Ch.12 Paul Whiteman(1890-1967)= a classically trained violinist and violist who adored jazz but lacked the gift to emulate the uninhibited improvisations of the jazz musicians he admired, formed a dance band in the early twenties that played jazzy arrangements of popular and even classical melodies. Blues = a black vocal folk music, began as vocal (largely instrumental). Classical blues = based on 3 lines of text. Wild wame dont do the blues. Urban Blues = blues pieces written for publication and professional performance. W.C.
Handy = father of the blues. Boggie woogie = arrived from blues (a popular piano style with the form and harmony of the blues, but a faster tempo and a dance beat. Jelly morton = blues pianst. Combo = small instrumental ( jazz band ) a small jazz ensemble. History of jazz = from new Oreans to chicago. Louis Armstrong =(1900-1971) violent childhood in New Orleans, became gentle, he played the cornet, and then formed his own band, and moved to the trumpet. Dixieland jazz = a white imitation of New Orleans jazz, introduced in Chicago; faster, more intense than New Orleans jazz.
Sweet jazz = music with the sound and flavor of jazz, but arranged so that playing it requires little improvisation. (by Paul Whiteman, ) Rphosedy in Blue = by George Groshen (composer). (No propisation) =(sweet jazz) Harlem = in New York (jam) section (session). ==a black neighborhood in uptown new york city that became an important center for jazz. In 30s development of (swing) big bands.
Saxaphones, and clarenits, which were very important, (reed, instruments. Wood inst.) Swing = a term with many meanings, including (a) a mood of lilting spontaneity, (b) a danceable music played by the big bands in the thirties and forties. Benny Goodman(1909-1986) = king of swing. Brought big band music to national attention through his many recordings and radio programs. Count Basie(1904-1984) = was a pianist. Who defined jazz as music you can pat your foot to, became one of the most popular of all big band arrangers and leaders. (leader of band in kansas City jazz.
Bessie Smith = (1894-1937) most famous of all urban blues singers and surely one whose records earned the most money for their recording company. Jam = to improvise together informally. Ragtime Piano = stride piano= a jazz piano style in which the left hand alternates low bass notes (on one and three) with mid-range chords (on two and four). Cadenza = solo passage. (were orchestra stops, and a solo sings.) Ch.13 Jazz = in 1940s a new generation of young Americans (big band music). Beebop = a complex, highly improvised jazz style, largely developed by Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie.
Charle Parker Bird(1920-1955) saxophone virtuoso, style of jazz. But he also introduced new rhythmic, melodic, and improvisational techniques that lifted jazz to a different plane. Walking bass = a steadily moving pattern in the plucked string bass that has melodic as well as rhythmic implications. Dave Brubeck = (b.1910) was in the forefront of progressive jazz on the West Coast, where performances.(pianist and composer) who played with Dixieland and swing bands as a youngster. Unusual rythimic patterns (known for unusaul meters) also known for (take five) his song. Duke Ellington(1899-1974) pianist, composer, arranger, and loved band.
3rd stream music = as coined by Gunther Schuller, the term refers to the combination, but not the blending, of jazz and classical music. Miles Davis = (1926-1991) virtuoso trumpet player, Davis was also an outstanding bandleader, composer, and innovator, who continued throughout his life to experiment with creative ideas in jazz.(he was involved cool jazz). Riff = a repeated rhythmic pattern that provides unity in jazz composition . Ella Fitzgerald = to sing scat. Bitonality = two keys at the same time.
Ch. 14. Revue = costumed show with no integerated plot. A series of scenes united by a theme but without a plot. (bunch of songs).
Operetta or light opera = a form of music theater in which the music and dancing are closely integrated with the plot.(show boat) example. Ziegfeld Follies = Elegant revues produced by Florenz Ziegfeld nearly every year from 1907 to 1932.(written by people from Europe). American operettas = musical shows adapted from the Viennese style, written for the Broadway stage. Book shows = Musicals with an integrated plot. Ch. 15. George M. Cohan(1878-1942) by his teens, Cohan was providing most of the material for the familys acts.
Self taught, he made up the skits, composed the songs, wrote the lyrics, and promoted the shows, in which he acted, sang and danced. Show Boat = landmark musical, by Jerome Kern, based upon a literary work and addressing sensitive social issues. Lornz Hart (1895-1943) = one of the most talented lyricists Broadway has known. Rhymes-witty, sophisticated, clever, sometimes devilish, and often risue`- unacceptable for the radio stations of his day. Oscar Hammerstein II = lyricist, wrote the lyrics for his next show, oklahoma. Richard Rodgers(1902-1979) = had two careers, both of them as a songwriter, worked with one lyricist for many years to produce a number to extremely successful musicals.
(worked with !st lorenze hart and 2nd oscar Ireinstein. Showboat = was based on a play (novel) by Leonard Berinstein-(1918-1990) pianist and conductor, and composer primarily asssociated with concert music, though he made significant contributions as well to vernacular music and particularly to the Broadway musical stage. Examples, on the Town, Wonderful Town, Candide, and West Side Story. Andrew. D Weber = hes British. Ch.
16. On film music. Filmscore = all of the music accompanying a film. Mickey Mousing = musically mimicking or accenting an action. Source or Diegetic Music = music hard by characters in the film as well as by the film audience.
Functional or nondegetic music = music heard by the audience only. Soundtrack = all of the dialogue, sound effects, and music of a film. Classical Hollywood filmscore = lush orchestral scores particularly associated with films of the 1930s 1940s and 1950s. Quarter tones = those lying halfway between half steps. New age = a soft rock style providing soothing, repetitious blocks of gentle, unassuming sounds produced by synthesizers or acoustic folk instruments.
Theremin = the earlist electronic musical instrument. Temp = temporary filmscore, composed of existing music, offered to demonstrate to a films composer the type of music desired for the film. Suite = instrumental composition comprised of several pieces; the suite from a film includes several sections of music from the filmscore. Ch. 17.
Opera = a drama that is sung, usually with orchestral accompaniment. Chamber opera = an opera for a small number of performers. Recitative …