Communismthe Ideal Society Society Is Flawed There Are Critical Imbalances In

.. t individuals should be equal, not divided into two distinct worlds. Marx describes the current individual in society saying that “In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality, while the living person is dependent and has no individuality” (Marx, p.69). He also makes the distinguishing point that it is important for the reader to realize that objections they have more than likely rise up from their own bourgeoisie background. “You must, therefore, confess that by individual’ you mean no other person than the bourgeois, than the middle-class owner of property. This person must, indeed be swept out of the way, and made impossible” (Marx, p.70).

Marx, and also communism, wants to correct society so that all individuals benefit without a particular ruling and enslaved class. Marx speaks for communism saying, “All that we want to do away with, is the miserable character of this appropriation, under which the labourer lives merely to increase capital, and is allowed to live only in so far as the interest of the ruling class requires it” (Marx, p.69). Marx declares if communism is implemented that “In proportion as the exploitation of one individual by another is put an end to, the exploitation of one nation by another will also be put an end to” (Marx, p.73). With all of this established clearly Marx thinks it wrong that a small group of people should profit so much to the detriment of so many. Any society that encourages this, or allows this to develop is wrong, and should be changed. He believes that society is incorrect and corrupt to allow so many people to suffer.

As a result he writes this manifesto that lays out the problems, and explains why he believes that communism will correct the balance of society and create an existence where every person is valued, and no one can raise themselves up by oppressing another. The next obvious question is how society is going to make the transition from the current capitalism to Marx’s communism. Clearly the ruling bourgeois are not going to wake up one day and realize that the whole basis of their society is cruel and corrupt and decide to redistribute their wealth. However, Marx believes that is inevitable that the proletariat will realize their situation and their power, and overturn the current society. “Its [bourgeois] fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable” (Marx, p.66). This notwithstanding, it will still be necessary for the proletariat to take things into their own hands and correct the current problems.

This brings up the topic of violence. As declared before, the bourgeois will not be readily willing to forfeit their position, so stronger measures will be necessary to create the change that is necessary. Marx has two things to say on this subject. First, violence in and of itself is not a good thing. Second, however, it may at times be necessary to achieve a greater good.

First, let’s establish Marx’s position that violence in general should be avoided. Marx speaks of constant upheaval and violence in several places. “oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary re-constitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes” (Marx, p.55). Constant opposition, or violence results in the destruction of both forces, according to Marx. Again, he says, “Constant revolutionizing of production, uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions, everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the bourgeois epoch from all earlier ones” (Marx, p.58). Quite clearly, constant upheaval and violence is not a good thing, but is detrimental to both the individual and society. However, in order to institute communism, which is the greatest good according to Marx, a revolution is necessary.

Revolution does not necessarily mean violence. However, in this case violence will be difficult to avoid, and Marx states that violence may be necessary. Marx wrote several passages regarding this. He declares that, “The proletariat, the lowest stratum of our present society, cannot stir, cannot raise itself up, without the whole superincumbent strata of official society being sprung into the air” (Marx, p.65). What is being described here is clearly nothing less than a revolution, a complete reversal in thought and society.

Marx then describes the first step in this revolution. “We have seen above, that the first step in the revolution by the working class, is to raise the proletariat to the position of ruling class, to win the battle of democracy” (Marx, p.74). So it is clear that the first step is to raise the proletariat to the ruling class, but how is this done? Marx writes that “we traced the more or less veiled civil war, raging within existing society, up to the point where that war breaks out into open revolution, and where the violent overthrow of the bourgeoisie lays the foundation for the sway of the proletariat” (Marx, p.66). He speaks directly of violence when he says that “If the proletariat during its contest with the bourgeoisie is compelled, by the force of circumstances, to organize itself as a class, if, by means of a revolution, it makes itself the ruling class, and, as such, sweeps away by force the old condition of production” (Marx, p.75). If the proletariat is forced to violence, then violence should be taken, because it is for the greater good.

Marx puts it all together in one final statement. “In short, the Communists everywhere support every revolutionary movement against the existing social and political order of things.” (Marx,p.86). Putting things back into perspective again, it is vital to realize that this violence should be short lived, and only continue until the proletariat is in position to make some changes to society. “Of course, in the beginning, this [the establishment of communism] cannot be effected except by means of despotic inroads on the rights of property, and on the conditions of bourgeoisproduction; by means of measure, therefore, which appear economically insufficient and untenable, but which, in the course of the movement, outstrip themselves, necessitate further inroads upon the old social order, and are unavoidable as a means of entirely revolutionizing the mode of production” (Marx, p.74). Marx uses terms like despotic inroads,’ necessitate,’ and unavoidable’ to describe the necessary violence.

Violent acts are terrible things in and of themselves, but must be used at times for a greater good. However, in his ideal society, once communism has been reached there will be no more violence. After all this, however, it is clear that Marx makes some rather remarkable assumptions regarding human nature. First, he believes that it is inevitable that the proletariat will realize that things are not as they should be, and that something needs to be done about it. Secondly, he believes that people will know the correct amount of violence necessary to achieve their goals, and will not exceed that. Finally, he assumes that once the state of communism is reached, that there will be no dissenters that will try to take advantage of the situation and raise themselves up.

The rule of Stalin and Lenin are good examples of people taking an opportunity to exploit and oppress. The idea of communism would appear to be just that, an idea, an ideal. It may notnecessarily be bad to try to approach it, but because human nature is necessarily flawed in all likelihood communism will never be reached in full. However, even with all of this, the idea of communism has done some good. Clearly it caused some reform in the area of capitalism, toning it down from what it was during the time of Marx.

It has helped by acting as a mirror in which it is possible to see where society is making mistakes, and where a new balance must be struck between the needs of the individual, and theneeds of society. Even an idea such as communism which may not be fully applicable can still have, and has had, a profound effect on future society and humankind. ——–.