Saskatchewan Saskatchewan is a land of resources, wealth, and beauty. Its name is derived from a Cree word meaning “rapid river”. Land Saskatchewan is 651,900 sq. km. in area, half of it is forests, and one third of it is cultivated lands.
In southern Saskatchewan average temperatures range from 0-65 degrees farenheight. In Northern Saskatchewan temperatures range from 23-57 degrees farenheight. Grayling, trout, pike, and pickeral are found in the northern lakes, while mule, deer, elk, moose, and long tail deer are found in the north. People Saskatchewan has a population of about one million people. Its largest cities are Moose Jaw, Prince Albert, Regina, and Saskatoon. Saskatchewan is the only province that doesnt have a majority of French or British background.
There are large segements of Scandanavian, German, and Ukrainian. Plus about 70,000 natives live in the province. Saskatchewans largest religious groups are the Lutheran, the Anglican denominations, and the Roman catholic. Government Saskatchewans government consists of a lieutenant govener (Sylvia O. Fedoruk), a premier (Roy Romanow and New Democratic party), a parliament (6 senate members, 10 new democrats, and 4 conservatives), and a provincial legistator (64 members). Saskatchewan was admitted to the confederation on Sept.1, 1905 with Alberta, the eighth and ninth provinces.
Saskatchewan politics were dominated by the liberal party from 1905 to 1944, when the CCF defeated them, they ruled until 1964, when the liberals were returned to power. The new democratic party won, the Progressive Conservatives defeated CCF in 1982, but regained power in 1991. History Tribes of Algonquin, Siouan, and Athapaskan were the first known people in Saskatchewan. Charles 11 gave Prince Ruperts Land to the Hudson Bay Company in 1670. About 1690 the first European visitor came to the area, his name was Henery Kelsey.
Homesteading was encouraged by the transfer of Prince Ruperts Land and the completion of a rail link to central Canada in the 1880s. Rapid growth associated with agricultual settlement led to the creation of Saskatchewan. In 1921 Saskatchewans population was ranked just behind Quebec and Ontario. The Saskatchewan Wheat Pool, started in 1924, is still in business and continues to dominate farm marketing there. Natural Resources Saskatchewan has many natural resources.
Petroleum and coal are being developed rapidly, Saskatchewans potash reserves are among the worlds largest. The rivers have abundent hydro-electric power, and the rich soils and northern forests are major resources for the province. The province has 14,000 oil wells that produce 12% of Canadas oil output. Saskatchewan mainly produces oil, uranium, potash, coal, and lumber.