Night: Critical Analysis Essay on Elie’s Relationship with his FatherThe Book Night begins in a small town, Sighet, in Transylvania. The narrator/author of the book is Elie Wiesel. Elie is a child and a fairly devout Orthodox Jew during the time of World War 2. Night occurs in the 1940s when Hitler has begun to invade Hungry and slowly takes over Sighet and deports Elie and his family.

Elie and his father have a very strong relationship in the beginning and throughout the book, although this relationship does transform as the two go through more and more. Towards the end of the book Elie begins to feel that his father is a burden and consequently feel’s guilt because of this.In the beginning of the book Elie looks up to his father because his father is a respected member of the Jewish community in Sighet. His father was not in favor of Elie’s decision to study mysticism and therefore refused to be his mentor. As his father said, “Your to young for that. Maimonides said it was only at thirty that one had the right to venture into the perilous world of mysticism.

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You must first study the basic subjects within your understanding (1-2).” His fatherBibliography:


Elie WieselThroughout the novel Night, Elie Wiesel struggles to maintain his faith in God and the Jewish religion. He has firm and strong beliefs in the beginning of the novel, but as a result of some horrible events, he begins to struggle with his beliefs in God.

Despite his hard times through the Holocaust, he still has faith, but in a different way. At the beginning of the novel, Elie Wiesel has a very strong and absolute belief in God. When he is asked by Moshe the Beadle why he prays, he thought to himself, “Why do I pray? A strange question.

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Why do I live? Why do I breathe?” Praying to Elie, was as routine and normal as eating or brushing his teeth. Elie has unconditional faith and couldnt imagine a life without God. He studies religion and wants to learn more and more every day, but soon an unpredictable event would tear him from his home and test his faith. Elies faith that God is everywhere, and that God is good almost seems impossible to believe because of the cruelty and unkindness he witnesses during the Holocaust.

Contrary to his beliefs, men are being cruel and they are heartlessly burning and killing people they deem useless. Elie thinks, “Where is he? Here he is, he is hanging here on this gallows.” Elie doubts God, so much, he believes that he in a way, dies.

It would be wrong to say that Elie lost his faith in God. Throughout the entire novel, Elie uses religious metaphors, even during his lowest points of disbelief. He even made some references to biblical verses, when denying his faith.

Those things, prove that the whole time he still had faith, though it is close to nothing. In the end, his struggle to maintain his faith is resolved, helping him to deal with the experiences he went through. Elie views his faith and religion now in a different way learning things he might not have learned before. Even though his faith has been restored, it has really been his faith that saved him.


Night In Elie Wiesels novel Night, the main character Elizer goes through a series of changes.Elizer, “Elie”, is born in a town in Transylvania Hungary by the name of Sighet in 1928.Elie lives in a very highly orthodox Jewish family, and this shows in many of his personality traits and interest as a young man.Early on, Elie likes to study many Jewish texts.

Before 1944, the Jews in Hungry were not affected by the terrible happenings in Europe.In 1933 Hitler came into power and blamed Germanys problems on the Jews.Under his rule, Hitler and his administration created laws and worked to exterminate the Jews.As the war went on, Hitler developed a “Final Solution” which was an extermination of Europes Jews.The most Jews were killed in concentration camps where Jews were forced to do labor and live imprisoned.It was Elies struggle to survive as a teenager in a camp that changed his emotional maturity, his relationship with his father, and his faith in God and religion.Because of the struggles Elie goes through, Elie loses his innocence and gains an incredible level of emotional maturity.

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Elie starts out as an innocent young boy full of interest, curiosity, and the potential for incredible success.He lives at first a seemingly nice and normal life with loving parents.Elies innocence can be seen when he is with his father after he has been separated from the rest of his family and he witnesses the cremation of babies and adults.

He says, “Not far from us flames were leaping up from a ditch, gigantic flamesBabies!Yes, I saw it with my own eyesI pinched my face.Was I still alive?Was I awake?I could not believe it.How could it be possible for them to burn people, children, and the world to keep silent?No, none of this could be true.It was a nightmare(pg. 30)” This quote illustrates the naivety Elie has about the true cruelty and inhumanity that exist not only in some people but especially behind the Nazi forces under Hitlers rule.The events are such an opposite extreme from what Elie knows to be the world; he cannot believe what his own eyes are showing him.

Later on, because of the things Elie has witnessed, he grows up seemingly cold hearted and he himself seems to have lost some of his humanity.This new emotional state Elie is in can be seen when Elie awakes and sees that his father has been taken away to the crematory.He says, “I awoke January 29th at dawnthey must have taken my father away before dawn and carried him to the crematory.He may still have been breathingI did not weep, and it pained me that I could not weep.But I had no more tears. (Pg.

106)” This quote that shows Elie does not have the tears to cry for his father, who he had cared for and looked after through the most trying trials in his life, shows the incredible effect his journey has had on him.A person that looked on in horror and disbelief when he witnessed nameless children being burned has been through so much he seems emotionless that his own blood is suffering the same fate.His emotions have matured beyond the childlike naivety he once had.Not only does Elies plight change his emotional maturity, but also it changes the relationship he has with his father.As Elie continues on his struggle through his adolescent life, his devotion to his father weakens and Elie begins to see him as a burden.Elie starts out with a good relationship with his father.

As a respected leader, his father conveys a sense of tradition and pride that exist in Elie before going to the death camp.When he and his father are separated from the rest of the family, their blood at first stays strong and Elie does not disrespect his father.The two develop a deep bond and understanding illustrated when Elie looks for his father during Rosh Hashanah.Elie says, “I ran off to look for my fatherHe was standing near the wall, bowed down, his shoulders sagging as though beneath a heavy burden.

I went up to him, took his hand and kissed it.A tear fell up…..on it.Whose was that tear?Mine?His?I said nothing.

Nor did he.We had never understood one another so clearly. (Pg.

65)” This quote illustrates the bond that has developed strongly between Elie and his father in being through their horrific experiences together.Without saying a word they are able to convey one anothers feelings perfectly.As Elie and his fathers troubled times continue, Elie starts to see his father as a inconvenience.On the journey to Buchenwald, Elies attitude towards his father can be seen when he cannot find his father.

Elie says, “It was daytime when I awoke.And then I remembered I had a fatherI had known that he was at the end, on the brink of death, and yet I had abandoned him.I went out to look for him.But at the same moment this thought came into my mind: Dons let me find him!If only I could get rid of this dead weight, so that I could use all of my strength to struggle for my own survival, and only worry about myself. (Pg. 101)” Even though Elie feels ashamed after thinking this, it shows him being able to even think about that for a minute, the incredible relationship dynamic he and his father hold has changed.

Before they could understand each other in a silent moment, now Elie is wishing he didnt have to put up with the burden.Elies struggle along with changing his relationship with his father also changes his view on his God and religion.Through Elies horrifying experiences in the Nazi death camp, Elie loses the diehard faith he had in his Jewish culture and in God.Elie starts off very committed to the study of Jewish culture and his belief in God.This faith and passion for his religion is seen early in a conversation with Elie and Moshe the Beadle about why Elie prays and why he cries when he does so.Elie says, “The question had never entered my head.

I wept becausebecause of something inside me that felt the need for tearsWhy did I pray?A strangle question.Why did I live?Why did I breathe? (Pg. 2)” This quote shows the blind faith and passion Elie has for God and his Jewish beliefs.His comparison of praying as something as fundamental as living or breathing truly shows how important God and religion is in his everyday life.

Later, after Elie has gone through so much tremendous pain and suffering, his views and faith in his religion and god diminish.At summers end in 1944 during Rosh Hashanah, Elies changed view on God and religion can be seen.He feels he has no reason to bless God when his people are suffering so much.

He feels his people are not the “chosen people” and denies his faith.Elie says, “What are You, my God, compared to this afflicted crowd, proclaiming You their faith, their anger, their revolt?What does your greatness mean Lord of the universe, in the face of all this weakness, this decomposition, and this decay? (Pg. 63)” He continues to say, “Why, but why should we bless him?In every fiber I rebelled.Because He had thousands of children burned in His pits?Because He kept six crematories working night and day, on Sundays and feast days?Because His great might He had created Auschwitz, Birkenau, Buna, and so many factories of death? (Pg.

64)” This quote shows the passion of hate and resentment he has gained for God because he has allowed Elie and his people to go through such hard times.He says and thinks these things in a very ridiculing way and it is obvious that passion for God does not exist anymore and has been replaced by hatred.In conclusion, Elie is taken through several changes because of the extraordinary challenges he had to face in the Nazi death camp.Elie throughout his journey loses his innocence and gains a great deal of emotional maturity.Elies devotion for his father weakens as his time in the camp goes on.

Elie also eventually loses almost all of his faith in God and in his religion.Elies life is an example of how peoples lives and views change when they are put through a traumatic course of events.


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