The Crucible is a play about witchcraft. It all begins with a group of young
women playing with witchcraft taught by Tituba and Abigail Williams. Reverend
Parris found them and most of the girls scattered but the smallest girls stayed,
frozen with fear. The people of Salem, where the setting is, hold a church
meeting and call Reverend Hale to decide if it is witchcraft. Hale comes to
Salem and gets the girls to confess and blame Tituba, the slave that taught them
witchcraft. Tituba confesses and blames the devil. The city of Salem called in
deputies to try people for witchcraft and the girls start their acts of
vengeance on the entire town. Abigail Williams who lusts for John Proctor
tries to bring Elizabeth Proctor, Johns wife, to trial. Abigail went to the
council and pulled a needle out of her stomach and claimed Elizabeth was
responsible. Hale visited Elizabeth again and found a needle stuck in the
abdomen of a doll. Abigail had planted it. The chaos continued and the girls
continue to pretend to see the devil during the trials, but to find out what
happens youll have to read the play. There are many themes that you can
explore in this play; marital relationships, the effects of mass hysteria, but
the most important is, understanding the concept of dignity and honor.


1.Parris is very insecure. His the minister of Sale. His major concerns is his reputation and his money. He cares more about the witchcraft in his house then the welfare of his own daughter.
2.They are the richest people in the village they have the most money and land. They think they are above the rest of the people. They lost seven out of eight babies so they believe there is something superstitious at work, such as witchcraft.

3.Proctor is displeased with the way Parris is running the church. Proctor had an affair with Abigail. He says the did but battles with himself that they didn’t.

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4.Goody Putnam thinks that her midwives are witches because all but one of her kids died. Also people are suspicious cause because the girls were dancing in the woods, also because the girls are sick.
6.They said that the devil could take any form such as a cat, dog, bird, frog, etc…

7.Tituba named people so that she wouldn’t be killed. Abigail did so she could be the center of attention. Betty names witches so she could get it off her back.

8.Hale is a very honest person, where the Putnams seem to be very evil in a way.

9.The relationship between John and Elizabeth is very cold and distant.

10.If you confess to being a witch they will feel you are taking one step closer to god and you don’t you would be hanged.

11.Elizabeth is concerned about the other people in jail but at the same time she worries about herself.

12.Abigail might charge him with adultery.

13.Hale wanted to see what type of people they were.

14.He forgot the commandment that he broke.

15.There was a poppet in the Proctor house with a needle stuck in the stomach. Abigail accused Elizabeth’s spirit of sticking a needle in her.

16.Rebecca Nurse was also arrested that night.

17.Toward the end of the act, he seems to care more for his wife and is more willing to die for her.

18.He is the deputy governor. He is strictly black and white. And is a very serious person.

19.Giles is an eighty year old strong man. He will take you to court if he feels you have taken advantage of him. He uses his daughter to accuse witchery on people so he can get their land.

21.She started yelling and acting like she sees a bird. It causes the other girls to go along with it and they start going insane.
22.Proctor confess to adultery.

23.Elizabeth is brought in cause John says she wouldn’t lie but she does. Also Mary accuses John of being a witch.

24.He always finds out the truth. He knows that girls are lying.

25.Hale returns to save more innocent lives. He feels really guilty.

26.Rebecca doesn’t lie because she is a very spiritual person.

27.Abby ran away. She stole all of her uncles money and boarded a boat with Mercy.

29.He thinks that it will revel a weakness on his past.

30.Huge slabs of stone were laid on his chest until he couldn’t breathe. And he still wouldn’t give them name of the person.

31.They were honest with themselves and also with each other. It changes because he is about to die.

32.His name is who he is and he must be true to himself.


A crucible, as defined by the Merriam-Webester Concise Electronic Dictionary, is “the
state or fact of being tested (as by suffering)”, which attests to what Elizabeth Proctor is
going through exactly. Elizabeth has quite a crucible to struggle through. The infidelity of
her husband is a major element in her being. Her struggle includes staying true to both her
husband and her God. Another is the persecution by Abigail Warren, a former employee
and assistant. Elizabeth also has to suffer through the decision to reveal the unfaithfulness
of John or to remain strong in her love of him. All of this is too much for Elizabeth and the
burden is very heavy. Elizabeth’s husband, John, is a religious man. He believes in God,
but not the minister who preaches His word. John’s actions, though, are not so religious
and devoid of sin. Abby, a young seductress, was able to gain his attention while Elizabeth
was bedridden. A fiery and passionate affair scared his relationship with his wife. Elizabeth
struggles with his infidelity. When Reverend Hale questions the couple on the
commandments, it is evident that there is still a void between her and John. All
commandments could be recited except for adultery. In the puritan culture, adultery is a
grievous sin, one punishable by death. She has to live through each day knowing that John
was unfaithful, and that he did not fulfill the commitment of marriage. She feels hurt and
betrayed, but what Abby tries next is the most underhanded trick possible. Abigail was
placed in power due to her “ability” to spot the devil in people. She could see those who
trafficked with the devil and who was in his book. This was an opportunity to settle the
score for her. Goody Proctor had discharged Abby from her home, and now was Abby’s
chance to get back at Elizabeth.. All she needed was an opportunity. Following the idea of
spirits leaving the body of a host, she stabbed herself with a needle, and blamed it on
Elizabeth’s familiar spirit. Elizabeth had to fight the accusations and the suspicions about
her and her bad intentions. She was backed in a corner and there was nowhere to go. If
she confessed to being a witch, she would spend her days in jail, and her name would be
forever tarnished. If she did not confess at all, she would be hanged for being a witch. It
was trying not only on her, but on her faith. Another factor, though, would impact her
emotional problems. In an attempt to prove that Abby was just condemning people out of
vengeance, John Proctor asked the court to allow Elizabeth to reveal the real reason that
Abby was discharged from their home. His favor was granted, with the understanding that
neither John nor Abby could face or gesture to Elizabeth. She was asked why she
discharged Abby, and then if she believed that there was an affair between John and Abby.

She denied an affair, and in that way condemned John as a liar and as one trying to
overthrow the court. He was arrested and was indicted in the matter of trafficking with the
devil. Throughout the time that the Salem trials took place, John believed that they were a
farce. Now, with Elizabeth present, he was given a choice. He could sign a confession and
indict other people. He asked Elizabeth if she wanted him to live, and she said yes. He
made the decision to not confess, though, and she had the choice of stopping him. She
could if she wanted to, but she made the decision to let John be at peace with God. She
allowed him to leave without confessing, and he was hanged. The Crucible was not just
about one town experiencing a trial that would forever change it. It was about individual
people experiencing events that would destroy lives, reputations, and families. Elizabeth
was one of those individuals who would go through the hardest trials and tribulations. She
had three crucibles to bear, each of equal strength. Standing by her husband, who was
unfaithful, was the first in the chain. Being attacked by the girl that caused her husband to
be unfaithful was the second, and deciding to let her husband be at peace or to be with her
was the third. She was faced with three hard decisions that would change everything that
she knew. The Crucible used these characters to amplify the inner lives of those caught up
in a hunt for the unseen, and to show that there was more than one conflict involved.

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Elizabeth showed strength through her trials, and defined the meaning of crucible.


Crucible When I first arrived I found this province miserably harassed with a most Horrible witchcraft, which had, broke in upon several Towns. A fair amount of poor people were given preternatural torture; some Burned with brimstone, some had pins stuck in their flesh, others hurried into the fire and water, and some were dragged out of their houses, and carried over the tops of trees and hills for many Miles together. The loud cried and a commotion of the friends of the afflicted people with the advice of the Deputy, and many others supported me to give a Commission for discovering what witchcraft might be at the bottom, or whether it was not a possession. When the Court came to sit at Salem they convicted more than twenty persons of being guilty of witchcraft, some of the convicted confessed their Guilt. The Court, as I understand, began their proceedings with the accusations of the afflicted and then went upon other humane evidences to strengthen that.

I was questioning myself if the judgement of the Court has the right to proceed in cases of Witchcraft. Yet when I came home I found many persons in a strange uproar of dissatisfaction, which was increased by some hot Spirits that blew up the flame. When on inquiring into the matter, I found that the name and shape of several persons were doubtless, innocent, and to my knowledge, of good reputation. The committing of any more that shall be accused, and those that have been committed, I would shelter from any Proceedings against them. Where there may be the least suspicion of any wrong to be done unto the Innocent.

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I have also put a stop to the printing of any writing that may increase the needless disputes of people. I felt that if this continued I saw a likelihood of kindling an inextinguishable flame. I hereby declare that as soon as I came from fighting against their Majesties Enemies, and understood what danger some of their innocent subjects might be exposed to, the evidence of the afflicted persons only prevailed either to the committing or trying of any of them. I am requesting to put a stop to the proceedings of the court. Sir, I beg pardon for giving you all this trouble.

The reason is because I know my enemies are seeking to turn on me. I depend upon your friendship and desire that you will please give a true understanding of the matter. I am with all imaginable respect Your most humble Servant Kristi Jones.


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