Hamlet Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark and the rightful heir to the thrown of his dead father, should have been King of Denmark and would have been King, but his Uncle married Hamlets mother before he could claim his place. In the final act, Hamlet kills his uncle to avenge the murder of his father, but is poisoned and dies. If Hamlet had not been poisoned, survived the final act, and took over the thrown then he would of been the perfect Machiavellian ruler.

Hamlet had all the attributes described by Niccolo Machiavelli to be a leader of Denmarks monarchy. In Machiavellis famous document, The Ruler, the leader must show that he is a good man, but when the time comes he must be prepared to act ruthless and conniving, when ever he is too speak he must be constant in showing good faith, kindness, godliness, and honesty, he must be greatly loved by the people, and the rulers actions must always appear to be honourable and for the good of the state.Hamlet shows all of these attributes and therefore if he had lived past the fifth act he would have been one of the best King that Denmark ever had.

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When ever Hamlet is in public, he appears to be the most nobel and moral of men. Hamlet shows how great of a guy he right off the bat when we first meet him in act one. The scene takes place at the wedding of Hamlets Mother and Uncle who are entering into marriage right after the death of the King. Even though the Queen is doing something as disgusting and unholy as to marry the brother of her dead husband when his corpse hasnt even become stiff, Hamlet is able to keep his cool in front of everyone.The Queen asks Hamlet something and he responds calmly to her , I shall in my best to obey you, madam.(I, ii l.120). This is an amazing feet that Hamlet accomplishes to hold back his anger.

Later in the play Hamlet has no trouble being merciless. At one point, his friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, are taking him to England to be killed, but Hamlet sacrifices them to save himself. Although Hamlet seems to be the most honourable of men to the people of Denmark, he has no trouble being ruthless.If there is any one that show good faith, it has to be Hamlet. Through out the play Hamlet is just exploding with good faith because he is deeply troubled by the impious deed in which his mother married her brother inlaw. In the first act when he is alone, Hamlet goes on one particular incensed rant, yelling out, O God, a beast that wants discourage of reason/ Would have mourned longer-married with my uncle,/My fathers brother, but no more like my father then I to Hercules. Within a month,.

.she(the Queen) married. O, most wicked speed to post/ With such dexterity to incestuous sheets!(I, ii l.

150-157). Hamlet just says that a stupid animal would have mourned longer then his mother did and that his uncle is not even half the man that his father was that it is very disgusting that his mother married so quickly to his uncle. The fact that Hamlet is so put off show that he has good faith.Machiavelli also states that the ruler must always appear honourable and do what is the best for the country. Hamlet appears honourable through out the play and always does what is for the good of the state. In the last scene Hamlet shows the best example of being noble and doing the best for Denmark. Hamlet is poisoned and is about to die, Horatio wants to kill himself, and there is no one to take over the thrown so Hamlet says to Horatio, ..

I am dead;/Thou livest ; report me and my cause aright to the satisfied.(V,ii l.339-341).

All Hamlet is saying is that he wants Horatio to stay around to tell the story of Hamlet avenging the murder of his father, so his name is not tarnished.To fix the matter of no one on the thrown of Denmark, to this Hamlet tells Horatio, But I do prophesy th election lights/ On Fortinbras. He has my dying voice.

(V, ii l.356-357) which means that Hamlet has now left Fortinbras, the Prince of Norway, in charge of Denmark. Also in killing the murderous King, Hamlet does a great deed for the good of the country. The fact that Hamlet had Horatio stay alive to tell Hamlets story to keep his reputation and to have Fortinbras put in charge shows that Hamlet follows the code set by Machiavelli.

To fit the Machiavelli mold of a ruler, Hamlet must also show that he is honest. Hamlet is very blunt person. One particular scene where Hamlet is particular honest is with Ophelia when he tells her what he really thinks of her. Get thee to a nunnery. Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners?(III, i l.

121-122).This is a perfect example of Hamlets honesty where he is telling Ophelia how disgusted he is of her and all women. For Hamlet to be so blunt and honest with someone he loves shows he is particularly open. His openness with Ophelia just another attribute to add to his credentials to be a great King.

Machiavelli also declares that to be great leader, the man must be greatly loved by the public, which is the case for Hamlet. The King decides to send Hamlet out of the country to England, not for a change in scenery, but so to he can be killed. The Kings reason for this is, Yet must not we put the strong law on him: Hes loved of the distracted multitude. (IV, iii l.3-4).In other words Hamlet must be treated well in Denmark for if something happens the people wouldnt be too happy, but if he is sent to England and killed it wouldnt seem as suspicious to the masses.

The fact that people would rise up over the murder of Hamlet, shows that he is greatly loved be the people. Kindness is another attribute that Machiavelli says that the ruler must have. Hamlet shows a great deal of kindness when he is reminiscing of his dead childhood friend Yorick.

He says, Alas, poor Yorick!I knew him, Horatio, a fellow of infinite/ jest, of most excellent fantasy.He hath borne me on/ his back a thousand times.(V,i l.185-188).Just reading these lines, one is able to invision this poor man, who has lost everything he has loved, his mother, father, lover and this old friend, with deep compassion for Yorick.

It is almost impossible for anyone to think of Hamlet as anything but kind hearted. Godliness is the hardest to find in Hamlet, but it is there. It is particularly present in the seen where he speaks to the ghost of his father. Horatio advises Hamlet not to follow the spirit but Hamlet says, Why, what should be the fear?/ I do not set my life at a pins fee,/ and for my soul, what can it do to that,/ Being a thing immortal as itself?/ It waves me forth, Ill follow it.(I,iv l.64-68). All Hamlet is saying is that there is nothing to be afraid of and that he will follow.

The fact that Hamlet would follow something that, if it had appeared by anyone else, they would run away from it, shows that Hamlet has a bit of godliness about him. So, if Hamlet had survived the final act of the play he would have been the greatest King because he fits the Machiavellian view of a ruler. As described by Niccolo, Hamlet always appears to be a good man, but is able to act ruthful when it is needed, he is greatly loved by all of Denmark, his manners are always honourable and for the good of the state, and he is steady when ever he speaks in exhibiting good faith, honesty, kindness, and godliness. Shakespeare.

Hamlet 2

Great literary works retain their popularity as a result of many different factors. One such factor which can lead to popularity of a work, current or consistent discussion of a work’s merits, can come into play when an author or playwright leaves questions unanswered in his work.

In Hamlet, William Shakespeare creates such a situation. As a result of the ambiguity of clues given throughout this play, critics may argue for or against the idea that Prince Hamlet’s “antic disposition” put on as a facade to mislead the royal family pales in comparison to the disposition of Hamlet’s lunatic mind, or in other words, that Hamlet in fact truly succumbs to insanity. Evidence for this opinion can be derived from Hamlet’s erratic mood changes, careless slaughter of those not directly involved in the murder of his father, and interactions with the ghost of King Hamlet.For a man thought to be feigning insanity, Prince Hamlet seems to have very little control of his emotions. In fact, Hamlet admits this to Horatio, his confidant, when he says, “Sir, in my heart there was a kind of fighting / That would not let me sleep” (5.2. lines 4-5).

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This lack of restraint leads to Hamlet’s unpredictable mood swings throughout the play. Hamlet’s relationship with Ophelia easily spawns such dramatic alterations in the prince’s attitude. For example, when Hamlet first suspects Ophelia acts only as the pawn for Polonius’s ploys, he reacts rashly, bitterly denying that he ever loved her. “You should not have believed me, for virtue cannot so / inoculate our old stock, but we shall relish of it. I loved / you not” (3.1.

117-19). This massive reversal in disposition is later contrasted by another reversal when Hamlet leaps into Ophelia’s open grave at her funeral to dispute Laertes and claim, “I loved Ophelia, forty thousand brothers / Could not with all their quantity of love / Make up my sum” (5.1.

252-54). These abrupt mood changes also appear in Hamlet’s relationship with his mother. He seemed to believe in his mother’s purity and goodness, but eventually Hamlet seems to hold a great mount of contempt for Gertrude, especially when he mocks her words, and then snidely proclaims: “You are the queen, your husband’s brother’s wife, / And would it were not so, you are my mother” (3.4.15-16). Such mood swings as these definitely prove, if anything, that Hamlet could not keep adequate control of his emotions.This lack of discipline also leads Hamlet to shamelessly murder several people not directly related to his plot to avenge his father’s death.

Hamlet kills Polonius in Scene 4 of Act 3 when he becomes startled by the former’s cries for help. He the flaunts this deed n the presence of the King and Laertes. Hamlet also boasts to Horatio of his cunning plan which resulted in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern delivering their own execution notices to the English crown.

Is it possible for a sane man to gloat over the death of another man by his own hand? In addition to these deaths, Hamlet can be indirectly linked to the deaths of Ophelia and Gertrude.To further this idea of Hamlet’s insanity, one can observe the prince’s interaction with the ghost of his father. For example, after Hamlet’s first interaction with this ghost, he puts forth, as Horatio calls them, “wild and whirling words.” Why right, you are in the right, And so without more circumstance at all I hold it fit that we shake hands and part, You, as your business and desire shall point you, For every man hath business and desire Such as it is, and for my own poor part, Look you, I will go pray. (1.5.

127-134) Another possibility exists in relation to Act 3 Scene 4 in which Hamlet sees the ghost of his father, while Gertrude cannot see the specter. It is important to remember that in all other encounters with the ghost, Hamlet was not the only person to behold the spirit. In this scene however, Hamlet alone sees this vision. This scene reveals Hamlet’s madness at its pinnacle.In conclusion, Hamlet’s “antic disposition” can easily be understood, through examples of Hamlet’s unpredictable attitude changes, slaughter of innocents, and interactions with the ghost of his father, to be only the “tip of the iceberg” concerning his unstable mental state.


Comparison / Contrast of Hamlet the play to the movieHamlet by William Shakespeare is a story about a king that was murdered by his brother and the prince has been asked by his father’s ghost to avenge his murder. The original story line has been altered a few times since it has been written. The original Hamlet the play and the altered Hamlet the movie are shown differently in many different ways. Hamlet the movie with Mel Gibson shows different things than the play, but there are three major differences between the two.

The three major differences are in the way both of the productions start out, differences in the scene that the players put on a play, and differences in the way the productions end. The first difference is in the way the play and the movie begins. The play starts out with guards standing guard at the castle with Horatio, Hamlet’s friend. The guards and Horatio are waiting for the ghost of Old Hamlet to arrive so they can find out why he is there. The ghost does arrive twice but does not speak. The scene ends with the guards and Horatio discussing that they should get Hamlet to try to speak to the ghost.

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Hamlet the movie starts out differently. It starts out with the funeral for King Hamlet with Gertrude standing beside the coffin. Hamlet sprinkles dust over his father’s dead body.

The coffin is then covered and Claudius, Old Hamlet’s brother, places his sword over the coffin and Gertrude cries. The second difference is the way the scene is with the player’s putting on their play. In the play, at the end of the player’s play, King Claudius stands up and walks slowly towards the stage and laughs for a minute. He then calls for the lights and leaves. Other people stay behind while Hamlet dances around and sings. Gertrude watches Hamlet and then leaves.

In the movie, this scene shows Claudius standing up and yelling “lights” right when Hamlet states that the murderer gains the love of the player king’s wife. Claudius quickly leaves along with everyone else that was watching the play. Hamlet and Horatio are left behind discussing the king’s reaction. Polonius enters and tells Hamlet that the king is upset and that his mother wants to see him.The third difference is in the way that the play and the movie ends.

In the movie, Hamlet, Claudius, Gertrude, and Laertes die from the poison, either by the sword or the wine. The movie ends with Horatio holding Hamlet while he dies. The play ends completely different. As Hamlet is dying, Horatio tries to drink from the poisoned cup but Hamlet stops him. Hamlet says that he needs Horatio to report all that he has witnessed. A shot is heard from far off and Hamlet asks what it is. He is told that it is Fortinbras, returning from his Polish adventures. Hamlet with his dying breath, names Fortinbras as his successor, then dies.

In Summary, with these three examples it is shown that the play and the movie contrast quite a bit. Most of the story line and the dialogue were very similar to the original story in the movie but some things were changed, possibly to shorten the story to be able to make it into a movie.


Hamlet In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare Two of the character’s fathers are brutishly murdered.

The first murdered character is King Hamlet who is supposed to be revenge by his son prince Hamlet. The second murder is Polonius who is supposed to be revenged by his son Laertes. Both Prince Hamlet and Laertes go to seek revenge for the death of fathers, however they will each use different methods to accomplish their deeds. Prince Hamlet has a meeting with the dead ghost of his father King Hamlet. King Hamlet’s ghost reveals to his son, his murder by his brother Claudius.

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Hamlet is informed by his father that he needs to be avenged by the death of his brother Claudius.By this time Claudius has already ascended the throne, and married Hamlet’s mother Queen Gertrude. Hamlet decides to take a passive approach to avenge his father. Hamlet first decides to act abnormal which does not accomplish much besides warning his uncle that he might know he killed his father. Later in the play a troop of actors come to act out a play, and Hamlet has them reenact the murder of is father in front of his uncle Claudius. The actors murder scene also make Hamlet question himself about the fact that he has done nothing yet to avenge his father.Hamlet says But am I Pigeon-livered and lack gall / To make oppression bitter, or ere this / I should ha’ fatted all the region kites / With this slave’s offal. Bloody, bawdy villain! ( Act II scene 2 page 84 line 577- 580 ).

During the play Hamlet watches is uncle Claudius to see his reaction when the actors perform the murder scene. Hamlet plan works his uncle throws a fit and runs out the room, where Hamlet goes after him. When Hamlet catches up to his uncle his uncle is kneeling down praying, and Hamlet pulls out his sword and gets ready to kill him.But all the sudden Hamlet changes his mind because if he kills his uncle while he’s praying he will go to heaven, and Hamlet wants him to go to hell. So hamlet postpones the execution of his uncle. The next confrontation does not happen till the end of the book when Hamlet escapes from his uncle’s ill murder attempt on his life. Hamlet later sword fences with Laertes.

All the sudden Hamlet’s mother Queen Gertrude drinks a poison glass intended for Hamlet.When Hamlet is not looking Laertes stabs him with a poison sword then Hamlet takes hold of the poisoned sword, and stabs Laertes with it. As this happens Queen Gertrude dies from the poison drink. As Laertes lays down dying he reveals to Hamlet that his uncle King Claudius was behind it all, the poisoned sword and drink that has just killed his mother. Hamlet then in a fit of rage runs his uncle through with the poison sword.

Hamlet has now finally revenged his father through much time then after his task is completed he finally collapses from the poison on the sword.Polonius is murdered by Hamlet when Polonius his discovered listening to Hamlet, and his mother’s Queen Gertrude conversation . Hamlet unknowing of who the person behind the tapestry is, kills Polonius from where he was spying. When news of his fathers death reaches Polonius’s son Laertes, he comes back with an entourage to seek revenge for his fathers death. In this conversation Laertes believes Hamlets uncle King Claudius is responsible for his fathers death.

How came he dead? I’ll not be juggled with./ To hell, allegiance! Vows, to the blackest devil! / Conscience and grace, to the profoundest pit! / I dare damnation. To this point I stand, / That both the worlds I give to negligence, / Let come what comes, only I’ll be revenged / Most thoroughly for my father. ( Act IV scene 5 page 134 line 133-139 ) Laertes takes a more aggressive stand point than Hamlet Laertes is ready to kill the king right away thinking that he murdered his father. But king Claudius tells Laertes that Hamlet is the one who killed his father. King Claudius also finds out that Hamlet has escape the trap that he setup to get him murdered.

So King Claudius sets up another plan with Laertes. This plan calls for Hamlet and Laertes to have a mock sword fight, but Laertes will be using a real poisoned sword. Laertes agrees with this, ready to claim Hamlets life for his father’s vile murder. When the sword fight begins Hamlet is winning, but Laertes gets frustrated and stabs Hamlet when he is not looking with the poisoned sword. After Laertes stabs Hamlet, Hamlet then turns around and manages to take the sword from Laertes and stabs Laertes with it.

Although Laertes dies first he accomplishes his purpose because Hamlet will die shortly from the poison on the sword.In this play Hamlet by William Shakespeare these two characters Hamlet and Laertes both seek to revenged their slayed fathers. Hamlet with is passive and scheming approach manages to kill his father’s murder his uncle Claudius. Laertes with his direct, and forceful dedication slays his fathers killer Prince Hamlet.

Altough Laertes took a much more direct approach than Hamlet wasting no time, they both however accomplished their goal but at the ultimate price of both their lives! Shakespeare Essays.


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