Depression Human nutrition is the study of how food affects the health and survival of the human body. Human beings require food to grow, reproduce, and maintain good health. Without the food our bodies could not stay warm, build or repair tissues, and maintain a good heartbeat. Eating the right foods could help us rid certain diseases or recover faster other illness occur. These and other important functions are dueled by chemical substances in our food called nutrients. Nutrients play a major role in maintaining the bodies organs in functioning at its p0roper level. The Basal Metabolism Rate (BMR) is in influenced by the body site and on state of nutrition. The BMR is an important diagnostic tool especially in determines disorders of the thyroid gland. Inadequate secretion of the thyroid may lead to greatly depresses metabolism with mental and physically lethargy. Depression is a complex illness with many facets of which mood is only one.

Depression is a form of mental illness which a person experiences great sadness and despair in one. Depression can also be considered as self-destructive hatred, blaming oneself for being full of helpfulness. Depression can also be used to describe the blues a person may feel from time to time. Depressive disorders are at the present the highest-ranking problems in America. A variety of medical conditions can cause and lead to depression.

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A depressive disorder is a “whole body” illness involving your body, mood and thoughts. People with severe depressive disorder usually deal with a combination of genetics, behavioral, and environmental factors. People with these feelings have greater thoughts towards committing suicide. Fiftieth percent of depressed people commit and others attempt suicide. Most of these depressed persons suffer from malnutrition. Mental Health a, psychological state of well being, a sense of purpose in life.

Self-esteem, self-assurance, and self-acceptance, are all characteristics of mental health. Mental health is term used to refer to the absense of mental disorder. Mental health is focused upon by a persons capability of dealing with strenous situations. Being able to elude cognitive, emotional, and dysfunctional behavior is good form of mental health. A positive strategy for the mental health and limiting depression is decreasing stresses.

Sometimes there is much need for stress management. Psychological make-up also can be linked to depression. A number of different aspects of life can downside an individuals mental health. Depression is a major factor that affects a persons mental state. Many problems such as martial relationships, or financial difficulties in a persons life can lead to stress.

Stresses can also onset depression. Stress management can be a positive factor in reducing the risk of depression. “Depression is a common and costly mental illness that affects approximately 17.6 million Americans each year. Depression can affect a persons mental health. There are many different forms of depression that are linked to mental health disorders.

A number of mental illnesses occur worldwide. The most common disorders are manic depression, schizophrenia, and severe depression. Manic depression is a bipolar disease that causes mood swings from manic to depression. Manic disorders affect a persons way of thinking and judgment Schizophrenia is an abnormal behavior, which distorts thought and perceptions from reality. Severe depression sometimes referred to as major depression enables a person to interact with daily situations. Major depression is manifested by a combination of symptoms that prohibit the ability to work, eat, and sleep. These episodes may reoccur numerous times throughout a persons life.

Certain situations can drive a person into depressed state. Without proper treatment, symptoms of depression can last for weeks. A person must first have a physical and psychological evaluation to determine if in fact they do have a depressive disorder. Physicians have to first rule out all other possibilities before administering a medication. There must be a proper interview of the persons complete history. Lab test is also done to determine the symptoms the person is claiming to be having.

Necessary treatment will depend on the outcome of the evaluation. Depression can be treated with antidepressant drugs. The human brain has neurotransmitters, which control our emotion and mood state. Antidepressants act on these neurotransmitters by altering the level of the depressed state. A depressed person will take these drugs for at two-three weeks before they are to notice a change in their behavior.

Some people discontinue the medication too early. They are to continue taking the medication months afterwards to avoid a relapse. Antidepressant drugs may cause temporary side effects but are not habit forming. The most common side effects include, dry mouth, drowsiness, and blurred vision to name a few. The most commonly used antidepressant drugs are distinguished into three groups, (MAO), tricyclics, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Selective serotonin antidepressants produce fewer side effects than any other antidepressant drugs.

Prozac and Zoloft are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. “Prozac became the most widely used antidepressant s in the world, soon after its introduction.” Nardil is classified under (MAO) monoamine oxide inhibitor. The circumstance of this drug may cause a rise in blood pressure. People who take MAO drugs are to follow a strict diet and avoid alcoholic beverages and certain cheeses. Most patients obtain a list of foods from their physicians. Coping with the situation itself can control maintaining mental health.

The ability to cope with stress can be crucial for the mental health of a person. Many people have different ways of dealing with lifes scary moments. Coping means dealing with the aspects that arise in everyday life. A person must first come to reality with them and deal with the situation in their own way. Coping strategies may involve distraction from certain situations, sharing your emotions with others, and involving one in numerous activities.

Support from friends and family members can encourage good mental health. Individuals go through stages of negative thinking and make situations seen more stressful than they really are. Research has shown that the differences in peoples moods are inherited genes of their parents. Life is feel with many stepping stones that people go through and have to overcome. Certain situations may acquire more attention than others may.

Mental health and depression are among many mental health disorders; individuals deal with throughout their lives. Eventually individuals are able to cope with their situations and suppress their stress in a progressive way. Protection and improvement of the health of entire populations through community wide action primarily by governmental agencies and OAM. Environmental hazards promote behaviors that lead to good physical and mental health, educate the public about health and assure availability of high quality nutritional health services. “Depression is one of the more pervasive mental disorders.” The graph below shows the percentage of disorders; people have had during a period in their lives. Bibliography Briley, M., (Ed.), (1988). New Concepts In Depression.

France: Pierre Fabre Monograph Series National Institute of Health. (1998). A gateway consumer heath guide. Depression.{online}. File:Plain Talk About Depression. Wolman, Benjamin B., (Ed.). (1990).

Depressive Disorders Facts, Theories, And Treatment Methods. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Nutrition, Health Factors. (1999). Microsoft Encarta.


Depression Depression Depression in one form or another affects more than 19 million Americans each year (1), more than 1 in 5 Americans can expect to get some form of depression in their lifetime (2), almost two thirds of all depression cases go untreated (3), 15% of those diagnosed with depression commit suicide (4), almost 80% of those who experience depression can feel better with treatment ( 5) and clinical depression commonly co-occurs with other medical illnesses (6). These statistics are all dramatic and they are all about depression. The follow will discuss what depression is, causes of depression, symptoms of depression, different types of depression and also how you can treat depression. We start off with the question “What is depression”, the official text book definition of depression is “An emotional state in which there are extreme feelings of sadness, dejection, lack of worth, and emptiness” (7). Some alternative names for depression are “sadness; mood changes; gloom; blues; dejected; discouragement” (8).

In simpler terms depression is am emotional sate of feeling down or sad for prolonged periods of time. There are many different unique and different causes of stress; different causes of stress vary with age and situation. The following are the most common causes of depression “loss of a friend or relative, substantial disappointment at home or at work, general stresses, prolonged or chronic illness, drugs such as tranquilizers, high blood pressure medicines, steroids (prednisone), codeine, and indomethacin, alcohol intoxication, alcohol withdrawal, drug intoxication, drug withdrawal” (9). These causes have more to do with adults than teens. Specifically depression among teens can be caused by death or divorce of parents, death of a special pet, pressure to succeed, moving, peer pressure, conflicts or violence at home, Physical illness or disability, or problems in school (10).

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Depression can be detected by the following symptoms exhibited be the sufferer, “Loss of interest in things you used to enjoy including sex, feeling sad, blue, or down in the dumps, feeling slowed down or restless and unable to sit still, feeling worthless or guilty, changes in appetite or weight loss or gain, thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts, problems concentrating, thinking, remembering, or making decisions, trouble sleeping or sleeping too much, loss of energy or feeling tired all of the time” (11). The subject may be suffering from depression if the subject has several of these symptoms every day and all day, lasting at least or more than two weeks. Some other possible symptoms of depression include, ” Headaches, other aches and pains, digestive problems, sexual problems, feeling pessimistic or hopeless and being anxious or worried” (12). There are many different types of depression that one may be suffering from. The first type of depression is called Major Depression; major depression is twice as common in women as in me and 1.5 to 3 times more common among people with close biological relatives who have been similarly afflicted.

About 9%-26% of women and 5%-12% of men in the United States develop major depression (13). A quick definition of Major depression is “A recurrent emotional state characterized by feelings of persistent sadness, worthlessness, dejection, loss of hope, and loss of interest in usual activities” (14). Major depression, which sometimes develops over a period of days or weeks and sometimes occurs suddenly. Without treatment, a major depressive episode typically lasts for six months or more. Usually victims recover completely and return to the same level of functioning they had before the illness struck (15).

The next type of depression is Dysthymia, Dysthymia affects adults and children differently. Dysthymic adults experience deep and lasting depression without significant change in mood for at least two years. In children and adolescents, Dysthymia may last for as little as a year(16). Manic depression, which therapists refer to as bipolar illness is the most dramatic mood disorder. Its victim’s moods swing from depression to the opposite extreme-euphoria. About 1 in every 100 people suffers from manic depression at some point. Usually manic depression beings in a person’s twenties, and in most cases develop before age 35. Men and women are affected in equal numbers (17). The Dutch Postimpressionist artist Vincent van Gogh suffered major manic depressive episodes, which culminated in suicide in 1890, also actress Patty Duke also suffered from manic depression. Cyclomania is another type of depression in which sufferers experience episodes of “Hypomania (18)” and depressed mood over a two-year period (one-year for children and adolescents.

Although the symptoms are similar to those of manic and major depression the impairment is never extreme (19). Another major type of depression is seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is an annual rhythm of depression that appears to be linked to seasonal variations in light. Although the gloomy, gray days of winter can bring anyone down, some people feel more than slightly depressed at this time of the year. This disorder is caused by an overabundance of melatonin, asleep-inducing hormone that the brain produces only at night. There is also an opposite of winter depression called spring depression but researchers have not yet found the cause of this disorder (20). And the last type of depression is called Psychotic Depression, about 10% of people suffering from clinical depression experience delusions or hallucination so severe that they lose touch with reality.

Hallucinatioins psychotic depressives perceive may revolve around the feelings commonly associated with depression (guilt, inadequacy, and preoccupation with death) or they may involve completely different themes, such as persecution or delusions of control. This disorder can strike any age group; the average sufferer may be in his late twenties, but children, teenagers, and older adults are also susceptible. The risk of suicide is five to six times greater for victims of psychotic depression as it is for people who do not suffer from any form of depression (21). Even thought it may seem that there is no way to treat depression there are many ways of treatment some include therapy and others include prescription drugs. In the beginning psychologists like Alfred Meyer and Sigmund Freud had different theories on the causes of depression.

Adolf Meyer an American psychiatrist held that the nature of depression was a psychological rather than physical, Meyer also thought that depression could occur by itself or be accompanied by other psychiatric disorders. Sigmund Freud on the other hand believed that depression arose when there was a conflict between two of the forces of the human mind- the superego(internalizes parental and societal rules) and the ego(conscious mind). Freud proposed that that when the superego “abuses” the ego-“threatens it with the direst punishment .. represents the claims of morality, and we realize all at once that our moral sense of guilt is the expression of the tension between the ego and the superego”(22). Putting theories aside the best was to treat these depressive disorders is through Self-help groups in which a sympathetic listener can be enormously helpfully as you try to sort out your feelings and thoughts. Another method for treating these depressive disorders is through Psychotherapy which are often called “talking therapies”- are short term, structured treatments, generally ranging from 12 to 20 sessions over a period of 12 to 16 weeks. Another treatment that is usually turned to as a quick fix for depressive disorders is through medications; these medications include Monoamine oxidase (MAO) amitryptiline (Elavil, doxepin (Sinequan), imparamine (Tofranil), desipramine (Norpramin), also there a constantly new drugs coming out like Prozac coming out to the market that are aimed at dealing with mood disorders.

But often times the best treatment for moderate depression is often a relaxing afternoon with friends or loved ones (1)(Bibliography #4) sion facts.htm (2)( Bibliography #4) sion facts.htm (3)( Bibliography #4) sion facts.htm (4)( Bibliography #2) pg21 The Encyclopedia Of Health Depression (5)(Bibliography #4) sion facts.htm (6)( Bibliography #4) sion facts.htm (7) (Bibliography #5) and Conditions/Disease Feed Data/Depression/ (8) (Bibliography #5) and Conditions/Disease Feed Data/Depression/ (9) (Bibliography #5) and Conditions/Disease Feed Data/Depression/ (10) (Bibliography #1) Pg30 Everything you need to know about depression (11) (Bibliography #3) Pg 7 Depression Is a Treatable Disease (12) (Bibliography #3) Pg 7 Depression Is a Treatable Disease (13) ( Bibliography #2) Pg 38 The Encyclopedia Of Health Depression (14) (Bibliography #5) and Conditions/Disease Feed Data/Major depression/ (15) ( Bibliography #2) Pg 38 The Encyclopedia Of Health Depression (16) ( Bibliography #2)Pg 39 The Encyclopedia Of Health Depression (17) ( Bibliography #2)Pg 40 The Encyclopedia Of Health Depression (18) Definition of Hypomania:mainia (19) ( Bibliography #2)Pg 45 The Encyclopedia Of Health Depression (20) ( Bibliography #2)Pg 46 The Encyclopedia Of Health Depression (21) ( Bibliography #2)Pg 46 The Encyclopedia Of Health Depression (1) Everything you need to know about depression, Ayer H. Elanor, First edition 1994, Published in 1994 by The Rosen Publishing Group Inc (2) The Encyclopedia of Health : Psychological Disorders and their treatment : Depression, Hales Dianne, Snyder H. Snyder, M.D.-General Editor, Published by Chelsea House of Publishers copyright 1989 (3) Depression is a treatable Illness: A patient’s guide: Depression in primary Care, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Pub. No. AHCPR 93-0553 April 1993 (Pamphlet) (4), facts.htm Copyright 1995-2000 Colorado HealthNet. All rights reserved. Psychology Essays.


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