Drugs And Alcohol

Drugs And Alcohol One of the biggest problems people cope with today is the addiction of drugs and alcohol. The effects of taking these drugs are dangerous: domestic violence, crimes, accidents, sexual assault or becoming infected with HIV/AIDS. Different studies of domestic violence show a big involvement of high quantities of alcohol and other drugs. These increase the level of aggression. Alcoholism and child abuse, including incest, seem tightly intertwined as well. Parents, being under alcohol influence, abuse their children in a bestial way.

The most important thing in this statement is that not only the abusers tend to be heavy drinkers, but the children abused will also become drinkers or drug dependents, and they will also abuse at that time. In a family, the alcoholic women have a negative verbal conflict with her husband than a non-alcoholic woman has. This is a source of misunderstanding between family members, and the results could be very tragic. The family could end up in divorce or even crime. From violence between parents due to abuse of alcohol or drugs, the children begin to feel the passion and need for taking drugs and drinking alcohol. Most of them will have some experience.

Most will understand that taking drugs of any kind doesn’t have a happy-end. Others, will continue to ruin their lives, killing themselves as days go by (“Teens” 1/2). The first drug accepted by law is alcohol. One major reason that alcohol is very wanted by teenagers up to age of 21 is because it is prohibited for buying and consuming under that age. As long as there will be this law of prohibition for buying and consuming alcohol under 21 years of age, more and more teenagers will begin to drink more and more alcohol, because this one law of the nature: people try to not respect the law, to show the others how tough they are. This statement is supported by some researches made in parallel in Romania and United States. Even though in Romania the level of life is much lower than in United States, the percentage of people consuming alcohol and drugs is very low. This is not a result of pureness, because for a drug dependent, drugs are his main food. This is a result of a very strict education that adults give to teenagers; this is a result of the education that parents give their own children.

As a result of excessive drinking of alcohol, the person involved is exposed to very different illnesses, which affect their body (“Alcohol” 1/2). The second important drug accepted by law is tobacco. Started at a young age, the smoker usually ends up in drugs more powerful and very likely to tobacco, like marijuana, heroin, cocaine/”crack”, and amphetamines. The smoker is exposed at different illnesses, like lung cancer and throat cancer. “The American Liver Foundation has developed an innovative program called ‘Foundations for Decision-Making’, to teach young children that alcohol and other drugs are harmful” (“Alcohol” 2/2). Alcohol and other drugs interfere with messages to one’s brain and alter his/her perceptions, emotions, vision, hearing, and coordination. Alcohol and drugs affect his/her judgment and can lead to dangerous behavior that puts him/her at risk of: accidental injuries, car/boat crashes, sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancy, sexual assault, fights, and trouble with the law.

Statistics show that more than half of drownings and fatal falls are alcohol or drug related. Half of physical injuries sustained on college campuses stem from alcohol use. Almost half of all fatal car/boat crashes are alcohol or drug related. Alcohol and drugs are also involved in many cases of burglaries, and in many acquaintance rapes. More than 70% of total cases of violent behavior on campuses involves alcohol.

According to “Youth, Alcohol and Other Drugs”, last month “about 9.5 million Americans between ages 12-20 had at least one drink”, “of these 4.4 million were ‘binge’ drinkers (consuming five or more drinks in a row on a single occasion) including 1.9 million heavy drinkers (consuming five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least five different days)” (1/4). Despite the fact the purchase of alcohol is illegal for most college students, the alcohol is the most widely used drug on campuses. “Among college students in one survey, rates of binge drinking were highest among Caucasians, 43.5 percent for males and 24.4% for females; among African-Americans the rates were 24.8% for males and 5.4% for females; and among Asians, 32% for males and 20% for females” (“Youth” 2/4). “Among teenagers who binge drink, 39% say they drink alone; 58% drink when they are upset; 30% drink when they are bored; and 37% drink to feel high” (2/4). These incidents, related to drugs and alcohol, are costly in two terms: one of human potential and the other, which is money.

The number of cases of violence and crimes on the streets is growing. According to Minnesota Institute of Public Health, the records show that “more than 1.1 million annual arrests for illicit drug violations, almost 1.4 million arrests for driving while intoxicated, 480,000 arrests for liquor law violations and 704,000 arrests for drunkenness come to a total of 4.3 million arrests for alcohol and other drug statutory crimes. That total accounts for over one-third of all arrests in this country” (“Violence” 1/3). The drugs have the capacity to decrease pain, not only by decreasing the perception of pain, but also by altering the reaction to it. Although they have sedative proprieties when used in large doses, they are not used primarily for sedation.

In large doses, the drugs destroy the nervous system. They kill the cells. According to Encarta ’98 Encyclopedia, the brain “loses some capacity of memorization and learning as cells die” (“Aging” np). In addition to their ability of killing the pain, the drugs also cause a profound feeling of euphoria. The victims involved do not feel responsible for what they are doing, either a right thing, or, most of the times, a wrong thing.

Taken chronically in large doses, the drugs have the capacity to induce tolerance and ultimately psychological and physical dependence, or addiction. The way that drugs affect the body is not yet fully understood. Some researches confirm the fact that different drugs and different kind of alcohol affect different parts of the brain and the body, which lead to euphoria. On the other side, other body parts affected suffer changes in their functions. This way can be explained the heart functioning process. The “process accelerated by overuse of alcohol and tobacco” makes the heart “pumps less efficiently, making exercise more difficult” (“Aging” np). Recent researches show that although the drugs are illegal, the medicine is using a part of them.

The doctors prescribe their patients some medications based on drugs. The most used drugs by doctors are narcotics. They are used only in very small doses. “The chief narcotic drugs are Opium, Codeine, Morphine, and the Morphine derivative Heroin (Drug Addictions 1/5). These drugs are used to alleviate the pain, induce sleep, to calm the respiratory problems and relieve diarrhea.

Another drug is Amphetamine. This is a drug from a powerful class of drugs, which stimulates the central nervous system in the way that it “enhance mental alertness and the ability to concentrate” (Drug Addictions 2/5), and also it “cause wakefulness, talkativeness, and euphoria” (2/5). Taken in large doses, it creates “insomnia, hyperactivity, and irritability (2/5). The final consequences lead to heart problems like “cardiac arrest” (2/5) or heart trembling. The hallucinogenic drugs “have been used by primitive societies in both Old and New Worlds to facilitate meditation, cure illness, placate evil spirits, and enhance mystical and magical powers” (Drug Addictions 2/5). People used to believe in their magical powers. The hallucinogenic drugs “altered perceptions of tome and space and of the color” (2/5), and that made the people believe that some miracles happen to them.

Other effects were seen, like “imaginary conversations, music, odors, tastes, and other sensations” (2/5). These hallucinogenic drugs are not very powerful, but taken regularly and increasing the quantity taken lead to dependence. The quantities taken will increase as time go by in order to produce the same euphoria effect. Heroin is a highly addictive drug derived from morphine, which is obtained from the opium poppy, according to Addictions Organization. It is a “downer” that affects the brains pleasure systems and interferes with the brains ability of perceiving pain.

Heroin can be used in a variety of ways, depending on user preference and the purity of the drug. Heroin can be: – Injected into a vain (“mainlining”); – Injected into a muscle; – Smoked in a water pipe or standard pipe, mixed in a marijuana joint or regular cigarette; – Inhaled as smoke through a straw, known as “Chasing the Dragon”; – Inhaled as powder via the nose. Heroin is a very fast-acting drug when injected or smoked. Injected heroin re …