Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2 1869 in Porbandar India. He grew up in a very wealthy and spiritual home.
His father got very ill while Gandhi was a young child, which put him through a lot of stress. The way he got rid of the stress was by taking long walks in the night. Which sooner or later turned into smoking, shoplifting, and even eating meat. Which Gandhi was a vegetarian.After Gandhi completed his early education, he went to London to study in a university. He was trying to become a lawyer.
After he was through with school, he moved back to India. Shortly after, an Indian firm wanted him to travel to South Africa. When he arrived, he realized white people do not welcome Indians. One day because colored people were not allowed in first class he got kicked off a train. That was when he decided he would never be pushed down again and to fight for Indian rights that whites took away from them. At this time, Gandhi made a rule to himself that he would never be violent in his life, even if others used it.
Also he started fighting for the rights of Indian workers in South Africa and he had done a very good job. This was a great turning point in his life when he exchanged from a shy timid boy to a grown outspoken man who always speaks his mind. He came back to India in 1914 where he was not involved in politics for a long while. He was very friendly with the British Empire but got very mad on the passing of the Rowlatt act that made those suspected of sedition able to be imprisoned without a trial. He instantly called a Satyagraha struggle against Great Britain. By 1920, Gandhi was very influential among Indians. He called a massive boycott of British goods and services, including schools.
With a leader like Gandhi, the Indian people were no longer afraid of their foreign rulers and began protesting. When police arrived, they lined up to be arrested, hoping to obstruct the system and stop the British. Thousands were arrested and the movement was mostly a sucsess, but a few violent outbreaks like in the previous protest caused the INC and Gandhi to call the protest off and admit that it was a mistake. Gandhi himself was arrested shortly after in 1922 and sentenced to six years in jail. Possibly, his most amazing achievement was the Satyagraha against the salt tax in 1930.Gandhi and many followers made the famous Dandi March to the Arabian Sea where they made their own salt by evaporating water from the sea.
Therefore, over 60,000 people were jailed. Less than a year later, Gandhi meet with Lord Irwin and the two agreed to allow Gandhi to act as a representative at conference in London, but the conference failed to help them. He was soon jailed after his return to India. While in jail, he found out that the new constitution would discriminate against the untouchable rank by placing them in a different electorate.
Gandhi immediately started fasting for change. The government knew they had to change this part of the constitution quickly, for if Gandhi died, then revolution would be imminent. When World War 2 started, the Gandhi and INC supported Britain on the condition that they withdraw completely from India.
When the war ended, India became independent shortly afterward, in 1947. But it split, as it became self-ruling, forming Pakistan and India. Gandhi was disturbed that Indian independence did not come with Indian unity, but nevertheless submerged himself into helping repair the riot ravaged areas and fasting for peace in those places where the fighting continued over religion. In that way, he achieved two great accomplishments by stopping the riots in Calcutta in September of 1947 as well as causing a truce in Delhi in January of 1948.The British Empire ruled the country of India for about 200 years.
During its reign, the British Empire popularly known as the East India Company made full use of its power. It used the products of the country. It even took away land from the poor people in order to grow indigo which was the main portion of the dye industry in Britain. Lots of injustices were done to people. The British Empire created differences between the people by telling that they were of different religions. The worst thing that they did was to use the plan of Divide and Rule.
An example of this is that the state of Bengal was divided into East and West Bengal because of religion. They used different ways to create hatred between the Indian people. This lead to many fights and violent outbreaks between people. Mostly these violent outbreaks were because of the hatred attitudes between Hindus and Muslims. What the British Empire created between Indian people can still be seen. They divided the whole country into two parts based on Religion. The result of this was two different nations forming from a single nation, Pakistan and India. The envy between these two still persists as a result of the conflict created by the British Empire did not know how to act against an enemy who does not use violence.
Gandhis last months of his life were darkened by shared conflict between Hindu and Muslim; but his fasts to shame the instigators helped to avert deeper national tragedy. However, Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic, assassinated Mahatma Gandhi on January 30 1948 at a prayer meeting in Delhi. In his life time, Mahatma the great soul Gandhi was venerated as a moral teacher, a reformer who fought to see India as free from rank as from materialism, and a dedicated patriot who gave the Home Rule movement a new quality. In Asia especially he has been regarded as a great sway for peace, whose teachings held a message not only for India, but for the whole world as well. BibliographyGandhis last months of his life were darkened by shared conflict between Hindu and Muslim; but his fasts to shame the instigators helped to avert deeper national tragedy. However, Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic, assassinated Mahatma Gandhi on January 30 1948 at a prayer meeting in Delhi.
In his life time, Mahatma the great soul Gandhi was venerated as a moral teacher, a reformer who fought to see India as free from rank as from materialism, and a dedicated patriot who gave the Home Rule movement a new quality. In Asia especially he has been regarded as a great sway for peace, whose teachings held a message not only for India, but for the whole world as well. Religion