Hamlet Madness “Hamlets Unknown Madness” The marriage of the king and queen within two months of the death of Hamlets father had left Hamlet disillusioned, confused, and suspicious of Claudius, the King of Denmark. In Act I, Scene V, Hamlets belief in his fathers “real ghost” had him in an outrage and, he thus vows to avenge his fathers death. Ophelia encountered Hamlet in her private chambers and observed that he was disturbed.
She was very disturbed and afraid because, “Lord Hamlet, with his doublet all unbracd; no hat upon his head; his stockings fould ungartred, and down-gyved to his ankle; pale as his shirt; his knees knocking each other..” (1409). Hamlet truly loves Ophelia, but at that particular moment, he did not want to express his feelings to her.
Ophelia tells her dad, Polonius, about her meeting with Hamlet and Polonius concludes that Hamlet is nothing but a love struck fool who has gone mad. Polonius wanted to assure the king and queen that he knows, “the very cause of Hamlets lunacy” (1411). The king and queen were skeptical to believe Polonius story of Hamlets lust and lunacy for Ophelia. Polonius effort to damage Hamlets reputation will not end there. Polonius approached the king and queen with a letter that can prove his theory of Hamlets madness.
Polonius said, “therefore, since brevity is the soul of wit, and tediousness the limbs and outward flourishes, I will be brief: your noble son is mad ” (1412).Even though the king heard Hamlets letter cited by Polonius, he conspired to find a solution for Hamlets madness in his own fashion. The king had Guilderstern and Rosencrantz act as spies so that they could either find or gain information toward Hamlets madness. After Hamlets request to the players to act out the Murder of Gonzago, Claudius was beginning to feel the wrath of his offense.
Claudius said, “O, my offence is rank, it smells to heaven; it hath the primal eldest curse upont, a brothers murder, pray can I not, though inclination be as sharp as will..” (1439). This is when Hamlets agonizing struggles became difficult.
Hamlet could have taken his revenge while Claudius was praying, but Hamlet was confused and couldnt avenge his fathers death while Claudius was purging his soul. Hamlet said, “why, this is hire and salary, not revenge..But in our circumstances and course of thought, tis heavy with him: and I then revengd, to take him in the purging of his soul, when he is fit and seasoned for his passage” (1440)? The king knows his guilt and when he prays he states, “my words fly up, my thoughts remain below: words without thoughts never to heaven go” (1440). It is in Act III, Scene IV, that we see Hamlet approach his mother Gertrude and question the way she had offended his father in which she married Hamlets uncle soon after her husbands death. The sneaky and witty Polonius was behind the curtain but Hamlet did not know it. While questioning his mother about the death of his father, he heard a voice coming from behind the curtain: Hamlet turned with sword in hand and stabbed the person behind the curtain.He said, “How now! A rat? Dead, for a ducat, dead” (1441)! At first, Hamlet thought he killed the king, but instead he killed Polonius in which he felt was better, “thou wretched, rash, intruding fool, farewell! I took thee for thy better: take thy fortune.
.(1441) Hamlet struggled throughout the play. Although he is an intelligent man, the madness that descended upon him with his supernatural observation of the ghost of his father leads to his death. Furthermore, toward the end of the play, I get a clear understanding that he had fulfilled the revenge of his father. From the unwary death of Ophelia, the poison drink that took Gertrudes life, the vengeful dual of death between Laertes and Hamlet, we see Hamlets unknown madness of revenge when Hamlet kills the king of Denmark.