Matthew Roberts

Mr. J. Hubbard12 University English10 February 2004Cloning should be (encouraged? permitted? discouraged?)There are many questions and concerns sparked as a result to theconsideration of cloning. Many hear the topic and automatically think itwrong due to their high values in morality. But really, who is to say thatcloning is in fact morally wrong? The answer to this would tend to vary dueto the logical fact that every individual has their own opinion.

A clone isdefined as;a cell, group of cells, or organisms that aredescended from and genetically identical to a singlecommon ancestor, such as a bacterial colony whosemembers arose from a single original cell. (dictionary.com)This definition thus questions what it is that all the extremistskeptics of cloning could be objecting.

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If scientists could somehow harnessthe ability to synthetically correct any deficiencies that commonlyaccompany cloned animals, breeding of all species would become moreefficient. There are countless benefits that could be contributed to themedical field through various ways of genetic reproduction. Cloning shouldbe permitted, under the premise that it be accompanied by seriouslimitations and restrictions.There are many arguments that are in support of cloning on both sidesof the spectrum. There are numerous organizations, such as the UN1, thathave previously attempted, and continue to strive for, a universalcompliance on the complete ban of cloning. The governments in the UnitedStates as well as 43 other countries, has agreed to put a “blanket ban onboth reproductive and therapeutic cloning.” (Biever) This statement meaningthat the topic of cloning would thus become fully illegal and un-open forany type of negotiation or discussion.

This would not be the smartestdecision that the United States could attempt to enforce. Due to the factthat there hasn’t been time for legitimate research or consideration in allfields of cloning, the idea of banning it does not seem logical. Already inthe field of therapeutic cloning, it is said that the treatment of”everything from heart disease to Parkinson’s” is on the verge of beingachievable. (“Major Breakthrough..

.”) It is only due to non-existent laws,stating how far cloning can persist that this medical wonder cannot befulfilled.It is a common side effect of the majority of all cloned animals, toeither die son after birth, or live with severe complications. The highlycontroversial cloning of the first adult mammal, widely known as Dolly thesheep, was visually normal at birth, but died 5 years after birth due tosuspected premature ageing.Baring in mind the sincerity of these side effects, it is only in aselect few that have been affected. These abnormalities have been enoughto influence the proper authorities that the cloning of humans should notbe successfully approved.Aside form the above mentioned negative aspects of animal cloning, thepractice known as xenotransplantation. Perhaps this method would be betterunderstood when defined as the transplantation of living cells, tissues andorgans from one species to another species.

(“Xenotransplant…

“) Iflegalized, this practice would allow for the reproduction of human organsinside of a completely different mammal that could be used for a variety ofspecialized transplants of which there is limited donors. Wouldn’t thevast majority of people enjoy the security of knowing that if an accidentever occurred, there would be no question as to whether or not they wouldreceive proper treatment. In theory, this aspect would not have to come tomind if scientists were permitted to experiment with xenotransplantaion.The total abolishment of cloning before any significant benefits canbe determined would prove not to be logical on behalf of everybody. Inorder to discover all horizons of genetically reproducing an organism, thegovernment must first allow a select few specialized scientists to conductstrictly monitored experiments.

To this date, there are still asignificant number of astounding advancements that could be obtained withthe strict legalization of cloning. Scientists have not even begun toscratch the surface of this astounding revolutionary capability. Works Cited”Cloning” http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=Cloning(Accessed 2004)”Major Breakthrough In Disease Treatment Via Stem CellsClaimed” Online. Available.http://www.

sciscoop.com/story/2003/11/29/4520/0469(2004)Philipkoski, Kristin. “Cloning Remains a Meaty Issue.”Online. Available.http://www.wired.

com/news/medtech/0,1286,60794,00.html?tw=wn_story_related—. “Cloning Remains a Meaty Issue.” Online Available.http://www.wired.com/news/medtech/0,1286,60794,00.html?tw=wn_story_relatedSmith, Simon.

“The Benefits of Human Cloning” OnlineAvailable. http://www.humancloning.org/benefits.

php”Xenotransplantation on the Web”. Online Available.http://www.xenotransplant.

ineu.org/xenotrans/index.htm———————–1 UN refers to the organization formally known as the United Nations.The organization is comprised of a variety of world powers responsible forthe governance and enforcement of basic rights and freedoms in addition topeace keeping (also a major attribute of the UN).