I. Aggressive acts leading to WW1A. Manchuria, 19311) Japan invades for raw materials2) league of nations protests: Japan tells league to go to hell and mind their own business3) nothing done to stop Japanese aggression 1931 – 1941cowards, all of them4) 1933: Japan leaves the league5) US holds back and lets Japan do its thing; they were lame anywaysB. Ethiopia 19351) Italy attacks over boarder dispute between Ethiopia and Italian somaliland to restore orderPatrick is a loser2) League only mildly protests, Britain and France do nothing. Told you they were cowards3) league imposes sanctions on Italy: ineffective4) 1937:: Italy says so long to the league5) rome-berlin axis formed. Japan says what’s up.(joins it you dummy)C.
Spanish civil war 1936 – 19391) nationalists vs. Loyalists2) loyalists support republic form of government led by a king3) nationalists led by Francisco Franco who was a fascist4) France gains outside support Germany Italy5) no outside support for loyalists; Franco wins in 19396) war was used by the Germans and the Italians as a testing ground for their new tech stuff and techniques etcD. Austria march 19381) Hitler invades to unify German speaking people2) Austrian people don’t resist they support Hitler3) no action taken by France of Britain4) gives Germany border with ally Italy and a foot hold in central EuropeE. Czechoslovakia November 19381) Hitler wants the sudetanland claiming mostly Germans live in this region2) Britannia and France protest ..
arrange a meeting with Hitler in Munich3) Munich pact: meeting of Britain, France, Germany, Italy. Attempt to preserve the peace at all costs (appeasement)4) sudetenland given to Hitler; promises no more5) Hitler takes the rest of Czechoslovakia in march 1939II. Axis powers on the move 1939-1940A.
Poland September 19391) August 1939: Hitler & Stalin sign a 10 year non-aggression pact2) Hitler and Stalin to divide Poland. Hitler wants Danzig to reunify Germans3) Germany attacks on Sep. 1939new types of warfare known as blitzkriegs or “lightning wars”4) Britain and France now ready to fight; WWII Begins5) Poland defeated in less than a monthB. “Phony War” Oct. 1939 – Mar. 19401) mobilization by France behind Maginot Line, Germans behind siegfried line2) British blockade German ports3) German subs begin sinking ships heading for England4) no army battles in western Europe still hope to avoid warC. Scandinavia and low countries; Apr. May 19401) Phony war ends with the German attack on Denmark and Norway; takes less than a month to defeat them both Germans calibrators (those who side with the country’s enemies) to win2) this gives the Germans access to the Atlantic and air bases to attack Britain3) next attack Netherlands and Belgium4) British led by Winston Churchill tries to help but its too late allied troops forced to back and trapped at Dunkirk5) Hitler’s first mistake is allowing over 340000 British troops to be evacuated at Dunkirk: France now alone to defend themselvesD.
Fall of France Jun. 19401) Germans use plan from WW1: French army outflanked by German army2) maginot line now useless3) French forced divided in full.4) henri petain surrenders to keep power in city of vichy5) north. France occupied by the Germans6) south.
France controlled by Germany; ran by petain (Vichy France)7) north Africa also under German control8) French resistance force led by chalesde caville England9) fall of France allows Germany to attack England and possibly invadeIII. shifting tide of war Jun. 1940 – 1943A. battle of Britain1) bombing raids on Britain2) Hitler plans to invade Britain3) RAF vs. German Luftwaffe led by German goering4) heaviest attacks occur between Aug. and Oct. 19405) luftwaffe never able to gain control of the air which prevents Germany from invading England6) first defeat for GermansB. north African campaign1) Germany had control of most of N.
Africa by 19422) German troops (Afrika Korps) led by general erwin rommel nicknamed the desert Fox3) allies start invasion of N. Africa (Operation Torch) in morocco led by general Eisenhower : French resistance fighters help allied forces in Algeria4) allied troops led by general Montgomery meet the Afrika Korps at El alamein in Egypt and stop the German advance on the Suez canal5) rommel retreats back and is caught between allied forces in Tunisia in may 19436) rommel leaves Africa returns to Germany then surrenders at twines N. Africa liberated from the GermansC. Russian campaign1) Germany invades soviet union Jun 1941 Hitler’s greatest mistake2) Germans advance quickly but don’t capture Moscow before winter hits, German retreat in winter 19423) spring 1942: Germans begin a new offensive against the soviet union, almost capture Moscow, Leningrad and stalingrad but are stopped by the Russian army and winter again.4) Hitler close to victory over the soviets by the end of 1942D. Japan attacks pearl harbor1) Sunday dec. 7, 1941 brings US into the war2) Japan destroys almost the entire pacific fleet only the aircraft carriers survive3) Japan doesn’t achieve the total victory they needed to win4) midway and coral sea may June 1942 Japan suffers its first naval defeats ends Japanese expansion into the pacificIV. Allies Victorious 1943 – 1945A.
Russian offensive1) begins with a victory at Stalingrad Jan. 19432) turning point of the war first defeat for german army3) 1944 russians reach german border most of south eastern europe liberated4) 1945 US and soviet troops meet at the elbe river in germany5) agree to allow soviet troops to enter berlin firstB. Italian Campaign (Operation Husky)1) begins with an invasion of sicily july 1943.
.sicily captured in one month2) next invasion of italian mainland led by general patton3) Mussolini forced resign4) rome finally liberated in june 1944C. Invasion of France (Operation Overload)1) Allies have control of both the air and the sea2) allows for a cross channel invasion commanded by general Eisenhower3) Allies trick the germans by telling them wrong spot for invasion4) Dday :: june 6 1944 = landing on normandy beach5) intense fighting paris liberated aug. 1944D. Victory in Europe1) Oct. 1944 allies break the siegfried line; enter germany2) dec. 1944 last german counter attack; battle of the ; sorry, nuthin here ?? ;3) greatest tank battle ever; allies close the buldge by battle feb.4) may 8 1945 VE day ends the war in europeE.
Pacific victory1) led by macarthur and nimitz2) island hopping selected islands to defeat japan3) greatest hand toward combat occurs and guadal canal4) US continues advancing recapture the Philippines Oct. 19445) july 1945 decision made to use the atomic bomb6) aug. 6 bomb is dropped on hiroshima aug 9 nagasaki7) VJ day sep. 2 1945 victorious over japanF. Cost of the war1) 12 million war deaths civ.
And mil.2) 12 million killed in concentration camps3) 2 billion dollars, paid by US4) cities being bombed now accepted as a part of war5) creates a new world dominated by the US and soviet union