Ludwig van Beethoven was born in 1770 in Bonn, Germany, to Johann and Maria Magdelna van Beethoven. His father was also a musician and had dreams of young Ludwig becoming the Next Mozart. Beethoven’s father was tenor singer in the court chapel of Prince archbishop of Cologne, where his grandfather a native of Holland had for a number of years the post of musical director. He was therefore brought up from his earliest youth in a musical atmosphere. While the father was rigorous and not always reasonable in his rule over the young genius, his mother was often over lienent with him, a fact which may account for some of the traits of character the young man developed later on.
At the age of five years his father began instruct him violin playing, and at eight the musical director, Pfeifer, undertook his training on the piano while the court organist Van den Eden and his successor Christian Gottlab Neefe instructed him in organ playing harmony and composition. As a pianist he made such rapid progress that in a few years he was able to interpret Bach’s well-tempered Clavichord and his improvise in a masterly fashion. At thirteen years of age he gave forth his first compositions a set six sonatas. These and some other productions of his early youth later repudiated and destroyed. When he was fifteen Elector Maximilian whose assistant court organist he had in the meantime become unable young Beethoven to visit Vienna.
At the age of 17 Beethoven mad e his first trip to Vienna but upon learning his mother was gravely ill he immediately returned home. It was not until five years later that he again traveled to Vienna, this time making it his him. In Vienna Beethoven studied under another classical music’s great composers Hadyn, as well as Schenk, Albrechtsbeger and Salieri. Beethoven quickly became successful as a piano virtuoso and his performances brought him patronage for Vienna’s aristocracy. Around 1802 Beethoven realized that he was losing his hearing but continued to compose and attempted to keep his impairment a secret. By 1812 he had become severely depressed over his hearing loss and failed marital hopes. In 1815 Beethoven was involved in custody case over his late brothers son which he eventually won. Towards the end of Beethoven ‘s life the Italian opera had become out of style. Beethoven died in Vienna in 1827 with over 10,000 people attendance at his funeral. To be shut off to a great extent from social intercourse for which on account of his generous nature, he always craving and to be unable to hear even his own creations was painful lot till the end of his days.
Beethoven has left us some 135 works among them chamber music in every for m9 symphonies 1 oratorio 1operaand 2 masses. Most of these creations must be classed with the greatest music compositions the human mind has produced. In Beethoven instrumental music the vehicle of subjectivism par excellence finds its culmination after a gradual development extending over almost three centuries. In his hands it became the most powerful voice of prevailing Zeitgeist. Living in an age and atmosphere of religious liberalism when hegalian pantheism pervaded the literature of the day especially Geothe’s fiction and peotry he could not escape their befogging influence. His statement that thoroughness and religion are nondebatable questions indicates both the spirit of the times and his own attitude it also explains his other saying that music must strike fire out of the mind of man.
It has been pointed out that in most of his instrument works no less than in his opera Fidelio and the latter ending with achorla finale on sSchiller. Beethoven reveals and depicts the inner struggle against and the triumphant victory over doubt. His two Masses bear the sane subjective character. They are great works of religious art, but they must be considering apart of liturgical service.