” explained?”Different representations of the past can be explained a numerous
amount of times due to what people witness, hear, and learn. The events on
21st-22nd of January, 1905, led Russia to revolutionize it’s whole country;
from modern technology, to economic factors bearing in work for all (as
most of Russia was working class, around 83 percent in total) and
education, for all to learn about the world and Russia itself not under any
rule of a revolutionary.
The evidence in each three accounts, Gapon, The New York Times (23rd,
Jan, 1905) and John Hay have brought and raised different notions and
events portrayed on the day.
Gapon was the leader of the crowd of workers, workers wives, workers
children, students, and the general public of this parade. Women walked in
front of him as a form of protection and body guarding his, if anything
where to happen to him those women would lay down their lives for him.
Police did not interfere with the procession as of yet, but escorted them
to the gates of the Winter Palace with their heads respecting the religious
emblems displayed. The crowd grew more patriotic for a more dramatic aspect
of the parade; this was for seeking attention (even as though the
procession was a compact mass). Infantry was spread through out the Narva
Gate needed for protection of the palace, they too did not know what to
expect but take orders from the Grand Duke. Gapon only wanted to reason
with the Tsar, as if it were a life and death situation to have a better
working situation to make life easier for most. This was unknown whether
the mob was armed. Unsure of what was to come and Gapon’s massive crowd
still approaching, they were fired upon, killing hundreds upon hundreds and
inuring many more, and, Gapon, escaping with it out a scratch. Soldiers
weren’t just shooting into the street filled with the crowd, but into
adjoining houses (this was because streets were large and no house was
defendable by any one as they were all connected, and all visible). This
mass murder was conceived to be work of the Tsar, but he was nowhere to be
found on this day. Soldiers did not come to the bodies for sometime, but
coming to find out they were unarmed, they thought this was ok because it
was an order, not what the Tsar would think or what the public, or even the
rest of the world would think. Medical examination brought arguments of no
one being armed, not a single rock nor weapon. As well being stated, “some
bodies were shot several times within the head, limbs or upper body”.
People also thought that this event was a key in people turning on a
Russian Tsar. Also, this had almost brought an end to the killing and
murder of smaller revolutionaries and revolutionary groups, most likely, as
it was such a large group murdered.
The New York Times (NYT) illustrated and elaborated on the public
nature of the event and the severity of the event. The NYT isn’t a Russian
borne newspaper, but New York, one of a giant-working capital in America.
Firstly, to bring to attention the NYT’s headline read “Led By Priest To
Death”; this states that they died for a cause, except for Gapon
(Martyrs?). The NYT labeled that the Tsar of Russia did not receive the
petition (by Gapon), possibly because of the slaughtering by his Army. The
NYT also stated that crowds were above thousands, killed and injured, were
among women and children, innocent bystanders, and students. It is said
that the Grand Duke was a butcher, as he ordered his carefully selected
soldiers to carry out his killing spree. Evidence for the number of wounds
inflicted to one of the many victims could be “… when once the blood gets
into men’s eyes, appetite grows …”. The NYT suggests the thoroughfares
(main road, access way) are easy to suppress with machine guns or rifles.
The NYT also claims “… victory has been won in the blood of reformers
…”. The NYT highlights that the Grand Duke is the Tsar’s cousin, which is
nepotism. The Grand Duke has never cared or sympathized for people lower
than him or “the people” (meaning Russian’s in a lower state of living).
The Tsar being the Father of the land, his children came to seek him, but
he was nowhere to be found, except for now, the people looking down on him
from Heaven. The simple public that had been shot thought of the Tsar to be
a good man, kind and giving, but for that they got death. This event has
stamped Russian history as the most shameful day.
The last account was of John Hay, Secretary of State for Washington.
In his account, things like Gapon’s criminal record, his image perceived by
the followers of him, come into place in a different perspective. His
follower’s took him as a Demy-God, rarely seeing him and what his done,
rather standing up with his voice and saying what is needed for workers. He
is also accused of being a renegade priest, thorough-paced revolutionist,
and a deceiver. Gapon deceived the workingmen into a belief that a purpose
was to aid their condition. The other thought of such a massive group was
for them to capture the Emperor and hold him as hostage; a threatening way
of getting what he wanted. As the Tsar had eliminated most of the
revolutionary groups in Russia, he could have arrested Gapon instead of
bringing such mass of people to raise a threatening voice. (How could it
been perceived by the Tsar and Grand Duke of talking calmly, face to face
with thousands and one man?). One important aspect that Gapon should have
considered was not go as threatening, instead to take a group of well
formed workmen that were well represented and could speak for themselves
not under one other’s voice. John Hays account brought a good point of
action, a few Palace guards couldn’t control such a large group and so the
last thing to do was to call in the Army. The crowd did throw comments and
hustling the officers. The crowd was told to disperse, and were told by
guards as if it was with emotion by some of them, possibly knowing what the
outcome would have been. (Moral? Was not a killer but a soldier?) The
attacks at first weren’t as bad as the solution to the halt of the
procession, but it did leave its mark in Russia’s shameful conclusion of a
smaller revolution in Russia.