Macbeth And Metaphysics

The Three witches in the tragedy Macbeth are introduced right at the beginning of the
play. They tell Macbeth three prophesies, he will be Thane of Cawdor, Thane of Glams
and King. These prophesies introduce him to ideas of greatness. Macbeth will eventually
follow through on killing king Duncan. This brings into the play, idea of fate and the role
with which it has in the play. The witches could foretell the future, they can add
temptation, and influence Macbeth, but they can not control his destiny. Macbeth creates
his own anguish when he is driven by his own sense of guilt. This causes him to become
insecure as to the reasons for his actions which in turn causes him to commit more
murders. The witches offer great temptation, but it is in the end, each individuals decision
to fall for the appeal, or to be strong enough to resist their captivation. The witches are
only responsible for the introduction of these ideas and for further forming ideas in
Macbeth head, but they are not responsible for his actions throughout the play. Lady
Macbeth is shown early in the play as an ambitious woman with a single purpose. She can
manipulate Macbeth easily. This is shown in the line “That I may pour my spirits in thine
ear”. (I,V, 26) Before the speech that Lady Macbeth gives in act one scene five, Macbeth
is resolved not to go through with the killing of the king. However, Lady Macbeth says
that it would be on his manliness and his bravery if he didnt. This then convinces Macbeth
to commit regicide. Although Macbeth has the final say in whether or not to go through
with the initial killing, he loves his wife and wants to make her happy. She is the
dominating individual in the relationship which is shown in her soliloquy, This have I
thought good to deliver thee, my dearest partner of greatness, that thou mightst not lose
dues by rejoicing by being ignorant of what greatness is promised the. Lay it to thy heart,
and Farewell.(I, V, 7-10) Once Macbeth kills for the first time, he has no choice but to
continue to cover up his wrong doings, or risk loosing everything he has worked so hard
for. In the end, it all comes to Macbeth himself. Everyone is responsible for his own
destiny. This is an essential theme in this tragedy. Macbeth, chooses to gamble with his
soul and when he does this, it is only him who chooses to lose it. He is responsible for
anything he does and must take total accountability for his actions. Macbeth is the one
who made the final decision to carry out his actions. He made these final decisions and
continued with the killings to cover that of King Duncan. The killing of Duncan starts an
unstoppable chain of events in the play that ends with the murder of Macbeth and the
suicide of Lady Macbeth. In the beginning, Macbeth had all of the qualities of an
honorable gentleman who could become anything. This is all shattered when his spirit
overrides his sense of honorability. Although Macbeth is warned as to the validity of the
witches prophesies, he is tempted and refuses to listen to reason from Banquo. When the
second set of prophesies Macbeth receives begin to show their faults Macbeth blames the
witches for deceiving him with half truths. While the witches are not totally responsible for
the actions of Macbeth, they are responsible for introducing the ideas to Macbeth which in
turn fired up Macbeth’s ambition and led to a disastrous and Words
/ Pages : 567 / 24