I. Aggressive acts leading to WW1
A. Manchuria, 1931
1) Japan invades for raw materials
2) league of nations protests: Japan tells league to go to hell and mind their own business
3) nothing done to stop Japanese aggression 1931 – 1941cowards, all of them
4) 1933: Japan leaves the league
5) US holds back and lets Japan do its thing; they were lame anyways
B. Ethiopia 1935
1) Italy attacks over boarder dispute between Ethiopia and Italian somaliland to restore order
Patrick is a loser
2) League only mildly protests, Britain and France do nothing. Told you they were cowards
3) league imposes sanctions on Italy: ineffective
4) 1937:: Italy says so long to the league
5) rome-berlin axis formed. Japan says what’s up.(joins it you dummy)
C. Spanish civil war 1936 – 1939
1) nationalists vs. Loyalists
2) loyalists support republic form of government led by a king
3) nationalists led by Francisco Franco who was a fascist
4) France gains outside support Germany Italy
5) no outside support for loyalists; Franco wins in 1939
6) war was used by the Germans and the Italians as a testing ground for their new tech stuff and techniques etc
D. Austria march 1938
1) Hitler invades to unify German speaking people
2) Austrian people don’t resist they support Hitler
3) no action taken by France of Britain
4) gives Germany border with ally Italy and a foot hold in central Europe
E. Czechoslovakia November 1938
1) Hitler wants the sudetanland claiming mostly Germans live in this region
2) Britannia and France protest .. arrange a meeting with Hitler in Munich
3) Munich pact: meeting of Britain, France, Germany, Italy. Attempt to preserve the peace at all costs (appeasement)
4) sudetenland given to Hitler; promises no more
5) Hitler takes the rest of Czechoslovakia in march 1939
II. Axis powers on the move 1939-1940
A. Poland September 1939
1) August 1939: Hitler & Stalin sign a 10 year non-aggression pact
2) Hitler and Stalin to divide Poland. Hitler wants Danzig to reunify Germans
3) Germany attacks on Sep. 1939new types of warfare known as blitzkriegs or “lightning wars”
4) Britain and France now ready to fight; WWII Begins
5) Poland defeated in less than a month
B. “Phony War” Oct. 1939 – Mar. 1940
1) mobilization by France behind Maginot Line, Germans behind siegfried line
2) British blockade German ports
3) German subs begin sinking ships heading for England
4) no army battles in western Europe still hope to avoid war
C. Scandinavia and low countries; Apr. May 1940
1) Phony war ends with the German attack on Denmark and Norway; takes less than a month to defeat them both Germans calibrators (those who side with the country’s enemies) to win
2) this gives the Germans access to the Atlantic and air bases to attack Britain
3) next attack Netherlands and Belgium
4) British led by Winston Churchill tries to help but its too late allied troops forced to back and trapped at Dunkirk
5) Hitler’s first mistake is allowing over 340000 British troops to be evacuated at Dunkirk: France now alone to defend themselves
D. Fall of France Jun. 1940
1) Germans use plan from WW1: French army outflanked by German army
2) maginot line now useless
3) French forced divided in full.

4) henri petain surrenders to keep power in city of vichy
5) north. France occupied by the Germans
6) south. France controlled by Germany; ran by petain (Vichy France)
7) north Africa also under German control
8) French resistance force led by chalesde caville England
9) fall of France allows Germany to attack England and possibly invade
III. shifting tide of war Jun. 1940 – 1943
A. battle of Britain
1) bombing raids on Britain
2) Hitler plans to invade Britain
3) RAF vs. German Luftwaffe led by German goering
4) heaviest attacks occur between Aug. and Oct. 1940
5) luftwaffe never able to gain control of the air which prevents Germany from invading England
6) first defeat for Germans
B. north African campaign
1) Germany had control of most of N. Africa by 1942
2) German troops (Afrika Korps) led by general erwin rommel nicknamed the desert Fox
3) allies start invasion of N. Africa (Operation Torch) in morocco led by general Eisenhower : French resistance fighters help allied forces in Algeria
4) allied troops led by general Montgomery meet the Afrika Korps at El alamein in Egypt and stop the German advance on the Suez canal
5) rommel retreats back and is caught between allied forces in Tunisia in may 1943
6) rommel leaves Africa returns to Germany then surrenders at twines N. Africa liberated from the Germans
C. Russian campaign
1) Germany invades soviet union Jun 1941 Hitler’s greatest mistake
2) Germans advance quickly but don’t capture Moscow before winter hits, German retreat in winter 1942
3) spring 1942: Germans begin a new offensive against the soviet union, almost capture Moscow, Leningrad and stalingrad but are stopped by the Russian army and winter again.

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4) Hitler close to victory over the soviets by the end of 1942
D. Japan attacks pearl harbor
1) Sunday dec. 7, 1941 brings US into the war
2) Japan destroys almost the entire pacific fleet only the aircraft carriers survive
3) Japan doesn’t achieve the total victory they needed to win
4) midway and coral sea may June 1942 Japan suffers its first naval defeats ends Japanese expansion into the pacific
IV. Allies Victorious 1943 – 1945
A. Russian offensive
1) begins with a victory at Stalingrad Jan. 1943
2) turning point of the war first defeat for german army
3) 1944 russians reach german border most of south eastern europe liberated
4) 1945 US and soviet troops meet at the elbe river in germany
5) agree to allow soviet troops to enter berlin first
B. Italian Campaign (Operation Husky)
1) begins with an invasion of sicily july 1943..sicily captured in one month
2) next invasion of italian mainland led by general patton
3) Mussolini forced resign
4) rome finally liberated in june 1944
C. Invasion of France (Operation Overload)
1) Allies have control of both the air and the sea
2) allows for a cross channel invasion commanded by general Eisenhower
3) Allies trick the germans by telling them wrong spot for invasion
4) Dday :: june 6 1944 = landing on normandy beach
5) intense fighting paris liberated aug. 1944
D. Victory in Europe
1) Oct. 1944 allies break the siegfried line; enter germany
2) dec. 1944 last german counter attack; battle of the ; sorry, nuthin here ?? ;
3) greatest tank battle ever; allies close the buldge by battle feb.

4) may 8 1945 VE day ends the war in europe
E. Pacific victory
1) led by macarthur and nimitz
2) island hopping selected islands to defeat japan
3) greatest hand toward combat occurs and guadal canal
4) US continues advancing recapture the Philippines Oct. 1944
5) july 1945 decision made to use the atomic bomb
6) aug. 6 bomb is dropped on hiroshima aug 9 nagasaki
7) VJ day sep. 2 1945 victorious over japan
F. Cost of the war
1) 12 million war deaths civ. And mil.

2) 12 million killed in concentration camps
3) 2 billion dollars, paid by US
4) cities being bombed now accepted as a part of war
5) creates a new world dominated by the US and soviet union