.. trated by common sayings such as, I don’t know why I did it or I didn’t think he had it in him. But most of us do not develop distinct separate personalities. Bibliography Specific Neurotic Patterns, pg. 245 – 247 The Minds of Billy Miligan, Keyes, Daniel Mental Disorders, Martin, Ruth, Crowell Co. 1992, pg.
23 – 25 The Voices Within Movie http://www.dhearts.org http://www.aniota.com/~anita/desire.html FIRST PERSON PLURAL: My Life as a Multiple Cameron West, Ph.D Silencing the Voices Jean Darby Cline, Berkley June 1997 http://www.asarian.org/~astraea/household/manifest .html I Never Promised You a Rose Garden Movie What actually are dreams? Dreaming is a different state of consciousness. Brains are in constant activity and constantly giving odd brain waves. Dreams are a communication of mind, body, and spirit. During dreams the mind reviews long and short term memory. Dreams are mysteries of the mind and adventures of the sleeping brain. While sleeping, there are two different classifications. These two classifications are paradoxical sleep, also known as rapid eye movement (REM) and orthodox sleep also known as non-REM sleep (Craig 1).
During REM is the time the brain dreams. REM occurs every sixty to ninety minutes. Dreams last from five to thirty minutes. Dreams are important to our sleeping brain (Koch-Sheras 6). During sleep the body is functioning at a very low level. The brain is constantly giving off electric brain waves.
During non-REM the brain waves are slow and large while the body is calm. During REM brain waves speed up and become smaller, the body’s heart rate also speeds up. REM occupies about twenty percent of the night. While the brain is dreaming, it is in the stage of REM. While the brain dreams it may have imaginary, but real experiences.
During dreams some sleepers may take part in the story or just watch the tale unfold. There are many different types of dreams. These dreams include lucid dreaming, nightmares, and fantasies. In lucid dreaming the sleeper is conscious he/she is dreaming and of what is going on. In some cases the dreamer may be allowed to control their dream (Loyd 84). This is an exciting experience.
Besides lucid dreams, there are nightmares. These are frightening dreams that may wake the sleeper up feeling axioms or fearful. Nightmares are usually causes of real life anxieties or fears. Nightmares mostly occur in children because of their growing minds and wonders. Along with nightmares, there are also night terrors. These are more terrifying than nightmares and occur in children from ages three to five years old.
Night terrors are more common in men than in women. Night terrors usually are the cause of sleeping disorders, such as sleepwalking and sleep talking. Other than nightmares there are fantasies. Daydreams are considered fantasies, which means anything your mind conjures while awake. Daydreams are usually enjoyable, but in other cases they are frightening.
All daydreams tend to involve some emotion, they also may replay events that have happened during the dreamer present day life. During a daydream the dreamers mind begins to wander and he/she loses their self in an imagined scenario. If this scenario becomes fearful it is known as a day mare. Day mares, may prevent the dreamer from having nightmares in the future. Additionally everyone dreams. This includes babies, animals, people of all ages, and the blind. Everyone dreams during REM.
Though everyone dreams, some may not remember their dreams. All people that know of colors, dream in color. There are many different types if dreams, that may show the dreamer signs In studies shown, there are differences in men and women’s dreams. Because of their lifestyles, dreams have become more similar in modern times (Kock-Sheras). Some sleepers view dreams as if they are watching, but some view as if they take a part in their dream.
Dreams last five to thirty minutes and are as long as they seem. Many people have different dreams every night. Others can return to a dream from a previous night, or some may dream at will (Gonalez-Wippler 32). Dreams may mean a number of different signs. There are numerous different symbols that stand for a myriad of different things.
Many studies have shown that dreams are related to the dreamers deep wishes and fears. Other experts say dreams reflect our past and may reflect our future. There are a number of books that may tell the meaning of dreams (Dreams). Dreams consist of several different objects. During dreams there is very little logical thought. Events seem to occur that couldn’t happen in real life. While dreaming most people have the ability to see, hear, smell, touch, and taste. The majority of cases the dreamer can’t control what is happening, but when he/she can this is know as lucid dreaming.
All dreams form a story and the dreamer usually form a story and the dreamer usually takes part in the story (Dreams). While dreaming studies have shown that dreams are affected by movies, literature, and music. Also most people’s dreams are affected by feelings and present day life. A multitude of people believe that all dreams mean something. There are numerous signs and symbols that people believe will help guide their life (Auerbach 15-16).
Without sleep no one would live a beneficial life. Sleep depravation leads to paranoia, hallucination, and irrational judgment and behavior. Sleep helps the mind and brain rest. Sleep depravation may lead to sleep disorders, such as sleepwalking and sleep talking. Sleepwalkers tend to have a number of night terrors, this leads to sleep talking. Sleepwalking doesn’t occur during REM. Sleepwalking is only one of the many sleep disorders.
There are different stages the brain experiences while sleeping. These stages are called the Sleep Cycle. Stage one is non-REM sleep. During this stage the sleeper’s muscles relax, pulse and breathing slows down, and temperature drops slightly. Stage two, random images float through the mind and the relaxation process continues.
After that, stage three is non-REM. As the sleeper is going through this process, The sleepers muscles loosen, and blood pressure falls. During stage four the sleeper is in a deep sleep and is prepared to sleep, but is still in non-REM. Finally, stage five begins. This is REM, the sleeper’s eyes start to move rapidly, their pulse quickens, and the sleeper finally begins to dream.
In conclusion, dreams are mysteries. Studies have shown a number of different things, but we still have much to uncover. Dreams my carry symbols, and some people believe they may tell the future. Dreaming keeps the sleeper’s mind conscious while he/she is asleep. Even though dreaming only occupies twenty percent of the night it may reveal more than one thing.
By dreaming we decide on big decisions. Dreaming not only helps us physically but also mentally. Lucid Dreams: the First Virtual Reality Psychological Sean Pasinsky For ages people have thought of dreams as curses or blessings that we could not prevent nor manipulate. This “place” called our dreams has constantly puzzled us, because it is here where all things are possible and seem to occur. In our dreams we perform superhuman and wonderful feats that would normally be impossible in the “awake world”. We find the men or women of our dreams, depending on our sexual orientation.
While we dream, these wonderful things become our temporary reality. Yet sometimes while dreaming we may experience the most horrifying events imaginable, called nightmares. Everyone has their own version of horror, my most terrifying nightmare has been where my family and friends have been taken control of by evil monsters that cannot be stopped. Rather than kill me they make me watch old 1970’s television shows over and over. For years, men have thought that there should be a way of preventing or controlling these nightly events. Humans must, like any animal, sleep.
We do not fully understand why we must sleep. We only know that if we are deprived of sleep long enough that we will most certainly die. The same is true for dreams and dreaming(1). If we sleep long enough we will reach an advanced stage of sleep where our body begins to experience rapid eye movement (REM). It is during this REM period that we experience most of our dreams.
Many scientists try to speculate the reasons for dreaming through biological our psychological means. This proves to be very frustrating for someone trying to find empirical meaning and truth about his or her dreams. There are countless books written about dreams with just as many different interpretations and meanings for specific dream references. For psychics, astrologists, or psychologists who attempt to interpret dreams, there are numerous factors that must be considered when endeavoring to find meaning in a dream. Because of these numerous factors that contribute to the condition of dreaming, many different paths have been created for exploration.
From Freud’s sexual symbolism to the current random recollection theories diversity in dream interpretation abounds. However, there is a way to dream and not be at the mercy of your subconscious mind. I was at an interview for chiropractor school I found out about a psychologist at Stanford University, by the name of Steven Laberge, has been studying dreams and the physiology of the human body during the dream state. His research may sound commonplace if it weren’t for the added fact that he is training people to control their dreams. His subjects are learning to become aware of their dream experience as it is happening.
Once they are aware of their dream they can simply take complete command of their dream and can consciously cause anything to happen. To the semi-conscious mind the experience is virtually identical to being awake. This concept is nothing new, in fact many of us will experience at least one of these dreams in our lifetime. There are a variety of stimuli that he uses to induce this state of mind. One method is playing a tape recording of the phrase This is a dream during the sleeper’s REM. He may also use conditioned tactile stimuli.
Light, however, appears to be the best stimulus means of providing an external cue to the sleeper that they are dreaming. This is because environmental light seems to be easily incorporated into dreams and, when properly conditioned, reminds dreamers that they are dreaming. Use of a special light device has been promising: 55% of 44 subjects had at least one lucid dream during one study. The possibilities for human progression that this concept creates seem to have no bounds. For years psychologists and others have sought to find a perfect semi-conscious state of mind where a subject will have a strong link with their subconscious and may even interact with an interviewer using this frame of mind.
Another name for this state of mind is called hypnosis. Although the “lucid” state of mind that Dr. Laberge’s patients experience is not completely conscious or subconscious, they are still asleep, and the world that they are in is very detailed and just as realistic as our waking world. That is what puzzles most people who look into his research. Although not mentioned by Dr. Laberge in his studies, I think that there is a definite opportunity for a great unlocking of the secrets of the human mind. Many practical applications exist for lucid dreaming.
There are of course the obvious, nightmare therapy, self-confidence enhancing, and general mental health improvements, but there are so many more ideas not yet explored. Some of these may include depression therapy for physically handicapped people allowing them a very real sort of fantasy fulfillment. Paralytics can walk, dance, fly, or do as they wish sexually whenever they choose. The possibilities for creative problem solving seem to be obviously enhanced. There even seems to be a great amount of possible sensorimotor practice that could possibly be used by stroke or other nerve damaged patients. And finally to quote Dr. Laberge, “lucid dreaming can function as a world simulator.
Just as a flight simulator allows people to learn to fly in a safe environment, lucid dreaming could allow people to learn to live in any imaginable world; to experience and better choose among various possible futures.” What makes humans extraordinary in the animal kingdom is our awareness of being. It is an awareness of our life and existence coupled with our advanced capacity to reason that makes us different than the other animals of the Earth. I believe that it may not only be our awareness of thought, but the exact capability of being aware somehow of our subconscious motivations. A strong sense of our subconscious can be obtained in a state of sleep where the sleeper is fully aware not only that he or she is dreaming, but that he or she is actually sleeping. Humans can now do this regularly without any type of influencing hypnotic suggestion given by a hypnotist. This state of mind seems to be more powerful than any kind of hypnosis, even self-hypnosis. I believe that somewhere locked inside our minds is an empirical understanding of our existence not just an awareness.