Depression I Depression 1 Each year, more than 19 million Americans over the age of 18 experience a depressive illness. 2 Three major types Seasonal Affective Disorder Bipolar Disorder Postpartum Depression II Seasonal Affective Disorder 1 Occurs in Fall and early spring Varies in location 10% Northern New England states 5% Baltimore/Washington area 2% Southern California or Florida 2 Characterized by series of symptoms Change in appetite or weight Sleep problems Memory loss Problems concentrating Inability to make decisions Low self-esteem Suicidal thoughts 3 Who suffers? are women Men and children suffer also 20 years old Inherited 4 Causes Change in sunlight exposure III Bipolar Disorder 1 Manic depression Episodes of mania and depression At least 2 million American suffer 20% commit suicide Linked to seasonal affective disorder 2 Symptoms for mania Increased energy, activity, restlessness, racing thoughts, and rapid talking Decreased need for sleep Abuse of drugs and sleep medication Denial that anything is wrong Symptoms for depression Persistent sad, anxious, or empty mood Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness Restlessness or irritability Thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts 3 Who suffers? 1 in 5 causes begins in late childhood or adolescents 25-35 4 Causes Chemical imbalance Believe to be inherited IV Postpartum Depression 1 Recognized by Hippocrates in 460 B.C. 2 Symptoms- appear with a few months of delivery Deep sadness Frequent crying Insomnia Lethargy Irritability 3 Who suffers? 1 in 10 Expecting and new mothers Affects Husband Affects newborn child 4 Causes Not known Stress Related to Bipolar disorder V In conclusion 1 Three types of depression Seasonal Affective Disorder Bipolar Disorder Postpartum Depression 2 All major types Speech and Communcations.