Khieng Ngoy Professor Lash Critical Thinking March 15, 1999 UFO PHENOMENONS Two brothers by the name of Jesse and John noticed an odd looking metallic structure down the hill near their house in Rogerville, Tennessee. When they turned around, a very tall slender humanoid-like being emitted a bright light from his stick and thats when he and his brother blacked out. When Jesse awoke, he found himself being carried through metal corridors, and then he was placed on a cold table. Although Jesse was able to observe the surroundings, he said he was also paralyzed (Confirmation). Do you believe this story to be true of false? This is just one of many astonishing stories that have been told. Since the words unidentified flying objects were first used, there have been a few selected examples that can provide plausible proof for their existence.The history of UFOs and flying saucers surprisingly has been reported as early as 100 BC by Julius Obsequens. He was a 4th century Latin Poet who wrote, At sunset a circular object like a shield was seen to sweep across the sky from West to East (Tracker 12).
Strange sightings have been seen and written about but were never officially recorded as UFOs. In 1656, a Jesuit priest and scholar, Athanasius Kircher, wrote a book about two Angles that accompanied him on an out-of-body travel to the moon, sun, and five planets (Fitzgerald 4). These are just a couple of examples of early phenomenon, but it was not until the middle of the 20th century that mankind finally had the technology to fly and create an Air Force. It was an Air Force department search team that reported a strange sighting over the mountain peaks near the northern Pacific.Kenneth Arnold, a businessman and a veteran pilot, saw nine objects flying around the peaks similar to saucer plates skipping across water.
At the time of the sight, Kenneth Arnold was assisting the Air Force to search for a C-46 transport plane, which was reported to be missing. Reporters from all over the country received reports of the incident and consequently ran articles, which credited Arnold for the term flying saucers (Hendry 12). This then created a domino effect with people throughout the country reporting to have seen UFOs. According to a 1978 Gallup Poll, 13 million Americans have encountered aerial objects that they could not identify (1).
The complete book of UFOs stated that fifty percent of the American people think UFOs are real and that there are humanoid type beings like us that live on other plants in the universe (12). UFOs debunked as identified flying objects (IFOs) like weather phenomenons, planets, stars, man-made aerial crafts, vivid imaginations, and if anything else hoaxes. The reason for the confusion between UFOs and IFOs is because scientists believe average people cannot tell the difference between the two or have the knowledge about astronomy. In the middle of the century, amidst the paranoia of the Cold War, people were frightful of spy-like air crafts and missiles from the other powering nations.
Skeptics believe that this was the reason why it was known as the American quirk (Hendry 7).Americans were searching and anticipating some sort of objects from the sky. This was about the same time our government began having secret test flights and nuclear bombings. If a person was at the right vicinity, some people did indeed witness unusual flying objects made by mankind for the government. Since the government wanted to conceal their project from the American people, common folks therefore could not conceive nor explain the strange technologies that the government tried to build. What people could not recognize were assumed as UFOs. From The UFO Handbook, most IFOs are just the stars and planets doing things in an unusual array of lights.Thirty-five percent of all IFO encounters are related to the illusions that stars and planets make under special circumstances.
That is the reason why reported times are usually from dusk until dawn. Science contends that with the right angle of light source, and at a certain time of day, starlight can be refracted into a rapid sequence of colors. Astronomers claim that stars can be made to appear in motion due to long staring and the involuntary jerking movements of the human eye. A number of people have reported that stars are UFOs simply because it was following them. This is not true. Scientists determined that bright stars and planets have the illusions of following moving vehicles because the vehicle itself is in motion and the person was looking at the star, therefore having the illusion that the star or planet was following them (Hendry 26).
Skepticism about UFOs result from the hoaxes and stereotypes about the people who claimed to witnesses. These witnesses are stereotyped as mid-American folks whose relation with their families is anything but virtues. These are the kind of people who thinks that the and that their main hobby is to make moonshine to drink. In reality, most witnesses are not believed to be credible and are thought to lack a sense for reasoning. As bob Park, a physicist at University of Maryland stated, Calling in all the people who have seen strange things just gets you a roomful of strange people (Kestenbaum 21).
Scientist who discredited witnesses as strange of crackpots, should have had reevaluated their statements when they heard reports about UFOs during the Apollo 11 mission. On July 19, 1969, the crewmembers of Apollo 11 spotted an energy force pacing with the capsule showing a sign of intelligence. Neil Armstrong went to retrieve the camera, but the object vanished. All these information were transmitted back to the base where Walter Cronkite, a highly respected news anchor, stated, Neil Armstrong is not a man given to fanciful imagination and it wasnt just one of the crewmembers that saw it- they all did, and you have to respect those men (Oberg 38).
That night, astronauts experienced more than just landing on the moon. If astronauts cannot be credible then I dont know who is.In the late 1940s, UFO sightings rose to new heights. To keep all the sightings under control from the public, the government developed projects such as the Grudge (1940-52), Sign (1948-49), and the Blue Book (1953-69) (Sagan, Thorton 54).
The government acknowledged the projects gut did not admit to any such cover up. If so, then why is it that under section III, any pilot who reveals an official UFO report can be imprisoned for one to ten years and fined up to $10,000 (Title 18, U.S. Code, 793) (Keyhoe 13).In the Roswell incident in 1947, the Army first came out and stated at the first press meeting that they retrieved a flying saucer at Corona, New Mexico. The very next day, after the CIA arrived, the Army coincidentally retracted their first statement and said that it was only a government weather balloon (ISUR.com). It was very interesting that the Army could not recognize their own weather balloon until the CIA was there.
The government then confirmed that the alien bodies were test dummies used to test the experimental parachutes. In the Army record, the parachute tests were not tested for another five years after the incident (Confirmation). In 1955, the Maier sisters reported a recorded radio sound to be of alien messages.When the government heard about the radio sounds, they sent two officers from the Contact Division (CD) to investigate the tape. The officers then confiscated the tapes to be analyzed.
They found messages to be plain old Morse code. Leon Davidson, an UFOlogist who heard about the story, did not believe the government that easily. Davidson found out …