Strict Constr.—Judges should use strictly legal precedent for legal opinionsStrict-aka-legal formalism//Broad-aka-Legal Realism
Broad Constadapting & changing law to fit needs of contemp. society.
Impoundmentpres. refusal to fund program-if he doesn’t support.
Jud. activism(lib.)active role for courts;they should use jud. review to strike down on laws that violate const. or its principles.
Judicial Reviewinterpret const. ; constit. of actions by gov. branches.
Jud. self-rest.(cons)restrained role for courts;theyshould find actions of other branches of gov. constitutional ; permissible.
libertarianindiv. freedom-all aspects of politics ; gov.
liberalssocial equality/gov-soc;econ probs-not instilling morals.
Plebiscite nat. poll dis/approval for policies or leaders in power.
Pocket Vetoif pres. refuses to sign or veto, during 10 day consider,
–if Congress remains in session-bill=law w/out pres. signature.
Pol. cultureshared values of society-affect what people want & how they express those demands.
Func.-partiesrecruit candid.,promote policies, connect st. & local branches nationaly, assign peop to tasks&posit. in gov once elected, internal dialogues-how govern,provide nat. organ. to coordin functions
Thomas Paine’sfrom Britain; hates monarchy; as long as central
Common Sense -power, rights of indiv. were in danger.
Charges-partiesno clear vision or braod choices;aimed at getting elected; corrupted by interest gr. $; breakdown in par loyalty changed nature of political leadership& weakened gov.