Genghis Khan & The Terrible Mongols Genghis Khan & The Terrible Mongols Genghis Khan before his fathers death. Temujin had many skills. He was taught to ride horses at a very early age. He was an expert bow man and had great strength.
He was a natural leader among his peers.Temujin had many duties as son of a Chieftain He must fish streams for food. He was in charge of the horse heads and had to chase after lost animals that had run away. Had to watch the sky line for enemies and raiders. Temujin learned of his tribe.
The tribe was the Yakka Mongols. He learned of the great empire of Cathay and its civilization. He was taught to be a warrior and told to have a fierce character. Temujin family and family history.
His family line was a great one. He was descendant from the grey-eyed men who were one of the greatest tribes of their time. Kassar, the bowman. His brother Though a better bow handler he was scared o his brother. His mother Houlun Was carried of by his father on her wedding ride to the tent of her betrothed husband.
His father Yesukai Chieftain of the Yakka Mongols or great Mongols. Who ruled 40K tents. His fathers sworn brother was Toghrul, Chieftain of the Karaits which were the most powerful clan of the Gobi. Life in the Gobi Geography of the Gobi. The Gobi is not a sand desert.Only 5% of it is covered in sand. It is the coldest and most northern desert in the world.
It is above China in Northeastern Asia. It covers 500,000 square miles. There is hardly any trees and the soil is dry and rock-like. Surviving in the Gobi.In the Mongolian community men and women got first priority over children when it came to food and a place by the fire. In winter children had it harder because food was scarce and they couldnt kill animals of the herds they own. During Spring wild animals were abundant and cattle and sheep gave lots of milk so there wasnt a shortage of food. The Home of the Mongols: The Yurt A tent made of felt stretched over wattled rods with an aperture at the top to let out smoke.
The tent could be carried by carts that were pulled by oxen.Yurts of the Chieftains and their wives were decorated and carried treasures and family belongings. The death of Yesukai His fathers death His father had spent the night at in the enemies tent and had been poisoned and was gravely sick. Temujin rode as fast as he could to get to his father before he died but did not arrive on time. When the other leaders of the clan found out about Yesukais death they were concerned of how the inexperienced Temujin would handle the great leadership.They decided to separate and join other clans.
Temujin’s mother was able to convince a few families to stay with them. His new wife Before his father died Temujin and his father were visiting a strange warrior and Temujin took a liking to his daughter and asked his father for her hand in marriage. The warrior agreed to the request.Temujin knew she was very young but he thought she would grow and mature as she became a woman. The chase His father controlled very good lands which were abundant with game and not as cold as other areas during the winter. As soon as word got around that Yesukai had died the Taijudts, who were enemies of the Yakka Mongols, came to conquer Temujin. The Taidjuts overran his yurt and clan but Temujin and his family were able to escape.
Temujin was captured alone and again escaped.Once he reconnected with his family they began to live alone off small animals and fish. He could have gone to his fathers sworn brother Toghrul but he was too proud to come for aid because he thought his empty hands would arouse scorn not fellowship so he continued alone. The Campaigns: How Genghis Khan built his empire. The layout of Genghis Khans army.
Numerical regimentation of the Army went as follows.First there was the touman which was a group of 10,000 men. Under the touman were the gurans or units of 1,000 men. That was then divided into 10 companies each with 10 platoons in them.
Therefore each platoon comprised of 10 men. The basic groupings of his army was divided into two sections.The heavy cavalry and the light cavalry. The heavy cavalry was heavily armored and carried lances and javelins. The light cavalry relied not on armor but on his skills with the bow to fight.
When it came to close combat, each soldier was equipped with a sword and ax. Genghis Khan army was all mounted on horseback and this provided him with unprecedented mobility on the battlefield.He was able to quickly attack an opponent from the flank and confuse the enemy. Uniting the clans Genghis Khan was the name adopted by Temujin that meant Ruler of all who lived in felt tents. He earned his name by uniting all the clans of the Gobi desert. Genghis Khan saw it in his destiny to rule all the Mongolian people. He began his task by traveling to Gobi and uniting weaker clans to form stronger ones.
Slowly he formed a great clan and continued on to take over stronger more powerful clans such as the Karat and the Tartars. The Tartars were a fierce tribe from the lake Baykal in the Northern part of the Gobi desert. They were the clan responsible for the death Temujins father and Genghis Khan was relentless in his battle against them.
When he finally conquered the last of the clans he officially took the name of Genghis Khan and began to form the Mongol Empire. He went on to write the Yassa, the first set of Mongolian scriptures comprising of laws on how the Mongolians were to govern themselves. These rules were mostly aimed towards three things: obedience to Genghis Khan, permanent union of the clans and strong punishment for wrongdoing.Genghis Khan invades Southern Asia. Genghis Khan began his invasion not directly into Cathay but into another empire called, The Hsi Hsia Empire. This empire was originally not part of Cathay but many of its structures, its walls and its towns were similar, if not identical, to the towns and building in Cathay.
Hsi Hsia had similar military tactics to Cathay. Genghis Khan after conquering Hsi Hsia moved his forces northwards …