American Revolution

American Revolution Equality is something Americans strive to provide and maintain..

we always have. It has become a necessary part of our culture.. even now to the point that when people think of America, they naturally think of freedom and equality. The foundations of this country have relied upon it, just as it was the created by the events in the laying of those foundations.J.R. Pole states in his book, The Pursuit of Equality in American History, that the American Revolution plays an extremely significant role in the history of equality in American society.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

“The American Revolution in all its aspects constituted an upheaval which was also a point of departure and reference for all subsequent definitions of equality; it was a major event in the ideology and rhetoric of world history.” (Pole, 3) Pole suggests that the reason for the start of the American Revolution was an “outraged sense of equality.” America was so offended by its mother country, England, that they put an unbelievable amount of emphasis on the very idea of equality; making it the “center of the nations public morality.” (Pole, 38) When the revolution was over, the Bill of Rights and the Constitution — the framework of this nation — emphasized equality so greatly that it has now persuaded the rest of the world that America is, indeed, the so called, promised land; the land of freedom.

“The men who led the colonial protest.. had little idea that they were inaugurating an intellectual upheaval.” (Pole, 132) Yet, by the time the Revolutionary War was done, America had a new identity and new egalitarian values. And this new equality “retained a remarkably central place as the moral imperative around which American thinking turned..” (Pole, 132) Equality had begun, however inadvertently, in the aftermath of the Revolutionary War.Pole states that during the time of the Revolutionary War, it would have been foolish to believe that any event, no matter how significant or momentous, would have foreseen “the proclamation of the ideal of natural rights equality as the general principle of the American people.

Yet that is what happened in the American Revolution.” (Pole, 23) According to Pole, the Revolution caused what he calls the “Interchangeability Principle:” the idea that Americans are exchangeable with one another. This theory suggests that all Americans are equal in regards to their natural abilities. However, the differences appear in the area of circumstance: “..vast differences made by education, habits of life, leisure..” and so forth.

(Pole, 142) Yet there is still the belief that America is devoid of any class structure.This was brought about by such historical events as the Revolutionary War; just as this idea is constantly being steeped in the minds of American society by any circumstance that promotes egalitarian beliefs. Any such fight for freedom or equality simply emphasizes the idea that America is a free nation, therefore, supposedly, free of social classes. “But,” as Pole states, “if we were to try to give the idea some formal definition it would be enough to describe it as a widespread, and often rather optimistic conviction that the social, racial, educational and economic differences that divide people.

. are not the most significant indicators of their true qualities or abilities.” (Pole, 142) In other words, regardless of circumstantial differences, there exists an innate belief in American society that those differences do not make them any more or less valuable than anyone else. Certainly, the Revolutionary War had a significant effect on the rise of egalitarianism in American society.

Even though this effect was somewhat unintentional, it has created a nation with a strong sense of values and determination. The American Revolution produced the equality-driven nation that is known to Americans as well as other societies around the world.

American Revolution

1760- King George takes the throne of England.1763- French and Indian War Ends. Canada and land east of the Mississippi River is added to Great Britiain’s Empire.1765- The Stamp Act is passed. The Stamp Act was passed as a means to pay for British troops on the American frontier.

The colonists were the ones paying for the troops and they violently protested the Act.1766- The Stamp Act is repealed.1768- British troops arrive in Boston to enforce laws.1770- Four workers are shot by British troops stationed in Boston.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

The American Patriots labeled the killings “The Boston Massacre.”1773- Massachusetts patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians protest the British Tea Act by dumping crates of tea into the Boston Harbor. The British Tea Act was when the British increased the taxes on tea that were shipped to the colonies.1774- Benjamin Franklin and the First Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia.

1775- Shots are fired at Lexington and Concord. The colonists force the British troops back to Boston. George Washington takes command of the Continental Army.

1776- Thomas Paine’s Common Sense is published. The book contained many ideas that inspired the colonists to rebel against Great Britain.-After 39 revisions, Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence is finally passed by the Continental Congress.-A huge British force arrives in New York Harbor with hopes of crushing the rebellion.-The Continental Army is routed in Long Island, New York.-Washington crosses the Delaware River and captures a Hessian force at Trenton, NJ.-In December of 1776, The colonists were in desperate need o financing and arms. The congress sent Benjamin Franklin to France to urge the French to ally with America.

1777- In Separate battles, the Americans lose Fort Ticonderoga, Brandywine, Germantown, and Philadelphia to the British.-In October 1777, the Americans capture Saratoga and British fighters.1778- France signs a treaty of alliance with the United States and the American Revolution becomes a world war.1780- British attack Charleston, SC, and the city is destroyed.On October 19, 1781, the British General, Lord Cornwallis is forced to retreat to a the Virginian peninsula Yorktown. The French Navy surrounds the peninsula with ships, while the Americans soldiers chase the British by foot. Cornwallis is forced to surrender and the Americans win the Revolutionary War.

1781- A peace treaty is signed between Great Britain and the United States, and Britian surrenders the Colonies to the Americans. Causes of the American RevolutionThe Boston Massacre was an encounter on March 5, 1770, that was five years before the American Revolution between British troops and a group of citizens of Boston that were then in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. British troops were quartered in the city to discourage demonstrations. As a result of constant harassment by the citizens, a squad of British soldiers that had been struck by snow and ice balls with rocks inside thrown during a demonstration, fired into the crowd, killing five men. The eight soldiers and their commanding officer were tried for murder and were defended by John Adams, later president of the United States, and Josiah Quincy. Two of the soldiers were declared guilty of manslaughter, and the others, including the officer, were acquitted. The incident was skillfully exploited by the American patriot Samuel Adams to create anti-British sentiment in the colonies. After the incident the patriots of Massachusetts Bay were more and more agitated by the soldiers.

They weren’t going to take much more.The Boston Tea Party was an event that took place December 16, 1773, by a group of Boston citizens to protest the British tax on tea imported to the colonies. Although most provisions of the Townshend Acts were repealed by Parliament, the duty on tea was retained to demonstrate the power of Parliament to tax the colonies. The citizens of Boston would not permit the unloading of three British ships that arrived in Boston in November 1773 with 342 chests of tea. The royal governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Hutchinson, however, would not allow the tea ships to return to England until the duty had been paid.

On the evening of December 16, a group of Bostonians, instigated by the American patriot Samuel Adams and disguised as Indians, boarded the vessels and emptied the tea into Boston Harbor. When the government of Boston refused to pay for the tea, the British closed the port. The acts by the British with the tea provoked Bostonians. Because of this they were pushed too far. After what happened with the Boston Massacre, the Patriots wanted something that could push them over the edge to start the Revolution and with the taxes this moved them a few steps closer. This should have taught the British a lesson, but it didn’t.

The Stamp Act was an act introduced by the British prime minister George Grenville and passed by the British Parliament in 1765 as a means of raising revenue in the American colonies. It required all legal documents, licenses, commercial contracts, newspapers, pamphlets, and playing cards to carry a tax stamp. The act extended to the colonies the system of stamp duties then employed in Great Britain and was intended to raise money to lower the cost of maintaining the military defenses of the colonies. Passed without debate, it aroused widespread opposition among the colonists, who argued that because they were not represented in Parliament, they could not legally be taxed without their consent. The Stamp Act was the last straw. It was the one that pushed the colonies over the edge. Although The Boston Massacre, Boston Tea Party, and Stamp Act were only three events that helped cause The American Revolution, they were major.

x

Hi!
I'm Adrienne!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out