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out