Alcohol is liquid distilled product of fermented fruits, grains and vegetablesused as solvent, antiseptic and sedative moderate potential for abuse.
Possibleeffects are intoxication, sensory alteration, and/or anxiety reduction. Symptomsof overdose staggering, odor of alcohol on breath, loss of coordination, slurredspeech, dilated pupils, fetal alcohol syndrome (in babies), and/or nerve andliver damage. Withdrawal Syndrome is first sweating, tremors, then alteredperception, followed by psychosis, fear, and finally auditory hallucinations.Indications of possible mis-use are confusion, disorientation, loss of motornerve control, convulsions, shock, shallow respiration, involuntary defecation,drowsiness, respiratory depression and possible death. Alcohol is also known as:Booze, Juice, Brew, Vino, Sauce. You probably know why alcohol is abused somereasons are relaxation, sociability, and cheap high.
But did you know thatalcohol is a depressant that decreases the responses of the central nervoussystem. Excessive drinking can cause liver damage and psychotic behavior. Aslittle as two beers or drinks can impair coordination and thinking. Alcohol isoften used by substance abusers to enhance the effects of other drugs. Alcoholcontinues to be the most frequently abused substance among young adults. HEREARE SOME STRAIGHT FACTS ABOUT ALCOHOL..
.. Alcohol abuse is a pattern of problemdrinking that results in health consequences, social, problems, or both.However, alcohol dependence, or alcoholism, refers to a disease that ischaracterized by abnormal alcohol-seeking behavior that leads to impairedcontrol over drinking. Short-term effects of alcohol use include: -Distortedvision, hearing, and coordination -Altered perceptions and emotions -Impairedjudgment -Bad breath; hangovers Long-term effects of heavy alcohol use include:-Loss of appetite -Vitamin deficiencies -Stomach ailments -Skin problems -Sexualimpotence -Liver damage -Heart and central nervous system damage -Memory lossHere are some quick clues to know if I, or someone close, has a drinkingproblem: -Inability to control drinking–it seems that regardless of what youdecide beforehand, you frequently wind up drunk -Using alcohol to escapeproblems -A change in personality–turning from Dr. Jekyl to Mr. Hyde -A hightolerance level–drinking just about everybody under the table-Blackouts–sometimes not remembering what happened while drinking -Problems atwork or in school as a result of drinking -Concern shown by family and friendsabout drinking If you have a drinking problem, or if you suspect you have adrinking problem, there are many others out there like you, and there is helpavailable.
You could talk to school counselor, a friend, or a parent. Excessivealcohol consumption causes more than 100,000 deaths annually in the UnitedStates, and although the number shows little sign of declining, the rate per100,000 population has trended down since the early 1980s. Accidents, mostly dueto drunken driving, accounted for 24 percent of these deaths in 1992.Alcohol-related homicide and suicide accounted for 11 and 8 percentrespectively. Certain types of cancer that are partly attributable to alcohol,such as those of the esophagus, larynx, and oral cavity, contributed another 17percent. About 9 percent is due to alcohol-related stroke.
One of the mostimportant contributors to alcohol-related deaths is a group of 12 ailmentswholly caused by alcohol, among which alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver andalcohol dependence syndrome are the most important. These 12 ailments togetheraccounted for 18 percent of the total alcohol-related deaths in 1992. Mortalitydue to the 12 causes rises steeply into late middle age range and then declinesmarkedly, with those 85 and over being at less than one-sixth the risk of 55 to64-year olds. The most reliable data are for the 12 conditions whollyattributable to alcohol. The map shows these data for all people 35 and over.The geographical distribution for men and women follows much the same pattern,although men are three times as likely to die of one of the 12 alcohol-inducedailments.
The geographical distribution for whites and blacks follows roughlythe same pattern but the rates for blacks are two and half times higher. In thelate nineteenth century blacks, who were then far more abstemious than whites,were strong supporters of the temperance movement, but the movement in the Southwas taken over by whites bent on disenfranchising black people by any meanspossible, such as propagating lurid tales of drink-crazed black men raping whitewomen. Consequently, blacks became less involved in the temperance movement, atrend that accelerated early in the twentieth century with the great migrationof blacks to the North, where liquor was freely available even duringProhibition.
The geographical pattern of mortality from the 12 conditions whollycaused by alcohol is partly explained by the average alcohol consumption amongthose who drink, which tends to be higher in the Southeast certain areas of theWest and than elsewhere. In New Mexico, Arizona, Alaska, and in many counties inthe Plains and Mountain states, the rates are high, in part, because of heavydrinking among Native Americans. Another possible contributor to high rates inthe West is lower family and community support than elsewhere, as suggested byhigh divorce and suicide rates, low church membership, and the large number ofmigrants from other regions.
In the South Atlantic states, black malescontribute heavily to the high mortality rates, although white rates there areabove average. One unexplained anomaly is the comparatively low rates in thearea stretching from Kentucky through Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, toLouisiana, all states with high alcohol consumption among those who drink. Therewere at least four cycles of high alcohol consumption in the last 150 years withpeaks in the 1840s, in the 1860s, the first decade of the twentieth century, andagain in the 1970-1981 period. Each of these peaks was probably accompanied byan increase in alcohol-related deaths, as suggested by the course of livercirrhosis mortality, which, since the early twentieth century, has followedmore-or-less the same trend as consumption of beverages alcohol. America is nowin a phase of declining alcohol consumption, so one would expect that the rateof alcohol-related deaths would continue to decline. Among westernizedcountries, America in the early 1990s was somewhat below average in both alcoholconsumption and liver cirrhosis mortality. If you have been arrested for DWI,you may be court ordered to go to counseling for alcohol abuse.
Does that meanthat you’re an alcoholic? Sometimes people get the idea that alcohol abuse andalcoholism are the same thing. They are not. The National Council on Alcoholismsays, “Alcohol Abuse : a problem to solve. Alcoholism: a disease toconquer.
” In case you have wondered what the difference is, here’s somehelp: Alcohol Abuse is the misuse of the substance, alcohol. You know you areabusing a substance when: -You continue to use it, even though you’re havingsocial or interpersonal problems because of your use. -You still use it eventhough it’s causing you physical problems. -Using it the way you do is causingyou legal problems. -You don’t live up to major responsibilities on the job orin your family. Alcoholism refers to being addicted, or dependent on alcohol.You may be dependent on a substance if any three of the following are true: -Youmust use larger and larger amounts of it to get high. -You have withdrawal whenyou try to stop or cut down.
-You use it much more and for longer times than youreally want to. -You can’t seem to cut back and feel a strong need or cravingfor it. -You spend a lot of your time just getting the substance. -You’d ratheruse than work or be with friends and family. -You keep using, no matter what.The National Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism estimates, based onresearch, that a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) between .
02 and .04 makesyour chances of being in a single-vehicle fatal crash 1.4 times higher than forsomeone who has not had a drink.
If your BAC is between .05 and .09, you are11.1 times more likely to be in a fatal single vehicle crash, and 48 times morelikely at a BAC between .10 and .14.
If you’ve got a BAC of .15, your risk ofbeing in a single-vehicle fatal crash is estimated to be 380 times higher than anon-drinker’s. How much do you have to drink..