Al Capone

Al Capone Organized crime was not so organized up until the 1920s. When the 1920s arrived, the American lifestyle changed dramatically. People started investing money in home appliances and automobiles, womens skirts became higher and drinking became very popular.

Also, organized crime came to a rise in the 1920s. And in the high ranks of organized crime was Al Capone.Al Capone ran many illegal businesses including bootlegging, gambling, prostitution, and murders. There were many gangs in the world of organized crime and Al Capones was at the top. Al Capone was the most infamous gangster in the 1920s. Being a big time gangster was big business.

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Money was made fast and very easily.Bootlegging alcohol was by far the most profitable in the 1920s, this was because of the prohibition. Gambling was another business that paid off. Gambling stations were set up all over cities. Prostitution and Murders were also crimes that made gangsters money. Alphonse Capone was the biggest force in organized crime.

He started his career of crime in Boston, as an apprentice to Johnny Torrio. That is where he earned the unforgettable nickname Scarface. It was in a bar when Capone made some rude comments about a woman. Minutes later, the womans brother sliced Capone in the face. D.VanGorder 2 This man was a friend of Charles Lucky Luciano. Al Capone was punished and forced to apologize. Al Capone did not become a leader until he went to Chicago.

At the time he was still an apprentice to Johnny Torrio. In the midst of the gang violence and bootlegging was Chicago.Chicago was a great place to start a ring of organized crime. The government was very weak which made it easier to do crime. Capone entered the city of Chicago in 1920. At the time, Big Jim Colosimo ran things. He made about 50,000 dollars a month. Torrio and Capone started their business with four gambling joints/whore houses in Chicago.

These underground places were known as deuces. In Chicago Capone met a man who would be his friend for life, Jack Guzik. Guzik was Jewish. His family lived off prostitution. Al Capone never worried about racial issues, his wife was even Irish.After Jack Guzick was roughed up by a Joe Howard, Capone let out his temper. It did not help when Howard called Capone some rude names.

Soon after, Capone shot him down. There was no conviction, it was clear that Capone was becoming more and more powerful. He had to have connections in the law to not be convicted.Al Capone finally got a taste of leadership after a few years of partnership with Torrio.

Torrio left Capone in control of their areas to take his sick mother back to Italy. Capone was at the top of a Chicago suburb known as Cicero. At the age of 25, Capone was one of the most powerful men in Chicago, but being such a force also made him a target for rival gangs. D.VanGorder 3 In New York, Arnold Rothstein was the man. He was a bootlegger, he also sold narcotics, and he started off many big names in crime such as Charles Lucky Luciano, Frank Costello and Dutch Shultz. Rothstein made friends with as many bootleggers and gamblers as he could.

He never wanted anything to go wrong. He was sort of paranoid but Rothstein was a very powerful man. The most incredible act ever made by a thug just may have been the fixing of the 1919 World Series between the Reds and the White Sox.

Many of the White Sox star players wanted higher wages, owners of the club refused. But Rothstien changed that. It was said that he paid off eight of the White Sox players 10,000 dollars each. The Reds would have lost but with a little help from Rothstein the White Sox did lose and Rothstein got back all of his money winning bets. Charles Lucky Luciano was another one of the most successful gangsters during the 1920s. His place of crime was New York.Luciano started under a man named Maranzano as Capone started under Johnny Torrio. Luciano was one of Maranzanos top men.

After being under him, Charles Luciano became tired of it, he wanted more power, and the only way he could do that was to kill Maranzano. He organized a meeting with several top gangsters including one of Capones representatives. They discussed the elimination of Maranzano.Lucianos plan to murder him was approved. When Lucky returned to New York he gunned down Maranzano and took over his businesses. In Chicago, Capone was stronger than ever.

He was the most feared man in Chicago, but he didnt earn it bootlegging, pimping, or gambling. Al Capone had to kill D. VanGorder 4 men that got in his way.

That is how Al Capone became the most powerful gangster ever. One of Al Capones rivals was the gardener Dion OBanion. Dion was a rival bootlegger whom behavior had to be controlled. He killed men whenever and wherever he wanted. OBanion even went as far as tricking Torrio which sent him to jail. Something he did wrong was bragging about it.Days later, OBanion was taken out by Three of Capones men in his own flower shop.

Capone and Torrio then took over the excellent bootlegging business that was Dions. After the Murder of Dion OBanion, Al Capone and Johnny torrio began to fear for their lives. OBanions gang did not give up, at one point they struck in mid daylight. Capones headquarters was the Hawthorne Hotel, the plan was precise.

There were two cars packed with thugs, the first car drove by shooting blank rounds to draw out Capones men, the next car was to spray the hotel lobby and other surrounding buildings with thousands of bullets.The plan did not work, Capone survived and so did many others, the deaths suprisingly scarce. Since 2 years after Obannons murder, 12 attempts to assassinate Capone were made. And when Torrio returned, he was almost shot to death. The man who had been giving Capone the most trouble was George bugs Moran. Moran Took over Obanions gang after the murder of Dion.Capone planned an assassination for Moran. To keep himself out of trouble, Capone laid back in Florida and left Machine gun Mcgurn in charge of the hit.

On February 14, 1929, two of Capone’s men including Mcgurn entered a garage where Moran and some of his guys were said to D. VanGorder 5 be located, The team was dressed in police uniforms and armed with machine guns and sawed off shotguns. They shot down 7 of Moran’s men but Moran was never there.The police and all the people of Chicago all knew the murders were ordered by Capone. But with no evidence, Capone could not be arrested. The St.

Valentines Day Massacres publicity was the most any gang event had ever received. Of all the murders, the cause of many may lie in the hands of the prohibition act. The act started on January 16, 1920.

It stated that liqueur that is a beverage can not be manufactured, nor sold, nor be hauled on the face of the earth, but there were many people against this, a lot of those people were gangsters and other thugs. But they didnt just talk about it, many men became bootleggers and racketeerers. The profits made by this were enormous. Bootlegging led to a tremendous rivalry between a lot of gangs. Al Capone was in constant danger because he was one of the top bootleggers. Richard peg leg Lonergan was one of Al Capones rival bootleggers.

Al Capone was invited to Frankie Yales 1925 Christmas party. Yale was tipped off that Lonergan and some of his boys were going to crash the party. The party was going to be canceled but Capone refused. The party happened and Lonergan and his boys showed up around 3:00, Capone had a surprise of his own. When Capone gave the signal peg leg didnt know what to expect.The thing is, Yales Christmas party was held in New York, and by murdering these men Capone was showing his superiority. As Alva Johnston said in the New Yorker.

Al Capone

Al Capone The roaring 20s for many people may bring to mind flappers or changing times of a positive nature. But on the flip side of the coin during that decade were a lot of activity in the crime world as well and in magnitudes no one could predict beforehand.

Breweries, smoking, swearing, cheating, gambling, frequenting places called speakeasies which sold alcohol during the Prohibition, brothels and murder were headline news for much of this time for a man by the name of Alphonse (Al) Capone. Al Capone was born the fourth child to Gabriele Capone and Teresina (called Teresa) Capone on January 17, 1899. A seemingly normal family who was striving in the New World after Gabriele and Teresa arrived in the United States in 1894 with 43,000 Italian immigrants.Als father was a barber by trade and Teresa raised her family and also took in sewing piecework for extra income. Laurence Bergreen wrote in his biography called Capone: The Man and the Era in regards to Capones upbringing that nothing about the Capone family was inherently disturbed, violent or dishonest. He further stated that the family, as a whole, were law-abiding, unremarkable Italian-American family with conventional patters of behavior and frustration; they displayed no special genius for crime, or anything else, for that matter.

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One of the main downfalls, in my opinion, was a move Gabriele Capone made for his family to a neighborhood they could afford. Their apartment was above his barbershop he had opened but the neighborhood opened his eyes to a different world other than the seemingly more strict, traditional upbringing of the solidly Italian family.The schools that he was raised in seemed to be of a lower class of people. Educational goals for Italian children were very poor; the school system didnt help with their prejudices of immigrants.

Immigrant families expected their children to quit attending school as soon as they felt they were old enough to bring in money to the home. In elementary school, Al did very well bringing home mostly As and Bs on his report cards. At the age of 12 or so his grades started deteriorating quickly and he started to learn lessons on what the criminal empire could be about and he learned these lessons off the streets of his neighborhood.Many 12 or 13 year old boys at that time were earning pocket money by running errands for others, Al fell under the wings of a pioneer in the development of the modern criminal world, his name was Johnny Torrio. In Brooklyn at that time, the immigrants mostly ran in gangs (Jewish, Italian, etc.).

John Kobler said it best in his book called The Life and World of Al Capone; he said, the street gang was escape. The street gang was freedom. The street gang offered outlets for stifled young energies.The agencies that might have kept boys off the street, the schools and churches, lacked the means to do so. Led by some older, forceful boys, they pursued the thrills of shared adventure of horseplay, exploration, gambling, pilfering, vandalism, sneaking a smoke or alcohol, secret ritual, smut sessions, fighting rival gangs. There was absolutely an interest in the world for Al but he was caught for a while in between the parents guidance and the other world. Eventually, as Al turned 18 or so, he turned for the other world. Years after running errands and gaining the trust for Torrio, who seem to be involved discreetly in the criminal world, he met a man who was nothing like that character, his name was Frankie Yale.

Capone eventually went to work as a bartender for a bar Yale opened up, he was given the position because Torrio was a friend of Yales and recommended Capone for the job. He was employed there for a few years where he learned even more lessons on how to build a criminal empire including how to bootleg or gamble for large amounts of money or how to open brothels and promote sexual promiscuity. Al was enthralled with this world and frequented the places as often as possible.I believe, although it is not proven exactly what time frame it was, that young Al contacted a sexually transmitted disease called congenital syphilis. Al wanted to move towards a different place and chose to move in location to Chicago, Illinois. Chicago, Illinois was known as a flourishing city of organized crime and Al very much was intrigued by it all, he knew he wanted a part of it. When Al came into town, he was drawn to the kingpin of a major part of the criminal world; his name was Jim (Big Jim) Colosimo. Colosimo and his wife, Victoria were highly successful in their brothel business, it was not unusual for the earnings for a single month to be well of $50,000.

00. Many high profile people were involved in their world that made it all seem to be the exact world that Al seemed to long for. Political corruption was running strong, lawyers, judges, policemen, congressmen and even a reported assistant state attorney were all involved with Colosimos world.To see these people seemingly so successful and being able to make a fantastic financial living was exactly what Al wanted.

By 1921, Colosimo turned against Victoria and married another leaving their empire behind. At that point, Frankie Yale took over and Yale actually ended up assassinating Colosimo in his nightclub. With Colosimo out of the picture, he hired on Torrio to take over many of the brothels, gambling places and speakeasies that Colosimo had started. By 1922, Capone joined Torrios partner instead of one of his employees and Capone took over the brothels, gambling places and speakeasies.

Capone was never a prejudice man, he befriended (as much as possible) people from every walk of life. Around this time he married an Irish woman named Mae who bore a son for Capone, named Sonny. At the point in time, he was fairly hidden as Torrio liked to be, his crime participation was not well known.He lived in a fairly respectable neighborhood and presented himself to the neighbors and associates as something other than what he was truly becoming, a major player in the organized crime world. Eventually, Torrio took his elderly mother back to live in Sicily and he left Capone in charge of all his dealings.

Capone made it clear to most that he wanted an all out conquest of the town. He hired his brother, Frank as the front and slowly took control of many different types of brothels and gambling places. He also took control over racetracks. For the most part, the Capone conquest was unopposed with the exception of Robert St.

John, a journalist for the Cicero Tribune in Cicero. Every issue seemed to contain information in hopes to expose the Capones criminal deeds. The editorials were effective enough to threaten Capone-backed corrupt politicians in the 1924 primary election. On election day, people working for and with Capone, kidnapped opponents election workers and even threatened vote …


Al Capone Al Capone was born on January 17,1899 in Brooklyn New York Capone grew up in a rough neighborhood by the time he was eleven he was in two gangs one was the kids gang the brooklime rippers and the forty thieves juniors. Capone quit school in sixth grade at the age fourteen. Between scams, he was a clerk at a candy store, a pin boy at the bowling alley and a cutter in a bookbindery; later on he became part of the notorious five points gang in Manhattan. Capone was once a bouncer at the Harvard Inn for Frankie Yale. Capone got the nickname scar face from an incident he had at the Inn where he insulted a female patron and was attacked by her brother. The attack left a scar on Capone’s face.

Capone met an Irish girl in 1918 named Mara (Capone nicknamed her Mae) at a dance. On December 4th Mae gave birth to their son Albert “Sonny” Francis Capone, and on December 30th they married. The first time Capone was arrested he was charged with disorderly conduct and the murder of two men, Capone was never tried for the murders. Yale sent Capone to work with his old mentor John Torris, who was working for his uncle, “Big Jim” Colisimo. Colisimo was a Chicago crime boss. When Colisimo forbade Torris from running a bootleg racket, Torris decided to eliminate his uncle.

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Torris saw Capone’s potential and soon Capone was helping Torris manage his bootlegging business. By 1922 Capone was Torris’s right hand man and became a full partner in his businesses, which included saloons, gambling houses and brothels. Torris was shot by a rival gang member and decided to leave Chicago.

Capone became a major crime boss, the men trusted Capone and he proved to be a better business man and expanded his business holdings and now controlled night clubs, horse tracks, breweries, brothels and gambling houses there were reports that said his income was $100,000,000 a year. He also got a cleaning and drying plant chain in Chicago. The mayor also known as big bill Hale Thompson Jr said that Capone was bad for his political image so he ran him out of Chicago. Capone looked for a new place to live he found out not many people liked him in the other states he finally bought a house in 93 Palm Island Florida in 1928. Attempts on Capone’s were always a waste of time he always knew when something was going to happen because in Chicago he had spy’s like policemen to paperboys. He was good at isolating the murders of his enemies when he thought they go to powerful. The method of killing Capone used was he would rent an apartment across the street and when they came outside the person would be shot and killed and the police never get Capone for the murders because he always had a alibi.

On the day of February 4, 1929 Capone’s most notorious killings took place it was called the St. Valentines Day Massacre Capone sent two of the outfits to Clark street building where the main liquor headquarters was and a bootlegger George Moran’s also known as bugs of the North Side Gang, two of the outfits were dressed as policemen they came into the building and the North Side Gang thought it was a police raid so they put there weapons down laid against a wall the rest of the outfits came in and they pulled out two shot guns and two machine guns and shot one hundred and fifty bullets at the men all the men died. Capone had killed all those men plus more and some by his own hand.

Capone was never charged most of the crimes he committed but he got arrested for killing three people in 1926, it didn’t stick because of insufficient evidence to connect him to the murders. In 1929 he was jailed for possession of a weapon. By 1930 Capone was on the twenty-eight worst criminals list in Chicago he was called public enemy number one. People said he still treated people fairly and generously but he had a violent temper he was still a loyal man and a good man to the poor. Capone the mobster opened the first soup kitchen after the stock market crashed in 1929 and he made people and businesses donate things to the poor people. In the 1920’s and 30’s illegal gambling money was not taxable until Judge Sullivan ruled that illegal profits were taxable in 1927. The IRS wanted to get Capone for income tax evasion because he had never filed an income tax return stating he had no income.

Capone used front men to appear to own the businesses to avoid paying income tax. An IRS intelligence man named Frank Wilson who focused on Capone’s case, found a cash receipt ledger that showed the operations profit on a gambling house with Capone’s name on it and a record of his income. Lawrence P. Mattingly, Capon’s tax lawyer furnished the government with a letter stating Capone had an income from the men that fronted as the business owners. Elmer Ire built a case against Capone with the information he had received from Wilson and Mattingly. In 1931 Capone was indicted for income tax evasion for not filing a return and paying income tax for the years of 1925 through 1929. The government stated Capone owed $215, 080.48 from profits he received from gambling profits on the first indictment and he pleaded guilty to conspiracy to violated prohibition laws from 1922 to 1931.

The judge, James H. Wilkerson would not let any deals be made, Capone was not able to bargain. Capone attempted to bribe the jury; the judge changed the jury right before the trial. Capone was sentenced to a total of eleven years in federal prison.

Capone was also fined $50,000 dollars for being in contempt of court and had to pay his prosecution cost of $ 7,692. In 1932 Capone was sent to Atlanta federal prison, but once inside he took control and received special treatment such as: a mirror, a typewriter, a set of encyclopedias and a rug. When officials found out that he had connections, they transferred to San Francisco Bay’s Alcatraz where there were no members of Capone’s gang. There was very tight security; Capone attempted to buy influence and friends but that failed. Capone tried to get out early for good behavior, and was a model prisoner. While incarcerated at Alcatraz, Capone discovered he suffered from syphilitic dementia. Capone spent the rest of his time in the sick ward. On January 6, 1939 Capone was released from Alcatraz and sent to Terminal Island a corrections institution for his failure to file an income tax return.

On November 16, 1939 Capone still owed $37, 617.51 for court costs. When Capone was released, he went home to 93 Palms Island, Florida. Capone relaxed and attempted to recuperate.

Capone’s body and mind had deteriorated and could not head up his gang the “Outfits”. In January 1947 Capone had an apoplectic stroke rendering him unconscious. When Capone awoke he started to show signs of improvement, but on January 24, 1947 Pneumonia set in and he died the next day. Capone was one of the first people buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery in Chicago; he was buried between his father Gabriele and his brother Frank. Later the trio’s bodies were moved to Mount Carmel Cemetery in March of 1950.


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