.. ou need to learn the proper way to catch the fish. There are several ways to do so: still fishing, fly fishing, spinning, bow and arrow fishing, ice fishing and trolling. Still fishing is the oldest and the most popular method of fishing. Most beginners are introduced to angling through still fishing.

It is one of the less complicated methods of fishing, both in equipment and technique. The equipment needed while still fishing is a rod, a line, bait or lures, the sinkers, and bobbers and floats. While still fishing a reel is not essential, but does help when landing a fish. Sinkers pull the bait down into the water, and bobbers keep the bait from sinking too far. Baits include worms, maggots, minnows or other small fish, dough balls, and cheese.

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Still fishing may be done from the bank or shore, a dock, a bridge, or even from a boat. The angler baits the hook, drops it in the water, and waits for a fish to bite. The fish caught by this method are bluegills, crappies, perch, catfish, bass and walleyes. Fly fishing is a form of angling that the fish are lured to the angler’s hook by brightly-colored artificial bait, which resemble insects on which the fish feed. Making these imitation flies is a great art, they are made with fur silk and feathers to make the bait look as realistic as possible.

The artificial fly is so light it cannot be cast as a normal bait would be, lead shot cannot be used as it would simply drag the fly underwater, instead of letting it rest on the surface. So this problem is solved by using a heavy line, which carries itself forward when, cast. A line this thick would easily be visible to the fish, so the fly itself connected to the heavy line with a piece of transparent nylon line. To cast this line properly requires an especially flexible rod and a center-pin reel. Spinning is a method of fishing used to catch a predatory fish-perch, pike, trout, and salmon.

This form uses artificial lures that drag through the water to imitate small or injured fish. This form was made much easier by the invention of the spinning reel, which gives greater control over the line. Other types of fishing are trolling, ice fishing, bow, and arrow fishing. Trolling is used on large expands of water such as lake and reservoirs. Artificial lures and or natural baits are trailed on a line behind a slow-moving motorboat or rowboat.

Ice fishing is very popular in the north and around the Great Lakes. A hole is made in the ice with a corkscrew-like tool called an ice auger. The bait is lowered through the hole into the water using a hand line or simple tackle. Bow and arrow fishing makes use of a bow, and special arrows. These arrows are connected to the bow by a line, making it possible to retrieve the arrows and the fish. Both ice fishing and bow and arrow fishing should only be done with an experienced adult (Jarman, 14-17).

Now that you have the proper equipment and learned the proper way to catch the fish, you need to know where to catch them. A few good spots are in Asia, Europe and the United States. In Asia the main sporting fish is found in India and Pakistan, this is the maheer, a massive fish with extremely powerful jaws. It thrives in cold fast rivers and is usually caught with a spoon or bait although, when younger, it can be taken with a fly. During the British rule of India, trout was introduced to the rivers of Kashmir and other mountain streams. In Europe, angling has always been somewhat different from the British sport.

Now the two styles are gradually coming closer together. British anglers have, since the invention of the reel, have chosen to use rods and reels, preferably to catch the largest fish possible. However, European anglers have always preferred to use long, reel-less rods sometimes known as cane poles, or roach poles. The Europeans try to concentrate on quantity rather than quality: that is, the average angler would rather catch a large number of small fish in a short time than wait several hours for a good-sized specimen. The fish commonly caught in European and British waters are: chub, barbel, salmon, perch, pike, brown trout, roach, grayling, and bleak. The United States has a rich history, for fish was a natural part of the native Americans’ diet long before the Europeans arrived. A method of fishing used in the United States for hundreds of years is called “hand-fishing”.

The angler wades slowly along in shallow, muddy waters, feeling for fish with his hands. When he finds one, he fingers it carefully until he gets a satisfactory hold, then flips it out of the water. This method of fishing is still used today in the Midwest and in the South. Another method that is strongly used in the United States is fly fishing. When fly fishing was introduced, there were many arguments over which type of fly should be used: an accurate imitation of the living insect, or a lure which resembles nothing in particular but attracted the fish because of the color, brightness and movements. Fish common to the United States are perch, carp, bluegill, crappies, bass, northern pike, eels, trout, salmon, muskellunge, pickerel, and catfish (Jarman, 30-36). Millions of people all over the world has fallen for fishing-hook, line, and sinker! Although it is popular today as a sport, it was once essential, as a source of food, and everyone from monks to poets have been lured by its charm.

Fishing techniques today have come a long way from a simple hook and line, and anglers now have a massive range of advanced equipment at their disposal. Sports and Games.