Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) or Dissociativ

Identity Disorder (DID) was first acknowledged in the 1700’s
but was not understood so therefore it was forgotten. Many
cases show up in medical records through the years, but in
1905, Dr. Morton Prince wrote a book about MPD that is a
foundation for the disease. A few years after it was
published Sigmund Freud dismissed the affliction and this
dropped it from being discussed at any credible mental
health meetings. Since then the disorder has been overlooked
and misdiagnosed as either schizophrenia or psychosis. Many
in the medical profession did not believe that a person
could unknowingly have more than one personality or person
inside one body, even after the in the 1950’s Three Faces of
Eve was published by two psychiatrist. In 1993, records
showed that three to five thousand patients were being
treated for MPD compared to the hundred cases reported ten
years earlier. There is still as increase in the number of
cases being reported as the scientific community learns more
and more about the disease and the public is becoming more
and more aware of this mental disorder. There are still many
questions left unanswered about the disease, like “Is it
genetic?” or “Is a certain type of personality more
vulnerable to the disorder?” but many aspects of how people
come by the disorder are already answered (Clark, 1993,
p.17-19) MPD is commonly found in adults who were
recurrently abused mentally, physically, emotionally, and/or
sexually as young children, between birth to 8 years of age.

The child uses a process called dissociation to remove
him/herself from the abusive situation. Dissociation is when
a child makes up an imaginary personality to take control of
the mind and body while the child is being abused. The child
can imagine many personalities but usually there is a
personality for every feeling and or emotion that was
involved during the abuse (BoyyM, 1998, p.1). As an adult,
the abused child finds it hard to keep track of time and may
have episodes of amnesia. Other symptoms that will appear in
adults with MPD are depression, auditory and visual
hallucinations (hearing voices) and suicidal thoughts.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

Another major symptom is when the adult has no recollection
of their childhood. The adult with MPD has no idea they were
abused as children and also unaware of the other
personalities living inside of their head.

Multiple Personality Disorder is when there is “the
presence of two or more distinct identities or
personalities, each with its own relatively enduring pattern
of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the
environment and self”(BoyyM, 1998, p.1). There can be
anywhere from two to over a hundred different personalities.

Usually each personality will fall into one of the following
categories: core, host, protectors, internal self-helper,
fragments, child members, preteen, teenager, adults,
artistic/music, cross-gender, cross-colored, animal members,
inanimate members (BoyyM, 1998, p. 2-3). The host
personality is the person who is the multiple, this is the
original personality, or the one that created the other
personalities, but is unaware of them. The most common
apparent identities are the child, persecutor, rescuer, and
helper. The child is the identity that is under the age of
twelve. They behave as children often sucking thumbs,
twisting hair, like to eat cookies, throw tantrums, and use
child-like vocabulary. The Persecutor identity is the
self-destructive identity that is violent and angry.

Persecutor identities usually have a drug/alcohol problem
and generally put the host at risk. The rescuer personality
is usually devoid of emotion but logical, able, proficient,
and responsible. The helper personality knows the most about
the history of the multiple; they generally want to help
everyone for the general good. The helper personality is the
personality that is most helpful in therapy because they
usually know about all the other identities (Clark, 1993,
p.80-83). Subpersonalities are not only part of a person
with MPD but they are also evident in emotionally normal
persons as well. Although, in a normal person, he/she
remembers when their subpersonality takes over, but in a MPD
patient, the personality disconnects from the host that the
host can not remember what happens. When a traumatic
experience happens, whether positive or negative, a
subpersonality will develop. In a normal person, the
splitting is broken into an “ok self” and a “not ok self”.

In a multiple, the personalities are more defined; they are
broken into smaller fragments that disassociate from the
human host (Rowan, 1990, p. 7, 20).
In the book by Terri A. Clark, M.D., it shows the
distinct the personalities are in several cases. It also
displays how each identity can be different from the other
identities and the host. In one of Clark’s cases, Veronica,
one of the personalities of her patient Regina, showed up
for the weekly appointment instead of Regina (note that it
really was Regina, but she was a different identity). Clark
noticed a change in the appearance of Regina on her arrival
and noted the difference in her voice. Veronica (Regina)
continued to speak to Clark as if it was the first time they
had met. Although, Veronica knew about Clark, Regina’s
personal life, and therapy, this was the first time Clark
had met this personality. Clark discovered while talking to
Veronica that she had a separate business which she ran on
the weekends, and when Veronica was in control of the body.

Regina had no idea about the business; Veronica used the
fake name and an Art Gallery’s telephone number in which to
run her business. Veronica even had a different handwriting
than Regina. According to Clark, each personality has its
own distinct features, such as handwriting, fashion taste,
hobbies, and culinary taste. In most cases, there will
always be personality that writes with their left hand,
while the host and other identities write with their right.

In Regina’s case, Veronica wore different clothes than
Regina and she had an interest in fine art. Each personality
of a host, when asked, will tell you they have a certain
type of hair color and cut, height, weight, and even gender
(Clark, 1993, p. 73-78). The problem with having all these
personalities is that they do not mesh well. Consequences
can arise from having so many different traits inside one
body like eating and sleep disorders, depression, anxiety,
and substance abuse (Smith, 1993, p.1). Each alter also has
their own name, these names can come from anything but there
are three common factors that influence the alters name.

Some alters are just born with the name, this is when the
alter is modeled after a real or fictional character. Some
alters are named after emotional responses, such as Sad One
or Angry Janie. Many alters are named for the specific job
they are supposed to do, like Director, Helper or Avenger.

The names chosen have been created by a child so they are
most likely modeled after a fictional or real character.

Although the host will have no idea of the other
personalities and will not respond to the names at first,
the alters respond to the birth personalities name (Clark,
1993, 90-91). The circumstances that the identities get the
host into can also become a problem. The different alters
while in possession of the body can go somewhere where the
host does not know and then leave and the host is left with
no idea how he/she got there and how to get back. In Sybil,
one of the first times she realized she had a problem was
when she had to leave her Columbia University Chemistry Lab
when something broke. The last thing she remembered was
standing at the elevator but when she regained consciousness
she was in the warehouse district of Philadelphia. Miles
from where she had been before in New York and it was five
days later (Schreiber, 1973, p. 23-36). The persecutor
identity has a tendency to leave the host in dangerous
Carla, one of Clark’s patients, had a persecutor alter
named Godiva. Godiva was always putting Carla in sticky
situations like Godiva would pick up men at bars and bring
them home or go home with them. Carla would come to
consciousness with an unknown man in her bed and she would
pass out, another alter would have to come out and rescue
Carla. CJ (Carla’s big burly male alter) would come out
punch the guy and leave. Christine (Carla’s logical alter)
would come out and handle the situation using her
negotiation skills. At other times Timmy (the young boy who
was an escape artist) would come out talk his way out of the
situation, leaving the man so bewildered because he was with
a woman who thought she was a young boy. When this occurred
it would leave the other alters upset at Godiva (Clark,
There are three different types of relationships that
alters can have between each other. The first one is,
“one-way amnesia”, this is when alter number one knows about
alter number two but alter number two does not know about
number one. The second relationship is “‘two-way amnesia’
exist when neither alter know about each other”(Clark, 1993,
p. 87). Cocognizance, the third relationship, is when all
the alters know about each other but the host personality
knows about none of them. The host will hear conversations
in his/her head, these conversations are between the alters.

This is when the alters know the host personality but is
unable to affect it as long as the host is in control
(Clark, 1993, p. 87-88). The cause of MPD is severe trauma,
most of the trauma happens at a young age and the violator
is usually someone who the child knows. In satanic cults,
children mistreated and abused, to intentionally cause MPD,
do not know everyone who is involved in the abuse. Examples
given by Clark are children put in a coffin with rats,
snakes, and bugs then buried alive. Later the satanic cult
leader or priest will rescue the child therefore making the
child feel obligated to that person. In satanic cults,
children are also raped. During the rape, men and women
would violate the child they would also violate the child
with objects such as a knife, an upside down crucifix, and
other objects (Clark, 1993, 181-198). The child gets to the
point where they think they are going to die, and they
disassociate themselves from the situation, this is when the
personalities are born. Other types of abuse are emotional
and psychological abuse by a parent. One of Clark’s patients
remembered under hypnosis a time when she was two. Her
mother took her outside put her in a tree and told her to
jump, the child after a slight hesitation did so, and the
mother stepped back, watched the child fall to the ground,
and laughed. These traumatic events and others are the cause
of MPD (Clark, 1993, 105-106). No matter how bad the abuse
was and how many different personalities are present; a MPD
patient can be cured. The process to recovery for a MPD
patient is long and hard. The personalities are not being
made to disappear but to become one. There has to be a
fusion of all the alters into the host, the host has to
learn to express all the emotions, that for so long, another
alter would take care of for them. Although some MPD
patients are harder than others to fuse, but all patients
can be cured. Patients that were subject to Satanic Ritual
Abuse are more difficult to fuse due to the threats that the
cult made or are making on their lives. A patient that was
in a cult must have lost all contact with the cult before
successful fusion can take place. When fusion is
successfully accomplished, the host person can handle their
emotions as where before fusion they were unaware of many
common emotions (Clark, 1993, 208-213). Research is
continuing to be done on this disorder.
Many people still doubt the realism of the disorder,
especially as more people fake the disorder to get out of
judicial problems. About 1% of America’s population has MPD,
but many are scared to see Psychiatrist, and many fake the
disorder (Smith, 1993, p. 1). As awareness for the disease
is becoming more prevalent, more patients are discovering
after years of misdiagnosis, they finally can start the
right kind of therapy. Multiple Personality Disorder is not
a disease or mental illness, it is a disorder caused by
traumatic events in early childhood. MPD is treatable and a
MPD patient can hope to one day live a normal life with
every part of his/her personality fused into one. A MPD
patient is not something to be afraid of as where they
usually just inflict pain upon themselves and not on others.

MPD patients can be your next door neighbor, parent, and
even spouse. They do not seem that different from normal
people, and many do not even know they have the disorder.

Awareness is the key, not only awareness of MPD but of child
abuse, if child abuse is stopped MPD will not be a problem.
Biblical Response Multiple Personality Disorder is
often brushed aside by Christians who think that MPD is
demon possession, but MPD and demon possession differentiate
in many ways. MPD although it can be caused by satanic
ritual abuse is not evil, it is a process of the mind.

Possession on the other hand, is when a body is taken over
by an evil spirit. It is the physical body that the demon
has control over not the mind. In MPD the only part affected
is the mind, the body is not changed and does not convulse
as it does in possession. In Ephesians 6:12(NIV) it is
written, “For our struggle is not against flesh and blood,
but against rulers, against authorities, against the powers
of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil
in the heavenly realms.” Demon possession is the fight
against the flesh MPD is the fight against the mind. In
Matthew 8:28-31 we see demon possession, “When he arrived at
the other side in the region of the Gadarenes, two
demon-possessed men coming from the tombs met him. They were
so violent that no one could pass that way. “What do you
want with us, Son of God?” they shouted. “Have you come here
to torture us before the appointed time?” Some distance from
them a large herd of pigs was feeding. The demons begged
Jesus, “If you drive us out, send us into the herd of pigs.”
He said to them, “Go!” So they came out and went into the
pigs, and the whole herd rushed down the steep bank into the
lake and died in the water.” This shows that demons are
first only in possession of body and second afraid of Jesus
Christ. If a Bible is brought into a room with one that is
possessed they will immediately ask for the person to leave.

I do not believe that MPD is demon possession, I do believe
that they are more susceptible to it if they have been
involved in a satanic cult. MPD patients are gifted, smart
individuals who suffered greatly as children and they used
their only defense their imaginations to alleviate the pain.

In Mark 10:13-16 says, “People were bringing little children
to Jesus to have him touch them, but the disciples rebuked
them. When Jesus saw this, he was indignant. He said to
them, ‘Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder
them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these. I
tell you the truth, anyone who will not receive the kingdom
of God like a little child will never enter it.’ He took the
children in his arms, put his hands on them and blessed
BOYY M. (1998).
Clark, Terri A., M.D. (1993). More Than One (1st edition).

Nashville, TN:Oliver- Nelson Books, 17-19, 73-78, 80-83,
87-88, 90-91, 99, 105-106, 181-198, 208-213.
New Student Bible
Schreiber, Flora Rheta (1973). Sybil (1st edition). New
York: Warner Books, 23-26.
Comer, Ronald J (1992). Abnormal Psychology (2nd edition).

New York: W.H Freeman and Company, 626-632