Lord of the Flies

Children all over the world hold many of the same characteristics. Most
children are good at heart, but at times seem like little mischievous
devils. Children enjoy having fun and causing trouble but under some
supervision can be obedient little boys an d girls. Everybody, at one
time in their lives, was a child and knows what it is like to have no
worries at all. Children have their own interests and react to different
things in peculiar and sometimes strange ways. For example, children are
enchanted
with Barney and his jolly, friendly appearance without realizing that he
is actually a huge dinosaur. In the novel The Lord of the Flies, by
William Golding, one can see how children react to certain situations.
Children, when given the opportunity, wo uld choose to play and have fun
rather than to do boring, hard work. Also, when children have no other
adults to look up to they turn to other children for leadership. Finally,
children stray towards savagery when they are w! ithout adult authority.
Therefore, Golding succeeds in effectively portraying the interests and
attitudes of young children in this novel.
When children are given the opportunity, they would rather envelop
themselves in pleasure and play than in the stresses of work. The boys
show enmity towards building the shelters, even though this work is
important, to engage in trivial activities. Af ter one of the shelters
collapses while only Simon and Ralph are building it, Ralph clamours, “All
day I’ve been working with Simon. No one else. They’re off bathing or
eating, or playing.” (55). Ralph and Simon, though only children, are
more mature a nd adult like and stray to work on the shelters, while the
other children aimlessly run off and play. The other boys avidly choose
to play, eat, etc. than to continue to work with Ralph which is very
boring and uninteresting. The boys act typically of m ost children their
age by being more interested in having fun than working. Secondly, all
the boys leave Ralph’s hard-working group to join Jack’s group who just
want to have fun. The day after the death of Simon when Piggy ! and Ralph
are bathing, Piggy points beyond the platform and says, “That’s where
they’re gone. Jack’s party. Just for some meat. And for hunting and for
pretending to be a tribe and putting on war-paint.”(163). Piggy realizes
exactly why the boys have gone to Jack’s, which would be for fun and
excitement. The need to play and have fun in Jack’s group, even though
the boys risk the tribe’s brutality and the chance of not being rescued,
outweighs doing work with Ralph’s group which increase their chance s of
being rescued. Young children need to satisfy their amusement by playing
games instead of doing work. In conclusion, children are more interested
in playing and having fun than doing unexciting labor.
When children are without adults to look to for leadership, they look for
an adult-like person for leadership. At the beginning of the novel, when
the boys first realize they are all alone, they turn to Ralph for
leadership. After Ralph calls the first meeting, Golding writes, “There
was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked him out: there was his
size, and attractive appearance, and most obscurely, yet most powerfully,
there was the conch. The being that had sat waiting for them.” (24). The
b oys are drawn to Ralph because of his physical characteristics and
because he had blown the conch. The fact that there are no adults has
caused the boys to be attracted to Ralph as a leader. The physical
characteristics of Ralph remind the boys of their
parents or other adult authority figures they may have had in their old
lives back home. There is also the conch that Ralph holds which may
remind the boys of a school bell or a teacher’s whistle. Finally, at the
end of the!
novel, the boys turn to Jack to satisfy their need for some much-needed
leadership. When the boys are feasting on the meat of a freshly killed
sow, the narrator says:
Jack spoke ‘Give me a drink.’ Henry brought him a shell and he drank.
Power lay in the blown swell of his forearms; authority sat on his
shoulder and chattered in his ear like an ape. ‘All sit down.’ The boys
ranged themselves in rows on the grass before him. (165)
Jack now has full authority over the other boys. The boys look to Jack for
his daunting leadership which intimidates them. Jack is very forceful and
his ways most likely remind the boys of authoritative figures in their
pastwho may have strapped, beaten or used other forms of violence when
disciplining the children. Therefore, the children when left without
adult authority figures turn to others who can replace that adult
authority figure.
In addition to seeking adult-like authority figures, children lose
their innocence and stray towards savagery when not around adult
authority. When the boys have been on the island for a short time, they
start to show more violence, but when they realiz e what they have done
they become contrite, embarrassed by their actions. After Maurice
destroys Percival’s sandcastle and some sand gets in Percival’s eye, the
narrator writes:
Percival began to whimper with an eyeful of sand and Maurice hurried
away. In his other life Maurice had received chastisement for filling a
younger eye with sand. Now, though there was no parent to let fall a
heavy hand, Maurice still felt unease of wrongdoing. (65)
Maurice has hurt Percival but feels bad about it because in his past life
he would have been punished for it. Without adults, Maurice is turning
towards barbarianism but has not been away from the order and discipline
of his previous life to be considere d a savage. Children misbehave when
not around adults because there is no one to discipline or punish them.
Yet, for a brief time after the children have been away from adults, the
children will feel remorseful. Also, after the boys have been absent fr
om structured discipline, they become blatant savages and retain
absolutely no innocence. When Piggy and Ralph visit Castle Rock to get
back Piggy’s glasses, Golding says: Roger, with a sense of delirious
abandonment, leaned all his weight on the lever. The rock struck Piggy.
Piggy fell forty feet and landed on his back across that square across
that square red rock in the sea. His head opened and stuff came out and
turned red. (200)
Without apprehension, Roger performs the horrible and violent act of
killing Piggy. Roger has now been without adults to discipline him for
quite a long time and his actions have become more intensely brutal. The
boys have been unpunished for so long tha t they continually become more
and more violent and thus, have made the final step to becoming all out
savages. Typically, children are reprimanded for their misbehavior and as
they mature, what is right and what is wrong becomes embedded in their
brains
to the point where they almost never stray towards uncivilized behaviour.
Clearly children can quickly forget what is right and what is wrong,
especially when being away from adults for an extended period of time,
often resulting in a loss of innocence.
Lastly, at the end of the novel when around the naval officer arrives,
the boys return to their old ways of being orderly and civilized. When
Ralph is chased onto the beach by Jack’s tribe and finds the naval
officer, the na! rrator says, “A semi-circle of little boys, their bodies
streaked with coloured clay, sharp sticks in their hands, were standing on
the beach making no noise at all.” (221). The previously wild savages are
now quiet little boys in an orderly semi-circle.
With the arrival of an adult authority figure from the outside world,
the boys are beginning to return to the decorum of their innocent, more
childlike past. The boys are in a semi-circle instead of in a pack of
savages, they are coloured with clay ins tead of gaudy war-paint, they are
holding sticks instead of spears and they are absolutely as quiet as they
would have been around adults in their previous lives. Children are
usually more ordered, disciplined and civilized under adult supervision
just a s the boys are the instant they see the naval officer. To
summarize, when not around adult order, discipline and punishment,
children become very much like savages and lose most of their innocence.
In conclusion, in the novel The Lord of the Flies, Golding
succeeds in showing the actions, decisions and thinking of young children.
Children would choose to play and have fun rather than work. When
children need to look for leadership and there are n o adults around to
provide this, children look for another child who has adult-like qualities
for leadership. Children are disobedient, violent and lose their
innocence when there are no adults to supervise them. A child’s life is a
long and winding roa d in which they can be sidetracked quite easily.

Lord Of The Flies

The adventure novel, The Lord of the Flies, was an epic tale that depicted the different
facets of the human spirit. It was written by William Golding in the 1950’s and recieved
many awards. Idt was declared the “Outstanding Novel of the Year” by E.M. Forrester.
The author did in no wat mean for this story to be biographical, but Mr. Golding depicted
well the many different aspect of human nature. The book has been described as
“provacative, vivid and enthralling,” but Time and Tide said it best when they wrote, “It is
not only a first-rate adventure story but a parable of our times.”
The novel took place on an island probably somewhere in the middle of the
Atlantic. This can be inferred because of the fact that the boys are British and that they
arrived on the island by way of a plane cradsh. The story also occurred during wartime.
The story begins when a group of British boys crash on an uninhabited island. In
the beginning they area all unruly and unmorginized. Finally, a boy by the nakme of Ralph
decides to take charge and call a meeting. The boys declare him “chief” and then begin to
follow his lead. Ralph is also assisted by another lad by the name of Piggy. The group of
boys were getting along fine until Jack Merridew, a boy who wanted to be “chief” instead,
decided to go his own way. He disobeyed Ralph and did things his own way. He was to
preoccupied witdh his own whims to do the act that was most important on the island,
which was to keep the signal going so they could be rescued. Finally, Jack went against
Ralph and declared that if any of the other boys wanted to have “fun,” which meant acting
like savages, that they should follow him. The boys splot up into two groups and then
havoc insued. Jacks group went around hunting and being barbaric while the others tried
to get rescued. In the end Jack had gotten all the boys except Ralph to run around loke
wild animals. Then when Jack got tired of dealing with Ralph, he convinced wveryone to
try and kill him. By then however, a navy ship had come an they could never get around
to the nasty deed.
There was more than one antagonist in the story, The Lord of the Flies. They
were Ralph, Piggy, and all the other boys who tried to sustain order and law on the island.
To begin with, Ralph was the “first” chief on the island. In the beginning, he was the one
who tdook charge of the group okf boys and called them to order. He tried to organize a
strategy dto get off the island and make all the boys understand why it was he was doing
what he was doing. Piggy was basically Ralph’s “right-hand” man. He was probably the
mkore natural leader, but since he did not possess the confidence to stand up alone, he did
all he wanted to do “through” Ralph. These boys were the antagonists because they
desperately tried to get off the island and tried not to let anyone or anything get in their
way.
The antagonist in the story in the story was Jack Merridew. He was the boy in the
story who openly showed his dislike for the procedures Ralph was taking as chief of the
island. He continually disobeyed Ralph and eventually broke off and went his own
direction. In turn, many of the boys followed Jack and his “savage philosophy.” Jack and
these boys started their own “tribe” and ended up causing more problems than they
solved. He also prevented Ralph from being an effective leader by basically taking away
all his power. When the other boys saw how much “fun” Jack was having they all left
Ralph and followed every action Jacck took. When the boys left, Rallph did not have
many boys helping him, dtherefore, he could not accomploish the simple taske of keeping
the signal fire going.
The theme of the novel was the fact that even the most avid attempts to be
civilized will be squandeered by the savage nature of the human spirit. The group of boys
were stranded on the island with almost no chance of survival and persevered through it
all. One of the most sensible boys, Ralph, eeven tried to organize the group and get them
to follow his instructions. He had them gbuild shelters and construct a smoke signal that
would run throughout the day. In the beginning the group carried these instructions out,
but then anarchy overtook them. Jack Merridew proceeded to disregard all of Ralph’s
instructions and followed his own whims and fancies. His plan while he was on the island
was to hunt and have “fun.” He did not realize that his savage nature was beginning to
surface and by the time he did realize this it was too late, the way of life had consumed
him. The author attempts to show the reader that people must overcome their own basic
faults before they can live in active, productove, and functioning society. “The theme is an
attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of juman natrue.” -William
Golding.
In the novel, The Lord of the Flies, the main conflict was between Ralph and Jack.
The two boyks comkpletely differed in their approach on what to do while stranded on the
island. This brought about many confrontations that further increased the animosity
between them. “Jack stood up as he said this, the bloodied knife in his hand. The two
boys faced each other. There was the brilliant world of hunting, tactics, fierce
exhilaration, skill; and there was the world of longing and baffled commonsense.” – pg. 71.
There was was also the conflict between the boys and the actual island. The boys were
flung into a place which was a mystery to them and through all adversity persevered and
survived in the most trying of circumsstances. There were no adults on the island, so the
boys were forced to organize themselves and their actions. Until savagery overtook them
in the end, the boys did an excellent job, considering the circumstances, of coordinating
their actions and surviving while on the island. They had sufficiently fed themselves with
the fruit that was available and had a ready supply of drinking water when it was needed.
The two previously discussed conflicts were both external and a combination of “Man
versus Another” and “Man versus Nature.”
The novel, The Lord of the Flies, contains many literary devices used to enhance
the reader’s grasp on the novels concepts. “The coral was scribbled in the sea as though a
giant had bewnt down to reproduce the shape o the island in a flowing chalk line but tired
before he had finished.” – pg. 29. This passage is comparing the coral reef in the ocean
to the unfinished scribblings of a giant and is a good example of a simile because it using
the word “as.” “The breezes that on the lagoon had chased their tails like kittens were
finding their way across the platform and into the forest.” – pg. 34. This statement is
saying that the breezes on the lagoon were reocurring like kittens chasing their own tails
and is another good example of a simile. ” …whole limbs yielded passionately to the
yellow flames that poured upwards and shook a great beardof flame twenty feet in the
air.” – pg. 41. This quote is saying that limbs of trees “yielded” to flames and since tree
limbs cannot perform this human quality consciensly, this is an example of personification.
“When these breezes reached the platform the palm fronds would whisper winged things
in the shade.” – pg. 15. Once again, this sentence is implying that the palm fronds were
whispering, and since a plant cannot perform this act this is another example of
personification. “Suddenly Piggy was a bubble with decorous excitement.” – pg. 15. This
statement furhter clarifies what Piggy looked like in the reader’s mind so this is an
example of imagery. ” …the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased
to exist.” – pg. 181. This excerpt also clearly states what the conch looked like so this is
an example of imagery. “‘There
“‘Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill!’ said the head.
‘You knew didn’t you? I’m part of you? Close, close, close! I’m the reason why it’s no
go? Why things are what they are?'” – pg. 143. This is what “The Lord of the Flies” said
to Simon while he was in the forest. The “Lord” meant that it was funny how the boys
thought that the Beast was an animal that they could hunt and kill when it was really their
own human thoughts and desires. How the whole time they were looking for something
up on the mountain when all they had to do was look at themselves. It is important to the
message of the story because it the first instance where the author reveals and one of the
boys realizes what the group is really up against. Mr. Golding shows the reader that the
following sequence of events will depict the darkest sides of each of the boys and that they
will have to overcome themselves in order to have any chance at survival.

Lord Of The Flies

Symbolism in Lord of the Flies The story, Lord of the Flies, has many interesting symbols relating adult society to kids surviving on an island. Many of the characters and items in this novel such as Jack or the conch can be interpreted on a macroscopic scale but the most important being this; a microcosm of children on an island makes a great symbolic message about human nature, society and how grown-ups live and govern – and how they cannot. When you consider the time period this book was written, you can see where Golding got some of his inspiration. Europe was still recovering after WW2 and the author probably wanted to comment on the political turmoil during the 50s. The island is a microcosm of the world during this time, and its scar represents human destruction once the kids were dropped or “reborn” on the island. If we look at the book as a political statement we can already sense leaders and followers. Obviously, Ralph, described as a good-looking, relying on common sense type of regular fellow, is the likable, fair, and even admired, democratic leader. He has a few loyal advisors and following. Piggy, a smart chubby boy, represents the scientific community and logical thinking, with glasses that represent clarity, civilization and the power to get back. He is essentially Ralph’s method of governing. Sam ‘n Eric, the twin labourers, stuck with Ralph until the end and did a lot of cooperative activities for Ralph. They were the hut builders, fire tenders and wood gatherers. The little ones also liked Ralph. They were the citizens and at times were happy but slowly grew discontent as paradise became hell. Throughout the story the little ones didn’t do much but in the beginning they did vote Ralph in and basically brought him into power. Because the people elected Ralph, he therefore is a true democratic ruler. He passes the conch symbolizing order around, lets others talk, follows rules and does not intend to break them himself. There’s trouble enforcing the laws just like our democracies, today. However, we are still free-living citizens, much like the kids under Ralph’s reign. Jack and Roger are the complete opposite. Jack represents the savagery and hate in all of us. Starting out as a choirboy, he slowly evolves into the hunting “Chief” of the opposition party. Methods used by Hitler were also used by Jack. Total control such as binding and strapping Wilfred and propaganda like using the beast to inspire fear and presenting himself as the only protection is used in his dictatorial rule. He overthrows Ralph with fun, and then proceeds to use muscle once he had friends like Roger. Roger is his right hand man but is even worse. He starts out throwing rocks, moves on to torturing pigs and in the end he intentionally kills Piggy. He was a terror while torturing with Sam n’ Eric and the executioner when he killed Piggy. He is what Jack uses to rule, much like Hitler’s personal guard and is even more extreme and totalitarian than Jack. Jack and Roger’s rise to power mirror real life events. Ralph giving Jack control of the choir near the beginning of the book is reflective on many of the European dictator’s rise to power during WW2. Weak leaders of the Western world did not enforce the Treaty of Versailles nor did they resist the annexations done by Hitler before the war. Nobody opposed him till it was too late much like this novel. Ralph tried, and their own little “war” broke out when the fire was stolen and continued until Ralph was saved by chance when the navy came, similar to the United States shifting the balance near the end of the war. Simon is the primary religious and good figure because of his spiritual and prophetic ways. Never violent and pretty much alone is what he’s like throughout the story. He says to Ralph, “All the same. You’ll get back all right. I think so, anyway.” He hangs out in a tranquil spot in the book and plays with a lizard there in the movie, it was a gentle scene and he is depicted as a small, frail character. These qualities make him innocent and pure but he was also the first to figure out what the beast really was. Shy and embarrassed he hides the fact that the beast may really be their inner fears, which is exactly what the beast represented. The beast turned out to be nothing more than a dead parachutist, who is freed by Simon, which in turn, frees the other boys’ fears. He also experienced a “vision” like Moses while sitting next to the pig head also know as the Lord of the Flies, something that inspires fear and exploits the insecurities that the boys hold. This is a lot like the Devil people during the Middle Ages were so afraid of. To Simon, it represents danger and a bad omen because he falls victim to it while running away. The beast says, “-Or else, we shall do you. See? Jack and Roger and Maurice and Robert and Bill and Piggy and Ralph. Do you. See?” The pig head was correct; Simon is killed by the whole group of dancing boys. The pigs themselves may represent some sort of adult or feminine role because of the absence of females on this island. The pigs are the source of recreation, food and comfort for Jack’s group. The language also suggests it, in Chapter Eight the group was “…fulfilled upon her.” They were also “…wedded to her in lust…” Painted, hunting “mothers” and nameless, tells us they’re moving away from society, going back to a primitive state. The pigs though triggered this behavior. Lord of the Flies is filled with symbolism and can be expressed in political terms or in a religious sense. There are many messages between the lines but the last one may be the most important. The ending takes them back to adult society and the real world. The boys stop and let the officer take care of business… but he does not. The adult simply turns his back and lets the boys pull together, abandoning them. “The officer, surrounded by these noises, was moved and a little embarrassed. He turned away to give them time to pull themselves together; and waited, allowing his eyes to rest on the trim cruiser in the distance.”
English Essays

Lord Of The Flies

Lord Of The Flies In the book The Lord of the Flies the author uses the conch as a symbol of unity. At the beginning of the story the conch was spotted by a boy named Ralph who did not know what it was, but the other boy named Piggy sed that it was called a conch. Piggy had an idea to blow it to get other people on the island to come to them. After Ralph retrieved the conch from the lagoon Piggy showed Ralph how to blow it. His first couple of tries were weak, then he bellowed into it . The conch made a deep, harsh noise .

After a few blows boys started to come out out of the jungle . The conch is what first united the stranded boys together. The author also used the conch as a sign of power, because after the boys were together they decided that they needed a chief so they chose Ralph because he used the conch to call the others to them. Ralph also used the power of the conch to quiet the boys . When he wanted their attention and for them to be quiet he would hold up the conch and wait for them to be quiet and pay attention.

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He also used it to call the boys back to camp. At the beginning the boys went out to look for water but by the time they found some Ralph had blew on the conch to call them back to camp . The conch was used by Ralph to call the boys to a meeting. During the meetings a person could only speak if they raise their hand and hold up the conch . At the meeting to discuss the fire Ralph blew on the conch to call them to the meeting .

After everyone was seated Ralph lifted the conch for them to be silent then he began to explain that they were on an uninhabited island with no grownups so they would have to look after themselves . Thats when Ralph made the rules about the conch at the meetings. He tried to boost there moral by making the island sound fun. In the book when Ralph notices that the conch has been paretically bleached by the sun and had become a creamy-pink color. The author used the fading color of the conch to show that the boys were growing apart.

Because thats when you really notice that Jack holds no regard for Ralphs rules and rather go his own way. At the same meeting is when the little boy speaks out about a beast that Simon clames isnt real and the beast is inside man himself. Jack insists that they need to hunt more , but Ralph doesnt agree with him and instead he said they needed to build shelters incase another storm came like the one they encountered upon their arrival . Ralph also said their first priority is to get rescued and to get rescued they needed more smoke. But Jack still insisted they needed to hunt more.

Jacks defiance shows that he will soon go his own way. Near the end of the book when the conch is destroyed and Piggy is killed by a huge boulder that was rolled down a hill at the castle rock by Roger. After Jack and some other boys split off into their own tribe . They set up camp at a place they called Castel Rock . Piggy was upset that they had taken his glasses.

So Ralph and Piggy went to go and get them back. Ralph told Piggy to get the conch to take it with them, as if he thought it still possessed power over Jacks tribe. When they got down there Ralph asked for Jack. When Jack came out Ralph told him to give Piggys glasses back. After some arguing over the fire among other things Roger started tossing rocks down at them from the top of the castle rock. Roger still had one hand on the lever that was wedged under the boulder while he was throwing the rocks.

Then Roger, with a sense of delirious abandonment, leaned all his weight on the lever and the boulder went crashing down the hill. The rock struck Piggy with a hard blow from his chin to his knee. The conch exploded into a million white fragments and ceased to exist. Piggy, without saying anything not even time for a grunt sailed through the air sideways of the big red boulder he fell forty feet and landed on his back on a square rock in the sea. His head was split and stuff was coming out, then the waves sucked him out in to the sea. When the conch exploded the author used this to show that there is no more order and that the boys were completely divided.

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