.. d 23000 tons of food in that year. Cereal commercial imports about 25000 tons and food aid is about 140 tons(fao.
org/giews/english/basedocs/rwa/rwaaidle.s tm) What happened in Rwanda is that in 1995 the amount of food aid and cereal commercial imports was greater than their food production. As a result, the population growth in Rwanda threatened peoples lives because the food production could not satisfy all the people needs. In addition, food and resources are not often distributed evenly among the human society; this means that poor people are the ones who will be starving. Also, most of the food that grows in developing countries is for the exportation to developed countries, resulting no food left for the people in developing countries.When population increases in those developing countries, people in the risk of hunger increase, and the condition becomes severe. As a result, their death rates are much higher than developed countries, since people in developed countries have the financial ability to purchase food from others. Although developed countries may not able to produce food for themselves, because of inadequate farmlands, they can import food from developing countries in order to satisfy their needs.
The reason for developed countries to import food from others is because those countries have such a large population, and they cannot produce enough food for themselves. When the human population in the world exceeds the amount of food supply, food shortage or famine will occur, which is what happened in Rwanda. I pointed out that before China, only three countries-Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan-were densely populated before they industrialized. Within 30 years, each had lost more than 40 percent of its grain land.And since the huge losses could not be offset by productivity gains, grain output fell in Japan by 32 percent and in both South Korea and Taiwan by 24 percent. Add to this equation the widespread demand by the suddenly affluent populations for greater diversity in their diets, and the three countries went from being largely self-sufficient to collectively importing 71 percent of their grain needs. In no case was the heavy dependence on imports a conscious policy goal, but rather it was the result of industrialization in a region of land scarcity. (techreview.
com/articles/nov95/Brown) Food scarcity not only occurs in developing countries, but also developed country. It occurs in those developed countries because those countries need lands to develop their society. There are less lands for grow crops; therefore those countries have heavy dependence on import food from other countries.Food aid is provided for the developing countries because food is unevenly distributed in those countries. It is estimated that more than 800 million people, most of them in developing countries, do not have enough food to meet their basic nutritional needs.
(techreview.com/articles/nov95/Brown) It happens not just because of food shortages, but the fact is that food aid sometimes cannot reach the famine victims. There are many reasons for that, for example, food aid is sent to the military to support soldiers, or to the government who keeps the food for the black market.
In order for food donations to reach famine victims, many sides have to work right. Port facilities must be adequate; warehousing must be sufficient to store the food safely until it can be distributed.The entire process must function smoothly in order to help the hungry people. In the Ethiopian famines of the mid 1980s in a terrible civil war often used donated food as a weapon, preventing it from reaching starving people.(Ehrlich 80) Even if food aid is sent to a particular place, the transportation process must run smoothly in order to still help those famine victims. Global production of staple food declined slightly in 1998, with most of the decline being in cereals, although developing country cereal production increased moderately. Global end cereal stocks for the 1998/99 seasons are forecast to decline slightly.
(fao.org/docrep/meeting/X1729e.htm#P874159) As Malthus said, the imbalance between population growth and food production has lead to misery and vice. Therefore a large numbers of countries continue to face food emergencies and, as a result, civil strife occurs.In Mexico, Zapatistas struggle to maintain their everyday life because of their civil strife.
The elite groups take advantage of poor farmers. They export their food to other countries or sell it locally for an extremely high price. According to the newspaper in Mexico, Antonio was a 45-year-old man with two children and he was afraid solders would kill him if he went to harvest by himself. The elite groups take all the crops, leaving poor people with no money to buy medicine or other daily necessaries. The same situation is occurring in Chiapas right now.
The wealthy people take the majority of food that grows in that area either for export or sell it in the black market. Even the food staying in Chiapas, it is not enough to feed the local people. This is because Chiapas have a large population but a small food supply. The people in Chiapas are starving, since they have nothing to lose, they try their best to fight the military, which creates tragedy. Malthus principle is right because all the countries with violent upheavals in the 1980s and 90s were the ones that showed the highest growth rate in the 60s.Every country where bloody internecine civil wars have occurred in recent years had a huge population preceding conflict.(npg.org/projects/malthus/geyer story.
) It is evident that Malthuss principle of population is right because he said, the superior power of population cannot be checked without producing misery or vice. When the gap between the human population and food production grows larger and larger, it creates big problems for human beings, such as food shortages, malnutrition, famine, civil strife, etc. When taking this into account, Malthuss principle of population is evident and his fundamental analysis of population is realistic and possible. In Chiapas and Mexico, civil strife has been brewing for years because the people in Chiapas are starving. High population growth, and the degradation of agricultural land results environmental scarcity and the unfair access to resources by the majority of citizens.Food shortages create lots of problems, such as civil strife, which is happening in Chiapas, and also Sierra Leone, Burundi, Kenya, etc.
The majority of hungry people live in developing countries since they are considered less important than people in developed countries. Even though Malthus principle was printed about 201 years ago, generally, his principle is proven right today. Studies have shown that countries, which have huge populations, will experience misery. If human beings still ignore the problem of the population growth and the food supply, other problems will follow, such as civil strife and food shortages. Furthermore, rapid population growth may affect poverty by affecting the correlates of poverty: low wages, lack of human capital such as education and health, and lack of income earning assets such as land; income inequality and loss of economic growth.The only way to solve the problem between the population growth and the food supply is to reduce our population by using contraceptive tools.
The other way is to distribute our food evenly to all people around the world. If food were distributed evenly to all people, famine will not happen. Now, it is time to face reality. It is time to change our world.It is time to solve our problem.