The Roswell Incident

The Roswell Incident: Fact, Fiction or Military Cover Up?
Some time in July of 1947, a mysterious flying object zigzagged across the skies of New Mexico. Within twenty-four hours the object disappeared from radar just as mysteriously as it had appeared. It was last seen in a small town in the middle of the Arizona desert, it’s name, Roswell.

The Roswell incident is one of the most publicized and well-known accounts of a possible UFO crash in the world. Perhaps the greatest evidence that a UFO did indeed crash near Roswell, is the wide scale military cover up that took place after the crash. This along with numerous eyewitness accounts of the crash site, prove that what ever happened in the summer of 1947, was certainly not a normal occurrence.

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The story begins on Tuesday July 1, 1947, when one Steven Mackenzie, who was stationed in Roswell at the time, was ordered to track an unknown flying object. By Wednesday the object was over Roswell. On Thursday afternoon officials from Roswell were flown in to observe the activity. Then on Friday the object completely disappeared from radar and was thought to have crashed. On Saturday July 5th a rancher, by the name of William “Mac” Brazel, discovered the wreckage on his ranch a few miles outside Roswell. Brazel reported the debris to the local sheriff, Gorge A. Wilcox, who then in
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turn reported it to military officials. Major Jesse A. Marcel was shown some of the debris by Brazel. Marcel returned to the base to consult with his superiors and is quoted
as having said, “something unusual had occurred” (Dudley 31). The debris was soon removed from Brazel’s ranch and a land and air search was conducted by the military.

Early Thursday morning Marcel was authorized to give this press release:
The many rumors regarding the flying disc became a reality yesterday when the intelligence office of the 509th Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force Roswell Army Air Field, was fortunate enough to gain possession of a disc through the co-operation of one of the local ranchers and the sheriff’s office of Chaves county
…It was inspected at the Roswell Army Air Field and subsequently loaned by Major Marcel to higher headquarters. (qtd. in Berlitz 24)
These two small paragraphs quickly made their way around the world via newspapers, magazines and radio. At the same time officials from Washington were learning of the events of July 4th and 5th, they immediately sent Deputy Chief of the Army Air Force, Lt. General Hoyt S. Vandenberg, to take control of the news coming out of Roswell. It was with Vandenberg’s arrival that the military cover up began. Within a few hours the associated press was told that Marcel had been mistaken and that infact it was a weather balloon that had crashed not a UFO. Journalists were permitted to take photographs of the debris. Years later researchers Kevin D. Randle and Donald R. Schmitt discovered that “The original debris was replaced by balloon wreckage.minutes before newsmen were ushered in.”(Dudley 32)
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Some of the most intrigueing information about the Roswell incident comes from eyewitnesses. The military cover up did not come out until years later
because “Some of the eyewitnesses say they were told at the time by military personell that they, and members of their families, would be killed if they ever talked about what
they had seen.”(Wright 107)
Bill Brazel’s son remembers his father being held for eight days by the military and was only released after promising to keep quite. When his son enquired about the incident he was told that he was safer not knowing. Bill Brazel is quoted as having said “I’m sure what I saw was not any kind of weather observation balloon.” (Dudley 36) Brazel was also persuaded by the military to give a statement to the press changing his earlier account on the minerals he had found. Frank Joyce, a radio announcer for a Roswell station, confirms that Brazel’s story was “Significantly”(Dudley 36) different after he was in military custody. Joyce asked Brazel about this, Brazel admitted to changing his story, He said that he was told to do so “or else” (Dudley 36).

In 1978 Major Jesse Marcel broke his silence on the incident and stated he had “been muzzled by the military “(Wright 106) and forced to say he was mistaken in thinking it was a UFO. Marcel was interviewed in 1980, and shown photographs that were taken by newsmen in 1947. Marcel said, ” that’s not the stuff I found on the ranch.” Marcel swore to his dieing day that what he had seen on Bill Brazels ranch was “not of this earth.”(Wright 107)
Eyewitnesses not only clamed to have seen what they thought was an alien ship, but alien bodies as well. Among these is Lt. Col. Albert L. Duran, who admitted seeing
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small bodies and Sgt. Melvin E. Brown, who told his family that he had helped transport the bodies to a hanger in Roswell. The bodies were most often described as “smaller than human”(Dudley 35) with “large heads and eyes”(Dudley 36)
Finally, in 1997, the US military admitted to lying about the object being a weather balloon. Instead they claim that the wreckage was part of a “top-secret experiment”(Mitton 11) involving some sort of balloon. Steve MacKenzie’s response, “if the object he tracked had been a weather balloon, secret or not, his superiors would have ordered him to ignore it.”(Dudley 35)
Whether or not the Roswell incident truly involved a UFO remains unclear. How ever, the military cover-up only served to fuel the fire of our imaginations. Interest continues to grow, as questions remain unanswered. Even Bill Clinton has been quoted as saying “If the United States Air Force did recover alien bodies, they didn’t tell me about it either, and I want to know”(qtd. in Wright 105).

The Roswell Incident

The Roswell Incident
Edward OBrien
March 13, 1997
CP-11 Period 6
Thesis: The Roswell Incident, which enlightened our minds to the
capacity of excepting, has remained one of the most
controversial issues issues today.

I. Introduction to Extraterrestrials
A. Standpoints on Extraterrestrials
1. Society’s
a. Past
b. Present
2. Government’s
a. Past
b. Present
II. Roswell, New Mexico
A. What Exactly Happened
1. Who Discovered the Wreckage
2. Discoveries
3. Bodies
B. Testing in Roswell, New Mexico
1. Military Testing in Roswell
III. The Cover-up
A. Wreckage
1. UFO
2. Bodies
B. The Weather Balloon
1. The Balloon
a. Composite of the Balloon
C. Witnesses
1. The Nurses at Roswell, AAF
2. The Yearbook
IV. Alien Autopsy
A. Bodies
B. Authenticity
V. Conclusion
A. Controversy Continues
B. Final Thoughts
The Roswell Incident
The Roswell Incident, which enlightened our minds to the capacity of
excepting all, has remained one of the most controversial issues today. In
Roswell, New Mexico, 1947, a strange occurrence arises. An alien craft from
outer space crashed in an open field. The issue lay still for almost thirty
years, until the thought of a government cover-up arose.

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Society’s opinions have changed over the years. Previous to the 1990’s,
people have despised the thought of sharing the universe with other intelligent
life forms. Now people are interested in this mysterious phenomenon. People
think it is the blame of the movies and television. By watching this, people are
at a level at which they understand. Not only do these movies entertain, they
inform people about the little information we obtained from the government.

The thought of government cover-ups have been long discussed. The
government has always, in the past, tried to keep any sign of aliens, whether it
be pictures from space, to crashes on earth, to a low or nonexistent level. Just
recently has the government been harassed to the point where they actually gave
us clues to alien existence. It has in some ways been believed that the
government has worked in partnership with popular movie directors, to produce
alien movies to ease the thought that we may not be alone. Such movies as The
Arrival and the ever popular Independence Day are very good examples of well
convincing alien movies. If this is true, they did a good job, because
statistics state that 75% of people today believe that there is some kind of
intelligent life forms besides ourselves in the universe. That is very
convincing compared to the 20% whom believed 25 years ago. New opinions are
always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they
are not already common. (MacGowan 261)
A local New Mexico rancher, MacBrazel, while riding out in the morning
to check his sheep after a long night of thunderstorms, discovered a
considerable amount of debris. It created a gouge several hundred feet long and
was scattered over a large area. Some of the debris had strange physical
properties. He took some debris to show his neighbors then his son. Soon after
that he notified the sheriff. The sheriff then contacted the authorities at
Roswell Army Air Field Base. The are was closed off and the debris was
eventually flown by B-29 and C-54 aircraft to Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio. A
New York Daily News article says …either conclusive proof extraterrestrials
have indeed visited earth, or one of the most elaborate hoaxes ever perpetuated
on the public….. (Dominquez). Besides the wreckage that was found, there
were three objects which were highly debated about. Three bodies, two found dead,
the other to die in a couple of weeks. Whether or not the bodies were actually
found, is only determined by the few witnesses who claim to have seen the bodies.

A few of these people turned out to be very highly respected military officers.

Some people say that the bodies were human which have been exposed to the
radiation. This radiation could have been caused, due to nuclear weapons that
Roswell Army Air Base had been testing, since they were at the time the only
squadron which had authorization to nuclear weapons. This theory was discounted
by most, saying that this kind of deformation would have caused a human being to
die before such damage could occur. Albert Einstein once said: ….I am
convinced that, there is an absolute truth. If there can’t be absolute truth,
there cannot be a relative truth. (MacGowan 289) The government has been blamed
with covering up this whole event. They have been claimed to have shipped off
the wreckage to Dayton, Ohio, to avoid publicity. Which is normal, to prevent a
worldwide panic. The bodies however, were not as lucky to have not become public,

The government has, and will always say that the wreckage found was a
secret spy balloon. The people who have seen the wreckage, and believe that’s
what it was, describe it as a bundle of tinfoil, broken wood, beams , and rubber
remnants of a balloon. Most discount this because, why would the government be
messing around with balloons, if they were exploring the characteristics of jet
fighters. Yes, the wreckage did seem like tin foil, at first, until you held the
material, which if you bent, twisted, and did anything you dreamed up of, would
still return to its original shape. They have tried to burn and shoot through it
and had unsuccessfully destroyed it. It is thought that the government has used
this to they’re benefit, and discovered its properties to use on future planes,
but this has not yet been yet proven, since no planes known are this

Glenn Davis, a respected business man in Roswell, was called by a
friend, General Exon, asked how to seal and preserve bodies that have been
exposed to the alien materials. Davis did not know the answer to this question,
since he did not know much of the incident. Later that night he made a trip to
the base hospital, outside the back entrance he spotted two military vans with
the rear doors open, from which large pieces of wreckage protruded. Once inside
he encountered a young nurse whom which he knew, at the same instance, he was
noticed by military police which escorted him from the building.

The next day he met up with the nurse at a coffee shop. She explained
that she had been called upon to help two doctors disect to small bodies, which
she thought to be alien. She drew a diagram on a napkin showing an outline of
thier features. That meeting was to be thier last; as she was transferred to
England a few days later. Today the nurse would be sixty-nine years old.

Investigators are trying to locate her. Five nurses are pictured in the 1947
Roswell Air Field yearbook. The files of all five are strangely missing from
military records.

A couple of years ago a report on Fox television network broadcasted a
show called Alien Autopsy. This show was mainly about what happened to the
bodies which were recovered from the Roswell crash site. Bodies were showed
being dissected on video tape. The whole process of the dissection is like this:
One of the two people first examined the body. He then with a surgical knife,
cut open the neck down to the belly, and took out the organs. As for the head,
he found that the eyes of this body were covered with two black membranes, which
were easily removed with tweezers. Lastly, he cut open the scull and took out
the brain. The other person seemed to be responsible for recording the whole

People at first thought this whole movie was a joke until they opened
the bodies up. Steven Speilberg even stated :There is no way these bodies
could be fake , due to the high complexity of the inner organs, not only would
it have been impossible then, it also practically impossible to replicate them
now, and if it were possible it would cost us millions of dollars to replicate,
or even try to replicate them. Kodak film company has done their own testing on
the actual film on which the footage had been filmed. They had verified that the
film was made in the 1940’s. In the film, when it zoomed up on the bodies,
blurred. This was thought to purposely done to hide detail, but in fact cameras
in the 1940’s had no focus on objects that were to close to it. There were even
people who are claimed to be eyewitnesses of the crash of the UFO in Roswell,
and strongly believed that the body appeared in this film, was one of the three
found in this incident.

Even though there is a lot of information which points to the program
being real, there is a lot which point to its falsehood. The government wanted
to keep this at a very low-key. They still insisted that the crash in Roswell
was still a military balloon. However, a congressman wanted the government to
open all the document related to the Roswell Incident, the reply was that all of
documents were destroyed! What did the government want to cover? If they wanted
to cover the fact that aliens came to earth, why did they let the show air to
the public? Of course, if the film is false, it doesn’t matter.

There also some differences in the body in the broadcast, and the
descriptions from the witnesses. The most obvious is of which the fingers in the
movie have six fingers and toes, while the witnesses from Roswell said they had
only four. It is said that the UFO had exploded in the air, if that were the
case, then the bodies would have been severely burned. In Alien Autopsy, the
only injury on the body, was the cut on the right leg. The dissection room in
which it was taken was much too simple. The people in the movie are wearing
normal dissection clothes, if it were a true alien, then why not try to prevent
yourselves from catching some out of this world disease. Lastly , people say
that the bodies are to similar to human bodies, and that the bodies just might
be abnormal humans. Like many people do, we think aliens may look similar to us.

By chance there may be aliens that resemble us, or we may resemble them.

For obvious reasons, it is necessary that the military services and the
intelligence agencies impose a certain amount of secrecy. In recent decades,
however, many observers say: that the use of government secrecy has become
excessive. Secrecy tantamount to power and, like power, lends itself to abuse.

Behind the shield of secrecy, it is possible for an agency or service to avoid
scrutiny and essentially operate outside the law. Accountability to the
taxpayers, and to the Congress, can be conveniently avoided. Perhaps this is a
major reason the U.S. annual black budget has climbed to a staggering $25
billion a year. Secrecy, like power, is not readily relinquished.

As we all know we will never know the true story of which happened in
Roswell, New Mexico in 1947, but it is up to us to decide for ourselves.



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