Franklin D Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in 1882 on a Hudson River estate at Hyde Park New York, which was to be his lifelong permanent home. The second son of James Roosevelt, a lawyer, financier, and railroad executive, Franklin was the only child from his father’s second marriage to Sara Delano. The parents and private tutors provided the youth with almost all his formative education, which was heightened by his frequent travel and some study in Europe.

He was an excellent student and enjoyed many sports. In 1921, while at the family’s vacation home off the Maine, Roosevelt was stricken with infantile paralysis.In 1924, he resumed his legal career, and at the Democratic national convention made a dramatic appearance on crutches and nominated Alfred Smith in for the Presidency – although John W.

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Davis became the candidate. After Republican Herbert Hoovers campaign in 1928 and serving in New York, Roosevelt won the Democratic Presidential nomination in 1932. Although easily defeating Hoover, during the 4-month period preceding Roosevelt’s inauguration, the depression worsened.

Industrial production plummeted, thousands upon thousands of factories closed, unemployment soured, breadlines lengthened, and bank failures became common. Roosevelt made huge strides as soon as he assumed office.He at once ordered a 4-day closing of banks to cut down on depositor panic. To calm and encourage the public, he began a series of radio broadcastings that he was to continue as a means of explaining his programs and gaining public support. Roosevelt also created many new agencies with the hope of raising crop prices and increasing wages. These agencies, including the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the National Industrial Recovery Act, and Public Works Administration, created voluntary business and industrial codes geared toward increasing wages, maintaining prices, and reducing unemployment. Thankfully, legislation finally slowed during the rest of 1933 and in 1934.

However, soon after, Roosevelt introduced his most recognizable piece of legislature, The New Deal. Mostly due in part to this, Roosevelt won reelection in 1936, easily defeating Republican Alfred M.Landon, and, by lesser margins, would beat Republican candidate Wendel L. Wilkie in 1940 and Thomas E. Dewey in 1944. Roosevelt shattered the 2-term tradition, being elected to 4 terms and serving more than 12 years. Elsewhere on the globe, threatening forces were on the rise.

During the late 1930’s, European affairs grew ugly and the thought of World War II became a reality. The war itself began in 1939, but Roosevelt hesitated to enter the U.S. until the December 7, 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. Roosevelt mobilized the nation, declared war on the Axis Powers and created a hopes for lasting peace through the creation of the United Nations organization.

Roosevelt was cheered as the tide of war shifted decisively in favor of the Allies.He conferred with other Allied heads of state and stressed the need for unconditional surrender. Sadly, he did not witness the final victory. Only weeks before the war ended in Europe, Franklin Delano Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945 in Warm Springs, Georgia, later to be buried in his original neighborhood in Hyde Park, New York. Biographies.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. RooseveltOn January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born.

James Roosevelt, Franklin’s father, was a prosperous railroad official and landowner(Lawson 25). His predecessors, when they came from the Netherlands, were succes Roosevelt learned from private tutors, not going to school until the age of fourteen. He had already studied German, Latin and French by the time he had started school(Freidel 6).

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Sailing, bird hunting and stamp collecting were among his hobbies. On his In 1896, at the age of fourteen his parents sent him away to Groton, Massachusetts, to a private, boys only, boarding school. He was not very popular among the students, but was respected by his peers and was never the object of pranks pulled by the ol From there, Roosevelt went on to enter Harvard in 1900. There too Roosevelt remained an average student, making it through with a C average most of the time(Hacker 19).

At Harvard, his social activities took preference over his academic pursuit and the In 1903 Roosevelt graduated from Harvard and entered the Columbia Law School. He dropped out in his third year after passing the New York bar examination(Hacker 24). Soon after, Roosevelt started practicing law with a New York law firm. While still in law school, Roosevelt met Anna Eleanor Roosevelt a distant cousin, only a few years younger than him(Alsop 28).

They were married on St. Patrick’s day, March 17th, 1905(Freidel 13). He was twenty-three and she was twenty-one. Her fathe A few years later in 1910, Roosevelt accepted the Democratic nomination for the New York State Senate(Freidel 17). He won the elections, and in the following January he entered the Senate at the young age of twenty-eight(Freidel 18). Later in 1912 he ra In July of 1921, while vacationing at Campobello Island, he went sailing with his children.

One day, they saw, what appeared to be a forest fire, on a nearby island they quickly sailed to shore to help put out the fire. It took a couple of hours and w was able to walk in the pool unaided. His disease, poliomyelitis, had affected him on land but in the water he was as quick as anyone. In 1926 he bought Warm Springs for $200,000(Hacker 40). In 1927 he contributed two-thirds of his wealth(Freidel 47) a His physical disabilities didn’t hinder his climb of the political ladder. In 1928 Roosevelt ran for governor of New York and won the election with a large margin.

One of his main goals was that the state should own the electric companies and other util In October of 1929, when Roosevelt was still Governor, the stock market suddenly collapsed. This caused nation-wide panic. Grain and cotton prices dropped tremendously due to an overabundant supply, and many farmers were out of jobs.

Rapidly, people w Roosevelt did not run for the presidency in 1928 because that year, most of the country was in favor of a Republican candidate for president. Four years later in 1932, a week before his fiftieth birthday, Roosevelt announced his candidacy for president Through his campaign speeches he preached of a ‘New Deal’ for the American people, one that would lift them out of the depression. Now he was going to fulfill his promise.

Roosevelt did not sit back and watch the country take itself out of a depression. uests would be permitted to reopen and those that couldn’t, wouldn’t. Banks that couldn’t meet withdrawals requests would, together with federal aid, meet the withdrawal demands(Lawson 48). Of the nineteen thousand banks, only about twenty-four hundred Like he said in campaign speeches, “If I were elected President, my first step would be to mobilize the country for war on unemployment”(Woolf).

This is exactly what he started to do. Another main bill passed in the hundred days was the Civilian Conserv He also signed into law one of the most important laws that today helps back up our bank system. Until that time there was no insurance to cover for banks that went bankrupt or collapsed.

The Banking Act of 1933 changed all of this. The government put a He also accomplished many things which greatly boosted the economy. He reduced the 1934 federal budget by 13%. Although he often spoke that the American Navy and Marines should be the best in the world, he was not hesitant in cutting the 1934 defense bud On August 14, 1935 he signed into law the Social Security Act.

This act offered protection to the needy and old through pensions and public aid, and promoted unemployment insurance. He ran again for a second term in 1936 against Alfred M. Landon of Kansas and beat him by well over eleven million of the popular vote, and won 523 out of the total 531 electoral votes, the biggest landslide since James Monroe defeated John Quincy Adams Again he ran for a third term in 1940 against Henry A.

Wallace. He beat his opponent 449 to 82 in the electoral voting. He ran for last time in 1944, and won again with an easy margin. On March 30, 1945, Roosevelt returned to Warm Springs to take a rest from the presidency. On April 12 the only president in American history to serve more than two terms had died. He served his people more than twelve years and had now taken his final re Bibliography Alsop, Joseph, FDR, A Centenary Rememberance, The Viking Press, New York, 1982. Hacker, Jeffrey H.

, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franklin Watts, New York, 1983. Freidel, Frank, A Rendezvous With Destiny, Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1990. Lawson, Don, FDR’s New Deal, Thomas Y.

Crowell, New York, 1974. Woolf, S.J., Thomas Depicts the Socialist Utopia, New York Times Magazine, July 24, 1932, The New York Times Company.


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