The Life And Death Of Edgar Allan Poe

.. as; compassionate, a fatherly man who acted from the “goodness of his heart”, and as Edgar also stated: “He has always been kind to me.

” Edgar even trusted him with his real name and age. Even though he progressed in the army, Edgar felt that he wanted to leave. He had signed for five years but Howard promised to discharge him since he heard about Edgar’s problems with his orphan hood, and the problems at the university and John Allan. Howard would, however, only let him leave if he settled his differences with John Allan.

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Lieutenant Howard wrote a letter to John Allan explaining the situation to which John Allan replied: “he had better remain as he is until the termination of his enlistment.” Edgar then wrote to John Allan himself, explaining that he had made a mistake when he joined the Army but partly blamed Allan for it. He also stated that he had become a better man.Edgar’s sense of poetry could be noticed in this letter in the following quote: “I have thrown myself on the world, like a Norman conqueror on the shores of Britain &, by my avowed assurance of victory, have destroyed the fleet which could alone cover my retreat – I must either conquer or die — succeed or be disgraced.” John Allan did not reply, and three weeks later Edgar wrote him again, summarizing what he had said before and pretended like Allan had never received the letter. Once again Edgar did not get a reply.

After another six weeks, now after Edgar’s twentieth birthday, he wrote again but this time he asked for John Allan’s help to enter West Point, stating he wanted to further his career as a soldier. No one knows if h received a reply to this letter but reconciliation was is the offing. Fanny Allan’s Death (1827-1829 continued) In his letters to John Allan, Edgar asked how Fanny was doing. The fact was that she was seriously ill and no improvement was to be seen. She eventually died February 28, 1829, at the age of forty-four.On her deathbed she wished to see Edgar but he was not able to arrive until the night after her burial in Shockoe Hill Cemetery (where Jane Stanard was also buried). Edgar felt guilty for leaving Fanny in her bad condition and once wrote: “I have had fearful warning & have hardly ever known before what distress was.” Fanny’s death had softened John Allan and he bought Edgar a suit of black clothes, some hosiery, and a knife a hat and a pair of gloves.

He also said that he had not received Edgar’s letters and agreed to support him in leaving the Army and enter West Point, but more importantly he promised to forgive Edgar for everything. As Edgar went back to Old Point Comfort he wrote John Allan that except for Fanny’s death he felt “much happier than I have for a long time.” Less Happiness and more Writing Soon after his reconciliation with John Allan, Edgar obtained an appointment to West Point. But Allan soon remarried; Edgar lost all hopes of Allan’s support and he left West Point because the service was an inappropriate career for a young man of little means.

Although he romanticized about his forbears and pretended to have set off for Greece and St. Petersburg in some idealized aristocratic pursuit of freedom during his years in the army, it is clear that he faced, from age twenty-two, a life of struggle and poverty. In 1831, Edgar published new collection of poems. He spent most of the next four years in Baltimore living with his aunt, Maria Clemm, and her daughter, Virginia. These were difficult times letters to John Allan indicate Edgar feared imprisonment for debt and mentioned that he was dying for want of help.During this period, Edgar was writing stories and selling them to magazines in Baltimore and Philadelphia.

When he became editor of the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond in 1835, Edgar found his dream job: editor, critic and contributor to a series of magazines, each of which flourished under his guidance. Edgar married Virginia in 1836. (He was about twenty-six and she was about thirteen!) With Maria Clemm they formed a household which, in 1837, moved from Richmond to New York where Edgar briefly owned his own magazine.

It was in New York that Virginia died of tuberculosis in 1847.The Death of Edgar Allan Poe Following Virginia’s death, Edgar quickly disintegrated, returning to Richmond in 1849 still preoccupied with the goal of his lifetime: owning his own magazine. Setting off to New York soon after to visit Mrs. Clemm, his hopes still high for the future, Edgar traveled no farther than Baltimore. There he died in delirium of “acute congestion of the brain” and was buried near his grandfather in the Presbyterian cemetery. Conclusion Exactly how long Edgar lived in the small brick house now connected to 530 North 7th St.is unknown.

Apparently, he moved into this house sometime between the fall of 1842 and 1843 and left in April 1844. Like all of Poe’s homes, this one was rented. It may or may not have been furnished when Poe, his wife Virginia his mother-in-law, Maria Clemm, and their cat, Catterina, moved in. Whatever furniture they used or purchased has disappeared without a trace. The importance of this house lies in its location and its connection to Edgar Allan Poe.During the entire six years that Poe lived in Philadelphia, he attained his greatest successes as an editor and critic, and he published some of his most famous tales, including, “The Gold Bug,” “The Fall of the House of Usher,” “The Tell-Tale Heart.” and “”The Murders in the Rue Morgue.” Of his several Philadelphia homes, only this one survives.

It serves as a tangible link with Poe and his days of greatness in Philadelphia. For this reason, it is fitting that Congress chose this site as our nation’s memorial to Edgar Allan Poe. One would think that Poe would be mostly remembered for his powerful tales, but much of his international reputation is because of his critical acuteness, which pointed in equally new directions. Poe was among the first to recognize the tendency of the age toward “the curt, the condensed, the pointed, the readily diffused.” In a famous critical piece, Poe recognized Hawthorne as one of our “few men of indisputable genius;” he went on to formulate his famous conception of the short story, which must be designed for “a single effect” and every word of which must be made count.

One popular variety that can be traced back to Poe, science fiction, was seen more as a joke to Poe’s generation. Orson Welles’ radio broadcast of a Martian landing is a later example of the American practical joke or tall-story tradition. In “The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall” in which Poe attempted an ingenious simulation of a balloon flight to the moon or in “A Decent into the Maelstrom,” Poe’s imaginative science and pseudo-science made for compelling pieces of fiction, which led to future amplification in the work of such writers as Jules Verne, Isaac Asimov and Arthur Clarke. Another popular form, which Poe created, was the treasure-mystery combination with built in clues, which Robert Louis Stevenson later made the most of on.

This type of story has been essential youth reading for years, but was badly developed until “The Gold Bug” was published.Poe is understandably famous for his tales of terror; his “arabesques” as he called them, in contrast with his “grotesques” to humorous satires on Gothic works. From “Morella”, the first of his treatments of the death and terrifying rebirth of a beautiful woman which was to find its most compelling expression in “The Fall of the House of Usher”, Poe used his awesome imaginative power. In such tales as “The Black Cat”, “The Imp of the Perverse” and “The Pit and the Pendulum”, Poe developed his ability to convey imagined horror by making it immediately physical. I cannot write this paper without mentioning one of Poe’s most famous writings. In the poem, “The Raven”, Poe used many different elements as symbols.

A raven is usually a sign of something dark and sinister. A raven is also a sign of death. This poem also deals with losing hope, even though the narrator has no right to have even a small amount. This poem deals with his lost love Lenore, and how the raven torments him into insanity. Throughout the poem, the narrator is tormented by his lost love, Lenore, who came back in the form of a raven. Of course, it is only speculated that he killed her, but there are many clues that he has.

He has only little hope of seeing Lenore again, “as the ambers show in the fire.” He was also so ridden by guilt that he that he was haunted by the image of her, the raven. Also, the raven speaks one word, “Nevermore.” This shows the narrator is being punished for something he did.

His punishment is immortality, which explains why he would never see Lenore again. Lenore is punishing him for what he did to her. She drives him into insanity, and the pain of knowing he will be lonely and insane forever is her retribution.

Then, there is the knocking, a sign of endless guilt. The knocking goes on and on, driving him into insanity. The knocking jumbles his thoughts, making him confused.

Lenore wants him to suffer as much as he possibly can. She kept tapping at the door and then the window in order to make him never forget his guilt.Poe used all of the right elements to portray a man tormented by guilt. The raven only crushed the faint hope of ever seeing his love again. Also, the one worded phrasing that the raven speaks is also a sign of guilt, which is tormenting the narrator.

Then, there is the knocking, the repetitive knocking that begins to drive him insane. Poe portrayed a guilt-ridden man very well in this poem.Because of the power of Poe’s narrative voice, many of his tales are indelible.

Poe’s imaginative sociology in “The Man of the Crowd” “will tell you more about loneliness in the crowd than David Riesman did.” The psychological analysis in “William Wilson” is an excellent and frightening exploration off split personality two generations before Freud. Poe’s approach to literature, his famous method which emphasized strict artistic control rather than the spontaneous overflow of powerful emotion, earned him the homage of the French symbolists such as Baudelaire who spent 14 years translating his writings. A phrase in Marginalia, “my heart laid bare” became the title of Baudelaire’s journal, while another phrase “the orange ray of the spectrum and the buzz of a gnat .. affect me with nearly similar sensations” was reflected in Baudelaire’s epoch making sonnet “Correspondences.

” Poe’s greatest influence comes about in the murder mystery.He can be said to have invented it when he published “The Murders in the Rue Morgue.” Although murders in fiction existed before Poe, his preoccupation with the ingenious solution of the crime established in his tales of ratiocination changed the emphasis from the acts to getting the facts. Poe’s clever and strange detective Dupin, who also appeared in “The Mystery of Marie Roget,” and “The Purloined Letter,” is the identifiable ancestor of Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes, Agatha Christie’s Hurcule Poirot, Erle Stanley Gardner’s Perry Mason and all those other heroes whose minds are “resolvent and creative.” (E.

A. Poe) Bibliography Bibliography Mabbott, Thomas Ollive, Collected Works of Edgar Allan, Volume I, Poems, Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1969 Quinn, Arthur Hobson, Edgar Allan Poe: A Critical Biography, New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1941 Thomas, Dwight and David K.Jackson, The Poe Log: A Documentary Life of Edgar Allan Poe 1809-1849, Boston: G. K.

Hall and Co., 1987 www.helpwurld.com — Edgar Allan Poe www.oracleorange.com — Edgar Allan Poe Biography www.poedecoder.com — The Army and the Death of Fanny Allan www.poesattic.com — Edgar Allan Poe 1809-1849 www.poedecoder.com — Edgar’s Teens History Essays.