Mozart

.. d at the University of Salzburg. His studies there got off to a fine start. He passed a difficult examination at the end of his first year and was commended for his work. But perhaps the change to a secular course of study, and the move from Augburg, wasn’t enough to satisfy Leopold’s rebellious spirit.

His academic performance slipped, and in 1739 he was expelled from the university. He made his own way in life by entering the service of Count Johann of Thurn-Valsassina und Taxis, a canon of the cathedral, and was given the tittle of Kammerdiener, or valet de chambre. But his duties were one of a musician. Within a few years, he was accepted as a chamber musician into the orchestra of the Prince-Archbishop. Being assured of a steady income, he married Anna Maria Partl in the cathedral on November 21, 1747 when he was 28 years old and his bride was 27.

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These two were a good match because years later it would be recalled that, The two Mozart parents were in their day the handsomest couple in Salzburg. Leopold would write from Italy on the occasion of their silver anniversary: Today is the anniversary of our wedding day. It was twenty-five years ago, I think, that we had the sensible idea of getting married, one, which we had cherished, it is true, for many years. All good things take time! The Mozart had seven children, five of which died in infancy. The two that survived were called Maria Anna Walburga Ignatia and Johann Chrysostom Wolfgang Gottlieb, proved to be a musical prodigy. Leopold’s own musical activity decreased as he became aware of his children’s talents and assumed the multiple roles of parent, teacher, collaborator and manager. He stopped composing and neglected his professional duties altogether to devote himself more fully to his children’s musical development.

Of the five prince-archbishops that Leopold would serve in his 44 years in the court orchestra, two would greatly affect his career and that of his son. Count Sigismund Christoph Schrattenbach was fond of music. He appointed Leopold vice-Kapellmeister in 1763 and gave him much freedom to promote his son’s career. Agreeing with Schrattenbach’s blessing, Leopold and his family embarked on several trips including a grand tour of more than three years that took them as far as Paris and London. Count Hieronymus Colloredo elected archbishop in 1772, was personally very fond of music but slow to rationalize its use in his court and church.

He also had a dictatorial temperament and booked no criticism. He treated the court musicians as servants, and would make no exceptions. This didn’t go well with Leopold, who by nature was resentful and suspicious of authority. His overriding goal became to secure employment for his son outside of Salzburg. In 1777, Colbredo refused to give Leopold leave to accompany his son on a job-hunting trip to Germany and France.

Leopold made every effort to manage the tour by letter from Salzburg; he soon began to lose control of events. First, in Mannheim, Mozart tarried and fell head over heels in love with Aloysia Weber. Leopold saw this love a threat and urged Mozart to continue on to France. Second, in Paris, Anna Maria became ill and died. Leopold had a hard time comprehending his loss.

He wrote: It is mysteriously sad when death severs a very happy marriage — you have to experience it before you can realize it. Third: the bond between him and his son been damaged. Leopold made it clear that he held Mozart responsible for Anna Maria’s death. Yet after his wife’s death, he realizes that he needed his son more than ever. After Mozart returned to Salzburg, he would do everything in his power to keep him there. Mozart was defying his father as well, a fact that became clear when he courted and married Constanze Weber against Leopold’s advice.

At last, Leopold gave his consent, but he and his son both knew that is was only a matter of form. Mozart, who usually closed his letters to his father with the words I am your most obedient son, virtually stopped writing to him, because he became very busy with his own family and career. In his letters to Nannerl, Leopold stopped referring Mozart by name but by calling him, my son or your brother. In the fall of 1783, Mozart and Constanze went to see Leopold to set things right, and there is some evidence that Leopold’s attitude towards his son and daughter-in-law softened somewhat when he visited them in early 1785. In Vienna Leopold was able to experience Mozart’s popularity at its peak.

We never get to bed before one o’clock and I never get up before nine, he complained in a letter home to Nannerl. We lunch at two or half past. The weather is horrible. Every day there are concerts; and the whole time is given up to teaching, music, composing and so forth. I feel father out of it all.

If only the concerts were over! It is impossible for me to describe the rush and bustle. Since my arrival your brother’s fortepiano has been taken at least a dozen times to the theatre or to some other house. Earlier, Leopold had proudly recounted a conversation with Fraz Josef Haydn, one of the most respected composers on the continent: : Haydn said to me: ‘Before God and as an honest man, I tell you that your son is the greatest composer known to me either in person or by name. He has taste and, what is more, the most profound knowledge of composition.’ Shortly before Leopold’s departure from Vienna, he was admitted to Mozart’s Masonic lodge. Now they were more than father and son, they were like brothers, and it was in this spirit that Mozart would write to Leopold as he lay dying in Salzburg: This very moment I have received a piece of news which greatly distresses me, the more so as I gathered from your last letter that, thank God, you were very well indeed. But now I hear that you are really ill.

I need hardly tell you how greatly I am longing to receive some reassuring news from yourself. And I still expect it; although I have now made a habit of being prepared in all affairs of life for the worst. As death, when we come to consider it closely, is the true goal of our existence, I have formed during the last few years such close relations with this best and truest friend of mankind, that his image is not only no longer terrifying to me, but is indeed very soothing and consoling! And I thank my God for graciously granting me the opportunity (you know what I mean) of learning that death is the key which unlocks the door to our true happiness. . . .

I hope and trust that while I am writing this, you are feeling better. But if, contrary to all expectation, you are not recovering, implore you by . . . not to hide it from me, but to tell me the whole truth or get someone to write it to me, so that as quickly as is humanly possible I may come to your arms.

I entreat you by all that is sacred — to both of us. Mozart would never see his father again. On Whit Monday, May 28th, 1787, this intelligent and complicated man died at the age of 68. He has lived long enough to witness his son’s brilliance, and he probably understood that he himself had long been eclipsed. His greasiest success was at once his own most bitter personal failure.

History has not been kind to Leopold Mozart, it is because it has never forgiven him. Anna Maria Mozart: Born: St. Gilgen, baptized December 25, 1720 Died: Paris, July 3, 1778 She was baptized on Christmas Day, 1720, in the parish church of St. Gilgen. The entry in the church register duly notes that she was the daughter of Eva Rosina and Nicolaus Pertl, deputy prefect of Hildenstein. Some years later, an anonymous hand would add: Mother of the famous Mozart.

Despite her being the son of famous Mozart, she remains an unknown quantity, a background presence that rarely takes center stage in accounts of her son’s life. Her name has been the cause of some confusion. Whether through carelessness on the part of parish scribes, or because names once were more malleable than they are now, she is just as likely to be referred to as Maria Anna Mozart. She married Leopold Mozart on November 21, 1747. Five of their children died in infancy.

The strongest survived six months, the weakest six days. Though back then, there was a bigger rate of in fact deaths, so it wasn’t surprising to have 3 children die. The two children who survived were Maria Anna Walbuga Ignatia and Johann Chrysostom Wolfgang Gottlieb. The children’s father was a composer and on internationally recognized violin instructor, nothing could possibly have prepared the children’s mother for what was to come. Their prodigious musical talents — and Leopold’s prodigious promotional talent — would carry Anna Maria far from Salzburg.

She and her family visited the courts of Europe and got to be with with the royalty: Maria Theresa and her son, Joseph, of Austria; Louis XV of France; and George III of England. Even though she was left behind during her son’s three tours of Italy, circumstances led to her accompanying him on his fateful job-hunting expedition to southern Germany and Paris: because the Archbishop of Salzburg would not grant Leoplod leave to accompany his son, Anna Maria went instead. They left for Salzburg for Bavaria in September 1777. In her letters home, Anna Maria becomes suddenly tangible. They reveal an intelligent, optimistic woman possessed of a wry, self-deprecating wit. They also give us a good indication of the origin of Mozart’s fondness for scatological humor.

From Munich, she wrote to Leopold: Addio, ben mio. Keep well, my love. Into your mouth your arse you’ll shove. I wish you good-night, my dear, but first xxxx in your beaded make it burst. It is long after one o’clock already.

Now you can go on rhyming yourself. When things did not work out as planned in Germany, Leopold urged his wife and son onto Paris. Anna Maria agreed, and they left Mannheim in the spring of 1778. In Paris, the incessant rounds of socializing, teaching and job hunting meant that Mozart had to leave his mother alone for days at a time. She did not speak French.

Neglected and isolated, she kept up a brave front. I don’t get out much, it is true, and the rooms are cold, even when a fire is burning, she wrote on May 1. You just to get used to it. Her health began to deteriorate. A letter of June 12th is full of gossip but shorter than usual because, she reported, she had been bleeding the day before and couldn’t write much. Her last words to Leopold are in the postscript: I must stop, for my arm and eyes are aching.

Three weeks later, Anna Maria was dead. Her life flickered out like a candle, wrote her son to a family friend. She was buried the next day in the churchyard of the parish of Saint-Eustache in Paris. The register read: On the said day, Marie-Anna Partl, aged 57 years, wife of Leopold Mozart, matre de chapelle at Salzburg, Bavaria, who died yesterday at Rue du Groschenet, has been interred in the cemetery in the presence of Wolfgang Amde Mozart, her son, and of Franois Heina, trumpeter in the light cavalry in the Royal Guard, a friend. Science Essays.