Mrs Brew 13 May 1996 Intelligent Design Of The Universe The Search For Knowledge About The Origin Of Humanity Is As Old As It

.. reation of the universe not an accident, but “the existence of human life is something for which the entire universe appears to have been intricately fine-tuned from the start”(28). This principle is based on universal constants such as Planck’s constant and the gravitational constant. It started out as a list of coincidences, but as the list grew the more it appeared as if the universe had been designed for humanity to exist(29). The second law of thermodynamics has been extensively studied by scientists and people as another proof of creation. The second law of thermodynamics can be stated: “The thermodynamic principle which governs the behavior of systems is that, as they are moved away from equilibrium, they will utilize all avenues available to counter the applied gradients.

As the applied gradients increase, so does the system’s ability to oppose further movement from equilibrium”(Schneider 30). In every system, the entropy, or disorder, will increase, not decrease. This is one of a number of different analogies to simplify this law. There is a box with ten equal compartments. Ten thousand marbles are released into one compartment. If the box is randomly shaken, it is expected that the marbles would pass through the open doors in each compartment and there would be approximately 1000 marbles in each compartment.

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It is highly improbable, yet not impossible that if the box continued to be shaken randomly, that all the marbles would go back into the same compartment they started in(28). The second law of thermodynamics is an excellent argument for creation. Creationists stand in “awe of the perfection of the earth.. If it were a little farther away from the sun the entire planet would be one gigantic Antarctica; if it were a little closer, it would be one continuous Sahara Desert. Earth’s placement is precise; and that, my friends, is not a result of chance”(Limbaugh 154). There are infinite numbers of variables. If one were changed just slightly, like the distance from the sun, Earth would be unhabitable and humans would not exist.

This preciseness leads these people to use the second law of thermodynamics as an argument. An ordered world like Earth could not exist in a universe that was created by an explosion. Humanity itself is a good example for creation. The differences between other animals in nature and humans are vast. However, many evolutionists claim that we are animals ourselves. Jonathan Swift shows the absurdity of this comparison in the fourth book of Gulliver’s Travels.

Guliver is living between two extremes: the reason based Houyhnhms and the savage Yahoos. Gulliver tries so hard to fit in with the Houyhnhms, or horses. They “conclude that Gulliver ‘must be a perfect Yahoo'”(Suits 116), yet Gulliver believes that he is more Houyhnhm. This struggle can represent the origin struggle. The evolutionists say that humans were once like the Yahoos, but by saying that humanity evolved because of an haphazard accident, they are claiming that humans are now the superior being in the universe. They claim we are like the Houyhnhms(Sagan).

Humans are not like that. The Houyhnhms are divorced of passion. “They have no shame, no temptations, no conception of sin”(Williams 62). Marriage is “‘one of the necessary actions in a reasonable being'”(63). These definitely do not identify humanity. Gulliver “understands none of this”(72). Humans have the ability to use reason and humans have certain inherent desires that cannot be reasonably explained: love, marriage, and a sense of right and wrong.

Still the debate continues. It seems “the double standard at work here is breathtaking”(Glynn 32). Scientists who believe in evolution are free to use detailed accounts of what happened 4 billion years ago and base it on Darwin(Sagan). “But the moment scientists begin marshalling rather considerable and persuasive evidence for the opposite case, their speculation risks being branded by colleagues as ‘unscientific'”(Glynn 32). This parallels the third book of Gulliver’s Travels.

The ways of the respected Laputan people were very precise, according to Gulliver. All their wise men reject what seems obviously the best way preform a task(Williams 49). Member of the Academy are seen trying to weave with spider web and make ice into gunpowder(Swift 196). Such acts of stupidity are Swift’s attack on the Royal Society of England in Swift’s time; however the apply perfectly to many of the scientists who reject what they do not want to see. The argument about the origin of the universe will definitely continue.

There will be those who argue both sides until this world comes to its end. To what extent people believe the Biblical teachings or what some scientists teach is a personal decision. Darwin concluded his book: “There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been and are being evolved”(Miller 32). The more science seems to dig and research about the origins of humanity, the less likely it is that Earth and all the creatures on it were an accident. All the precision, consistency and detail point to an universal architect, a Supreme Being, God.

Bibliography (please disreguard my mess for now) Coyne, Jerry A. “Evolution.” World Book. CD-ROM Eve, Raymond A. “Creationism” World Book. CD-ROM Glynn, Patrick. “Beyond The Death of God.” National Review May 6,1996:28-32. Limbaugh, Rush.

The Way Things Ought to Be. New York:Pocket Books, 1992. Miller, Kenneth R. “Life’s Grand Design.” Technology Review. Feb./March 1994:24-32 CD-ROM.

1996 SIRS. SIRS 1994 Life Science. Article 59 Sagan, Carl. “Snowflakes Fallen on the Hearth: The Evolution of the Earth.” Planetary Report. Jan./Feb. 1993:4-9 CD-ROM. 1996 SIRS.

SIRS 1994 Earth Science. Article 53 Schneider, E.D, Kay, J.J. “Life as a Manifestation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics.” Mathematical and Computer Modelling 1994: 25-48. Suits, Conrad. “The Role of the Horsesin ‘A Voyage to the Houyhnhnms.'” Modern Critical Interpretations, Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels. Ed.

Harold Bloom. New York:Chelsea. 116-125 Swift, Jonathan. Gulliver’s Travels. New York:Penguin,1960.

Valentine, James W. “Evolution.” Encarta. CD-ROM. Microsoft Corp:1994 Vawter, Rev. Bruce.

“Creation.” Encarta. CD-ROM. Microsoft Corp:1994 Webster’s New Twentieth Century Dictionary. Second Edition. 1983 Williams, Kathleen. “Animal Rationis Capax.” Modern Critical Interpretations, Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels.

Ed. Harold Bloom. New York:Chelsea. 37-82.