Dreaming and Sleeping
Dreams and dreaming is an important part of our lives. Theyre a reliable source
of insight, personal enrichment, and life affirming revelations. Dreams are the language
of a person’s subconscious mind. Before a person starts to dream, there are certain
cycles or stages that a person goes through in their sleep. Sleeping is important to our
Many people spend about twenty five years sleeping and dreaming. There are
four-ninety minute stages of sleep that a person goes through a night. To begin with
stage one. This is when breathing is regular, heart rate slows down, and blood pressure
decreases. A person could still be awake during this stage. Slowly the person drifts to
stage two. During this stage, the person is unaware of what is going on in the outside
surroundings. As the person falls deeper into sleep, the person goes into stage three
and four. It is harder to wake someone up when they reached this stage. It takes about
an hour for a person to go through all four stages. Yet, not everyone goes through all of
these stages a night. Throughout the night, stages four and five repeated. REM (rapid
eye movement) takes place when a person is at the deepest level of sleep. In REM,
eyes move quickly under the eyelid. Dreaming takes place at this stage. Dreams occur
more often and they are more real at this stage. These dreams are story like, intense,
and passionate. (Encarta-psychology, CD-ROM)
There are many ways to look at dreams. The psychoanalytic, biological, and
cognitive views of dreaming. In psychoanalytic view, Freud came up with a theory called
the “wish-fulfillment theory.” Wish-fulfillment theory is ” dream a interpretation that
emphasizes the roles of the manifestation content of dreams” (Huffman, Vernoy, and
Vernoy, 139). In a psychoanalytic view, they say that dreams are hidden signs of
suppresses needs. In a biological perspective, they believe that dreams are not
important- they are stimulation of brain cells. In a cognitive view, they believe dreams
are an important part of information processing. (Huffman,Vernoy,and Vernoy, 140)
There are no proven facts on why we dream. This is why there are a lot to go with these
theories on dreaming. There alot of dream theorists that wrote on why people dream.
Freud was always enchanted by dreams. He believed that all dreams are meaningful. In
Freuds theory, he wrote that dreams carry our hidden desires. Jung, another person
who wrote about dreaming said that dreams carry meaning and that these dreams can
be interpreted by the dreamer. (www.landow.brown.edu)
There are many theories about dreams yet, Freud’s theory stands out the most.
He believed that a dream portrays an on going wish with the previous days activities.
People might also dream about wishes that they had as a child. Freud also believed
that nothing is made up in a dream. They are biologically determined and obtained from
persons needs and personal experiences. The most interesting ideas among his theory
is dream occurrence. Dream will occur when the unconscious is bound to the
preconscious instead of just being removed. If there is too much going through a
person’s mind regression or repression, a dream will take place.
Jung disagreed with Freud’s theory and developed his own theory. Jung believed
the most effective method for a dream interpretation was the use of series correlation.
Freud did not believe that the dreamer could interpret their own dream. He believed that
only trained psychologists could interpret dreams (www.landow.brown.edu). Jung also
categorized the mind into three parts- the collective unconscious, the personal
unconscious, and the conscious.(www.cgjung.com) The collective unconscious does
not depend on personal experiences. The personal unconscious holds forgotten
associations, unnoticed experiences, repressed, and discarded thoughts and half
thoughts. The conscious develops through sensing, thinking, and intuition.
A dream can also be translated yet it involves several stages. The first stage involves
clear understanding of dream structure. In every dream, there is a dreamer. The
dreamer represents consciousness and the psyche. The person represent their
awareness and perspective of life. The second stage involves understanding the
influences producing dream content. Dreams influences affecting the person’s
subliminally. These inferences affecting the person’s life and consciousness. A person’s
dream is a product of subliminal influence. Understanding dream description is the third
stage of dream translation. (Encarta, Psychology, CDROM) This stage is the most
difficult to understand.
Our social and cultural differences affect dreams and how we perceive certain
dream images when we are awake. However, there are two rules of dream translation.
The first rule is that all dream images are representations. Words are not used, the
subconscious mind has metaphoric images. The second rule is that all dream images
reflect something mental. Dreams occur in a mental domain. The objects and people in
a person’s dream are not physical images, they are mental images.
The final stage involves the order of the process and the context of dream
imagery. When a person is trying to remember their dream they are remembering
series of images. All the images from the entire dream is needed to translate the
meaning of the dream. Studying the whole dream is more important than to understand
only one image of a dream. Reviewing dreams is conditions, challenges of life and how
we view ourselves. These dreams show how we evolve through our life experiences.
Many people believe that theories on dreaming is pointless. Some believe that dreams
are meaningless to us and just another thing that is part of our lives. Yet, there are
other who say dreams are either the clearing of fragments from our memory that was
stored. However, there are other people who do not believe it and argue against it.
(Encarta, Psychology, CDROM)These people say the dreams are important to live a full
and complete life. It is difficult for us to study dreams and how they work while were
sleeping. People can only decide for themselves and believe what they was to believe
in. Only the dreamer can determine what is right or wrong.
I. Introduction to sleep
A. Introduction statement
II. Typical sleep cycle
A. stages of sleep
B. dreaming sleep
III. Theories of sleep
A. Freuds theory
B. Jungs theory
VI. Understanding dreams
A. Self understandin
B. Scientific understanding
1.Encarta Psychology CD ROM
2.Karen Huffman, Mark Vernoy, Judith Vernoy PSYCHOLOGY IN ACTION
Wiley John and Son. Inc. COPYRIGHT 1999
3.The CG Jung page
4. The Sigmund Freud page
Ps: to the person who gets this i got this with no bibliography or outline and every word
and sentence was wrong but i did no reasearch and thats the part that worked for me
and i used the internet to fine suitable pages and book titles hehe well hope your
teacher likes it Words
/ Pages : 1,089 / 24