Malcolm X

Malcolm X Malcolm X was probably one of the most controversial elements in the civil rights movement. Malcolm X had become a member of the Nation of Islam in his earlier years. The Islamic faith borrows basic ideas from the orthodox teachings of Islam and combines them with the very racist views regarding whites taught by Elijah Mohammed. Malcolm was a very influential priest for the Nation of Islam. Malcolm X questioned some of the views and beliefs of the Nation of Islam, which made Mr.Mohammed and the rest of the Nation angry. This forced Malcolm to travel on a journey overseas to find out what his true beliefs were.

When he reached Arabia, he found that it was a different society than that of which Elijah Mohammed had described it. Malcolm discovered that race played no role in determining a persons status in society. Viewing this made a positive change in Malcolm Xs beliefs and views. This unity of human kind made Malcolm think and change his ideas about the solution to the racial problem in America.This was the most influential turning point in his life.

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Malcolm first adopted his views and beliefs of the Nation of Islam while he was serving time in prison. By the time he had gotten out of prison, he had undergone a transformation from a drug-dealing thief to a religious priest for his newfound faith, the Nation of Islam. Malcolm had taken on in full Mr.

Mohammeds racist teachings. It was through these teachings that Malcolm X developed his radical views about race in America.Under the guidance and teachings of Elijah Mohammed, Malcolm had targeted all whites and blamed them for position of African Americans in society. He referred to the whites as devils, which tried making the standards of blacks even lower then they already were. Malcolm X believed that complete segregation was the only way to end racial problems in America. He also said that all actions committed against blacks in history were due to the white race as a whole. Another one of his claims was that all blacks should move to Africa, and establish some sort of society there. Sometime after Malcolm X had taken on his new religion, he began to question the validity of the Nation of Islam and some of its leaders.

It was found out that Elijah Mohammed had been partaking in sexual misconduct and that he had several illegitimate children. When Malcolm confronted Elijah about these things, Elijah admitted to them. This made Malcolm question the beliefs of Elijah, which were basically the foundations of the Nation of Islam.

During this time, many of the leaders of the Nation of Islam became jealous of Malcolms success. All of these things contributed to Malcolm eventually leaving the Nation of Islam in 1964.Later in 1964, Malcolm X took off on a journey to Arabia to try and find the true religion of Islam. While in Arabia, he underwent his holy pilgrimage. This experience had a very positive impact on Malcolm X.

While racial hatred in America had forced black people to the lowest levels of society, Malcolm had come into a society were the color of the skin played no factor in life. While in Arabia, a white leader let Malcolm stayed with him in his room, which would have been unheard of during the civil rights movements in the States.It was during this trip to Arabia that Malcolm made a big change in his way of life. He had finally learned to trust people. He found out that the color of ones skin doesnt reflect what kind of person you are, but its ones actions that reflect the quality of a person. From his trip, Malcolm threw out all of his racist and segregational views about the American society, and he took on a more Orthodox Islamic approach of racial equality.

Once he returned home from his trip, he began preaching about his newly formed philosophies.He created new ideas about race in America and about unity. His greatest change in beliefs were his thoughts about black and white relationships.

His conversion to orthodox Islam changed his views upon white people. Around this time, Malcolm adopted a new name. He changed the Nation of Islam X in his name to an orthodox name. Malcolm X was no more; his new name was Malik El-Shabazz.

Malcolm changing his name was probably the one that that most symbolized his breaking away from the Nation of Islam. Malik now felt that he could practice his own newfound philosophy. Mr. El-Shabazz created his own organization called Muslim Mosque Inc., which was a group that was totally free of the old Nation of Islams ideas. This group was trying to find black unity in America.

Unlike before, Malik wanted whites to join his newly founded organization. This was something that would have never been considered in the Nation of Islam.The coexistence between races that Malcolm had witnessed in Arabia made him want to strive for something similar in America. He no longer believed that total segregation would benefit anyone. He felt that if you were going to get anywhere, unity was needed.

Malik also believed that the solution to racial problems lied in the minds of people, not in segregation. Maliks views on other black organizations changed after his journey to Arabia.When he was a radical, he was opposed to all non-radical groups who were working toward racial peace and equality. Now that he had adopted the true Islamic faith, he gave full support to all black organizations.

He even gave support to Martin Luther King, whom he used to speak down upon and criticize for his work. Malik no longer felt that a racial problem existed in America. He believed that civil rights should be addressed as human rights and should be looked upon as a problem with human rights.

Due to those feelings, Malik El-Shabazz proposed that he would sue the United States of America for violating human rights.Unfortunately for Malik, he had very little support on this and he didnt follow through with it. Malik El-Shabazz had once said, My whole life has been a chronology of changes.

Malik had three stages of his life. When he was Malcolm Little, he was a drug addict, a thief, and an all around criminal. As Malcolm X, he went from a low life hoodlum to a very influential priest for the Nation of Islam.As Malik El-Shabazz, he went from teaching racial segregation to preaching racial equality and unification.

He basically went from one end of the spectrum straight to the other. In the end, he became a good man, who taught what was right in his eyes. Unfortunately, Malcolm Little (a.

k.a. Malcolm X, a.k.

a.Malik El-Shabazz) was assassinated in the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem on February 21, 1965. History Essays.

Malcolm X

Malcolm X Racism is a problem that the American people have grappled with since colonial times.

The 1960’s saw the rise of Martin Luther King, Jr and Malcolm X, who not only influenced the civil rights movement but attempted to solve the problem of racism in this country. On February 16, 1965, Malcolm X gave a speech called Not Just An American Problem, but a World Problem. In his speech he provides a theory on the relationship between media and racism called image making which still has validity today. On first reading, Malcolm’s tone is angry and his theory on image making sounds absurd. He states: They (racists) use the press to get public opinion on their side. ..

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this is a science called image making. they hold you in check through this science of imagery. They even make you look down upon yourself, by giving you a bad image of yourself. Some of our own Black people who have eaten this image themselves and digested it — until they themselves don’t want to live in the Black community. Yet, current television programming seems to favor this idea.Local news programs continue to show colored communities as dangerous and gang-infested. They continually rely on the reports of these areas for the bulk of their news and overlook the positive images that residents of these areas try to create.

For example, KNTV news continually reports on the thefts and shootings in East San Jose but does not make an effort to show how residents are dealing with these situations. The day a local East San Jose church helped sway the city council to put a streetlight on a very busy intersection, the news pre-empted the report with an accident on another East San Jose intersection. As a result, most people in these communities do not realize that they have power to change their area and have a great desire to move out of these areas. They have become prisoners who have bought into the image of East San Jose.Yet, local news programs are not the only ones to blame for image making; documentaries have played a part in the negative images of blacks. Malcolm X makes the claim that the negative image of communities in America are just a small part of the image making process. The documentary film has done the same for their African homeland.

He states: They (the press) projected Africa in a negative image, a hateful image. They made us think that Africa was a land of jungles, a land of animals, a land of cannibals and savages.It was a hateful image.

Current documentaries of Africa are still about their jungles and their tribes. Although they do not have a racist tone, the idea that African people are still uncivilized continues. The result is: Black people here in America who hated everything about us that was African. . .it was you who taught us to hate ourselves simply by shrewdly maneuvering us into hating the land of our forefathers and the people on that continent.

These films do have an influence on today’s society. From watching today’s black TV, the actors on these shows make fun of these images. Recently, Martin Lawrence made fun of one of his friends; calling him a spear-thrower on his hit TV show. The larger problem that Malcolm X did not discuss in his speech is the result of the image making.

The effectiveness of today’s media on young minds is great. Only several years have passed since the introduction of a Black Barbie doll.The great action heroes are not colored but are white; only their sidekicks are colored, e.g., Lone Ranger and Tonto. Consequently, the serious Black actor is a precious commodity. It is the Black comedian who is more accepted in today’s society because they are able to laugh about the negative black images.

The white man, as Malcolm X might agree, would favor the comedian over the serious actor because white men do not want to be reminded about their crime. The comedian often supports the negative black images that the media has created: large lips, large buttocks, the criminal and the slave.Eddie Murphy is famous for his Mister Robinson character on Saturday Night Live. Robinson is a spoof on Mister Rogers; however, Robinson is a criminal.

The image of the black man as a thief continues. Television is not all to blame. The media has made many efforts to create a more positive image of Black America. There is a cable station, BET, targeted at black programming.

The commercials shown on the station feature black actors rather than the white actors on the large network stations. Black TV has been introduced to mainstream TV. Most programs are outrageous, such as Homeboys in Outer Space, which shows how the media favors the black comedian.

However, the introduction into network TV provides an open door for more quality programming and more positive images in the future. Malcolm X concludes his speech by stating, .. make the world see that our problem was no longer a Negro problem or an American problem but a human problem.

A problem for humanity. And a problem which should be attacked by all elements of humanity. America has come a long way from its days of slavery and segregation. Malcolm was right. Americans must attack this problem as a hate issue and not a race issue.But we must stop blaming each other for this problem.

We live in a media dominant world. The owners of today’s media conglomerates are white males, who influence what is being shown on their networks, magazines, films, etc. It is time that America takes control of what influences their society and take responsiblity for creating more positive images of humanity. Endnotes Not Just An American Problem, But A World Problem, Humanities 2B Reader, Spring 1996, p.

Malcolm X

The year was 1925, and someone special was born. His birth name was Malcolm Little, however there were big things in store for this child. Born in Omaha, Nebraska. The seventh of eleven children born to Earl Little, an organizer for Marcus Garvey’s ;quot;back-to-Africa;quot; movement (Compton’s encyclopedia online). At age six Malcolm’s father was murdered. As a result his mother later suffered a nervous breakdown, and the family was separated by welfare agencies (Compton’s encyclopedia online). Later in life he would blame these same agencies for destroying his family.

He was bounced around from boardinghouses and schools, and dreamed of becoming a lawyer only to be discouraged by his teachers. After leaving school, in the eighth grade, he lived with a relative in Boston, Mass. He shined shoes, worked in a restaurant and on a railroad kitchen crew. In 1942 he moved to a section in New York called Harlem. Where he lived as a hustler, cheating people to make money for himself.

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He also sold drugs and became a drug addict himself. A rival drug dealer named "West Indian Archie" ran him out of New York. And he ended up back in Boston. Where he started a burglary ring, which consisted of friend named Shorty, a pretty boy type of fellow named Rudy, a woman that Malcolm dealt with named Sophia and one of her friends (Alex Haley 168).

He soon found out that crime does not pay, when he soon got arrested and stolen items were found in his possession. The Negroes of that group was sentenced to eight years, while the whites of the group were sentenced to only two. This put an image in Malcolm’s head on how the justice system was ran. While in prison.

Malcolm was well known to the guards. One time he was asked to state his number, but instead he said he forgot his number. The guards beat him and sent him to the ;quot;darkroom;quot;. In the darkroom he met Brother Bains. Bains was a man everyone respected including guards. He was known as a real man and gave speeches about Islam.

Malcolm did not listen at first; however it didn’t take him long to listen to the words of black empowerment, spoken by brother Bains. The black Muslims prediction that in the near future a great war would take place in which whites would be destroyed and black people would rule the world through the power of Allah, their creator. To prepare for this Brother Bains preached, the importance of self-restraint, opposed the use of drugs and alcohol, and organized self-help groups. Malcolm Little was converted to this faith.

Instead of wasting his time in prison getting into more trouble, he begins to read and broaden his thoughts. As he did this, his mind opens up to knowledge. He also tried to improve in other areas such as appearance and speech.

He decided not to associate himself with former friends he got in trouble with, and formed new friendships with people of the same faith. He left prison Malcolm X. An image popped into my head while reading "the Autobiography of Malcolm X"(Alex Haley 231). The image of a strong man standing in the middle of stage giving a speech. The year is 1953. At the height of racial tension, the city is Detroit. Malcolm X is giving a speech after a run in with FBI agents concerning the nation of Islam’s practices, and how their message was being used.

He stands on the pulpit, and delivers a message. ;quot;We didn’t land on Plymouth rock, my brothers Plymouth Rock landed on us!" It’s a clear message to his followers. If you want to succeed, first get from under that rock. He insisted that ;quot;black is beautiful,;quot; and that African Americans must take control of their own destiny.

As Malcolm was giving a speech at the autobahn in New York City. Three men gunned him down, in cold blood, in front of his wife and children. At the end of Malcolm’s life. He was a changed man, a man no longer involved with racism although he had a large following he saw an even larger picture. He saw a world where people of all colors and religions could help one another instead of fight one another. His most enduring messages are one of black pride and self-respect, combined with his uncompromising rejection of racism.

Bibliography OUTLINE I. Malcolm Little A. The beginning B. Separated from family C. Moving around II. Life of Crime A.

Being sentenced to jail B. Introduction to Islam C. Name change to Malcolm X III. Conclusion A. Speech B.

His gift


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