Adventures Of Huck Finn

The importance of nature in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn In his novel TheAdventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain uses nature not only as ally, but asa deterrent in Huck Finn’s search for independence and Jim’s search for freedom.The most prominent force of nature in the novel was the Mississippi River.

Theriver was not only their escape route, but perhaps it became their biggest enemybecause it was always unpredictable. Nature is the strongest factor in the novelbecause in a completely different geographical setting the story would have hadnot only a different outcome, but Huck and Jim might never have found friendshipand freedom. Twain changes his tone when describing the Mississippi River fromwry and sarcastic to flowing and daydreaming. This change in tone illustrateshis own appreciation for the beauty and significance that nature holds for him.Twain uses personification to show the beauty of nature in contrast to theimmaturity and obnoxious mentality of society. Huck would sometimes wake up to”see a steamboat coughing along upstream” that “now and thenwould belch a whole world of sparks up out of her chimbleys” which actslike a child without manners. (Twain, 81) In almost every chapter Twain usescolorful descriptions of nature to help the reader to imagine the setting of thescene. Twain would not have used so many examples and vivid descriptions ofnature if he didn’t want nature to be a huge part of the novel.

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In the novel,Huck’s main goal is to get away from a terrible, abusive drunk of a father.Without the access of the Mississippi, Huck might not have ever escaped hisfather, and his father could have easily killed Huck. For Jim, who’s goal wasnot only freedom, but to see his family again, the river was a free way to reachthe free states. With Huck’s fortune he could have bought a train ticket or paidanother way to get to Cairo, but it was important for him to make his journeywith Jim. In that time a black runaway slave could not have ridden on a train oreven walked on land in the light of day without being caught in a matter ofminutes. Obviously, the river was an imperative part of the story for both Jimand Huck to get away without being caught.

“To Twain, nature was almostheaven. He describes it with much more care than that which he gives to passagesabout civilization. He shows the beauty of nature by using select details withconnotations of peacefulness and serenity.”Book Reports

Adventures Of Huck Finn

Adventures of Huck Finn In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Jim and Huck use and believe in many superstitions. There are many examples from the book that show this in the characters. Most of the superstitions are very ridiculous, but some actually make a little sense. In the first example, Huck seen a spider was crawling on his shoulder and he flipped it off and it landed in a lit candle. It shriveled up and died.Huck said it would fetch him some awful bad luck. He got up and turned around three times and crossed his breast every time.

Then he tied up a little lock of his hair with a thread to keep witches away. He says that the ritual he did was for losing a found horseshoe and did not know if it would work. These superstitions and remedies seem pretty far-fetched and it is hard to say where they originated, but I would have to say they originated down South.I think it originated down south because I am from up North and I have never heard any one speak of those superstitions. Huck believes in these probably because he grew up with them and they were always taught to him and he is so ignorant he does not know better. One morning Huck turned over the saltcellar at breakfast.

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He went to throw the salt- cellar over his left shoulder to cancel the bad luck, but Miss Watson stopped him. All day he wondered when something would fall on him and what it would be.This all implies that Huck thinks something is going to fall on him, because of his accident. I have heard about bad luck from spilling salt so I think this Superstition started in the North or maybe it was just popular and spread quickly. I do not believe there is hardly any fact at all to this. Huck believes in this probably because of the way he grew up. Jim said when young chickens flew a yard or two at a time and lighting it was a sign that it was going to rain.He thought if birds did it, it would be the same.

Also Jim said if you caught one of them you would die. He thought this because his dad caught one and got sick and his grandmother said he was going to die. His father did die.

These superstitions do have a little credibility.I think they originated because some birds do fly in patterns when it is going to rain or storm. The part about his father dying might have a little credibility, but it is kind of stretching it. Maybe his dad caught the bird and ate it without cooking it all the way, or maybe the bird was infected and killed Jim’s dad. Jim probably believed in the bird story about his dad’s death because he experienced it first hand. Jim also said you should not count the things you are going to cook for dinner, because that would bring bad luck. The same if you shook the table the table-cloth after sundown.He said if a man who owned a beehive died, the bees must be told before sun-up of the next morning or the bees will die.

These superstitions are all nonsense and having nothing to do with anything. I think Jim believes this because he does not know any better. He experienced some Superstitions first hand and that is probably why he believes in them. The previous superstitions probably originated out of stories told wrong, exaggerated, or people kept jazzing up stories to make them interesting, until they turned into nothing, but nonsense. Jim says if you have hairy arms and a hairy chest then you are going to be rich.

This originated probably from a few rich men who were hairy. They probably told people they were rich because of their hair and since they had the money to endorse their ideas people believed them. Money can buy many things, it can also make normal people understand and believe things they usually would not of. Jim probably believed this because maybe his former master or masters were rich and were hairy. He was also hairy and had money at one time.At the end of the book he became free and Tom gave him $40, which supported Jim’s theory.

Huck grabbed a rattlesnake skin, which was the worst luck Jim and Huck ever encountered. This superstition has good size of fact to it to. It probably originated because people like Huck picked up their skins and kept them in their bags or played tricks on the friends, like Jim.

The mates probably came and defended their mate, by attacking the victim who had the rattle-sake skin.The superstition probably got stretched a little out of proportion, but I think a good deal of it is real. Huck and Jim probably believe in the bad luck caused from touching the snakes skin because they experienced it too.

When Huck played that trick on Jim, I am sure Huck became a believer of the bad luck. Jim also said he would rather look at a new moon over his left shoulder a thousand times instead of touching a snake skin again. This superstition might have originated from people looking over their shoulder and then they probably stumbled and fell or ran into something.Huck and Jim probably believe in this because it makes a good deal of sense to.

Adventures Of Huck Finn

Adventures Of Huck Finn The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was written by Mark Twain. Mark Twain, born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in 1835, led one of the most exciting and adventuresome of literary lives. Raised in the river town of Hannibal, Missouri, Twain had to leave school at age twelve to seek work. He was successively a journeyman printer, a steamboat pilot, a halfhearted Confederate soldier (no more than a few weeks), and a prospector, miner and reporter in the western territories. His experiences furnished him with a wide knowledge of humanity, as well as with the perfect grasp of local customs and speech, which exhibits itself so well in his writing.With the publication in 1865 of The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, Twain gained national attention as a frontier humorist, and the best-selling Innocents Abroad solidified his fame. But it was not until Life on the Mississippi (1883), and finally, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), that the literary establishment recognized him as one of the greatest writers America would ever produce.

Toward the end of his life, plagued by personal tragedy and financial failure, Mark Twain grew more and more pessimistic-an outlook not alleviated by his natural skepticism and sarcasm. From this last period, only the stories The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg and The Mysterious Stranger match his earlier work in brilliance. Though his fame continued to widen-Yale and Oxford awarded him honorary degrees-Twain spent his last years in gloom and exasperation, writing fables about “the damned human race.

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” Characters Tom Sawyer- Tom is a friend of Huckleberry Finn. Tom has an extraordinary imagination. Huckleberry Finn- Huck is the main character of the story. His mother is dead and father is a drunk and abuses him.Jim- Jim is the slave of Miss Watson. He is very superstitious and believes in witches.

The King- The King is a bum that, after hearing the other bum say that he was a duke, said that he was the King. Huck and Jim just go along with it so it would not start trouble. The Duke- The Duke is a bum.He pretends that he is the rightful Duke of Bilgewater. Summary Huckleberry Finn is a child around the age of 14. He lives along the Mississippi River with Miss Watson.

She is his guardian, because his mother is dead and his father is a drunk. His father abuses him.When Hucks father comes to town and hears that his son is going to inherit six thousand dollars, he wants custody of Huck. Every once in a while he will get drunk and argue with the judge. Finally, Hucks father takes Huck back. He runs away and makes it look like he was killed while his father was out. He took a boat and went floating down the Mississippi.

He stops a Jacksons Island thinking that he was going to live there.He finds Miss Watsons slave, Jim on the island. She was going to sell Jim so he ran away. Jim was scared to death, because he thought that Huck was a ghost. Everyone thought that he was dead.

Huck went ashore, disguised, to find out if anyone was looking for them.He found out that they were going to go to the island to look for Jim. They immediately left the island. They had many adventures while floating down the river towards Jims freedom. They met two bandits who claimed that they were a Duke and a King. These bandits scammed every town they came across for money.At one point they get discovered for being frauds claiming that they were the brothers of a dead man and came to get there share in his will. Huck escapes and later runs into the Duke and the King again.

They use a paper they made at one of there stops to suggest that Jim was a runaway. They sold him for 40 dollars. Huck is determined to set Jim free again. He goes to the farm where Jim is held captive and is mistaken for Tom Sawyer but goes along with it to find out about Jim.Later on Tom comes to the house and covers for Huck by saying that he was Sid Sawyer and they wanted to surprise them. As time passes, Tom and Huck make plan to set Jim free. Huck figures out a simple plan to help their friend.

But Tom, with his extraordinary imagination, wasnt satisfied one bit. His devised a plan that was more dangerous and consisted of many unnecessary elements.Huck went along with it anyway to make Tom happy. The night that they act on the plan, Tom was shot in the leg and they were all chased by men with guns in the dark.

They headed for the boat. They all got on and decided that they better get some help for Tom. Huck stopped at the shore a little ways down the river and found a doctor.

Huck fell asleep and it was morning when he woke up. He shoved off shore on the raft and ran into his”uncle”. His “uncle” brought him back home and asked where “Sid”(Tom) was and Huck told him that he was in town. He told him that they heard the gunshots the night before and went after them. Tom didnt return that day and his aunt sat up all night waiting for him.

In the morning, the doctor comes along with Tom and Jim. Jim was tied up. The doctor said that this was a runaway and that he helped him take care of Tom so they wouldnt punish him so harshly. As the time went by, Tom got better and told his aunt the whole story about their plan to free Jim, thinking that they had freed him. He didnt know that Jim was recaptured. Everybody talked about it and Tom said that he was legally free, because in Miss Watsons will, she set Jim free and she had died two months before.

So it turned out that they were risking their lives to free a free man. Jim got 40 dollars for helping the doctor take care of Tom and he was a free man. Toms aunt and uncle adopted Huck to “civilize” him. Jim tells Huck that his father is dead. Therefore, Huck can go back home and claim the six thousand with no problem. Analysis This book was written in a time of racial discrimination and slavery.Because of that fact, I think that the author, Mark Twain, was against racial injustice. I can imagine that the material was very risky to right.

It was a very controversial subject. I dont know if Mark Twain was an abolitionist, but the ideas in the book might suggest it. He could have just been writing an “adventure” which is also suggested by the title of the book.

This message of anti-slavery is very important, because there should not have been any slavery or racial discrimination. It shows the stupidity of the human race and what we should be ashamed of. What we should be ashamed of in the past and the present. There is still racial injustice in our modern society today. So, what does that tell you about our race and our society? Now we have problems of sexual discrimination.My Opinion I think that this book was written very well.

The message was demonstrated throughout the entire story by Hucks loyalty to Jim, and Jims loyalty to Huck. I think that this story about a young boy, his journey, and his adventures along the way was one of the first great novels to speak in a truly American voice. The way that he wrote in slang dialects is incredible. This is a great book and I think that it should be a reference for many writers of all kinds.He told a believable story with a twist.

This book will be remembered for a long time and be read by generations and generations and will always be considered a wonderful story and also a piece of history.

Adventures Of Huck Finn

Have you ever heard of the great Mark Twain? Many people have and recognize hisnovels by name; especially his most famous book called Huckleberry Finn.

Thegreat thing about Huck is that it was meant to be a simple book, but ended updeemed a classic. The reason for this is that it contains many great americanthemes and motifs. Many American novels, books and movies also contain thesethemes and motifs, making it very easy to compare Huckleberry Finn toPleasantville. Although very different “stories”, in comparison Huck andPleasantville have the same motifs. Both the movie and the book have the motifsof going west, rebel vs. the establishment and Jim Crow/Shaman.

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This essay willcompare these common American motifs. The “go west” motif is about thecharacters running away or escaping from where they previously were (thisdoesnt necessarily have to include a trip west). In Huck Finn the river isthe tool used to help Huck and Jim escape from their life. The river helps totake Huck and Jim away from civilization and reunite them with nature. The riveralso helps to free them from “slavery”, Huck being a “slave” to theWidow Douglas and Jim actually being Miss Watsons slave. In Pleasantville alife in colour is how the townspeople are allowed to “go west”. When theyare in black and white they have the perfect life, meaning that nothing can evergo wrong, therefore they can never learn from their mistakes. When Davidintroduces the thought of thinking for themselves to the teenagers ofPleasantville they begin to notice that there are other places in the world,this begins to change things from black and white to colour.

Both storiescontain the motif of going west. Another motif in these two works is the Rebelvs. the Establishment motif. In Huck the rebel would be Huck and one of theestablishments would be the “civilized” people in the book. Huck refuses tobelieve that people can be so shallow and religious, and also believes that thiscomes from being “civilized”. The other establishment would the WidowDouglas/Miss.

Watson/Aunt Polly figure in Huck’s life. It seems he is alwaysrebelling on one of these people who are trying to civilize him. InPleasantville David is the rebel and one of the establishments is the adultpopulation of Pleasantville.

David is against the adults because he cannot getmost of them to believe his way of thinking. The other establishment is the”black and white” thinking of the townspeople. David convinces most of theteen-agers to think differently than they were taught and this turns the towninto colour. Both of these stories have the rebel vs. the establishment motif.The last motif in these two works is the Jim Crow/Shaman motif, where onecharacter acts stupid or strange in “society” and then becomes veryintuitive in “nature”.

In Huck, Jim is the Crow/Shaman, changing with hissurroundings. When in society Jim acts like the Crow, and it seems natural. WhenJim and Huck go down the river Jim turns into the Shaman, and becomes somewhatsmarter and intuitive. In Pleasantville Jennifer is the Crow/Shaman, and changeswith the setting.

When the movie first starts she is the Shaman; at home shefits in and knows exactly what to do. When she arrives in Pleasantville shebecomes the Crow and acts very strange compared to everyone else. Both storiescontain characters that are both Crow and Shaman. In conclusion both Huck Finnand Pleasantville contain many similar motifs, three of them being the go west,rebel vs. establishment and Jim Crow/Shaman motifs. Thus proves that even if thestories are very different they all contain similar motifs.

The reason for thisis that people who write stories dont realize they are putting motifs intotheir work, it comes naturally from being American.

Adventures Of Huck Finn

Why does Huckleberry Finn reject civilization? In Mark Twains novel TheAdventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain describes Huck Finn as a normal downto earth kid from the 1800s.

Huck Finn rejects civilization because he has noreason for it. What has civilization done for him? Nothing! It has only hurt himone way or another, time and time again. Why should Huck Finn like civilization?Civilization is on land. All that the land and civilization has brought him wasbad things. For example his father, Pap, beat him with a hickory stick when hewas drunk: But by and by pap got too handy with his hickry, and Icouldnt stand it. I was welts all over(page # 189). Another thing Pap didto Huck was he locked him in the cabin, sometimes days at a time.

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He got togoing away so much, too, and locking me in. Once he locked me in and was gonethree days.(page # 193). No wonder Huck hated the land and civilization! Manyof Hucks bad experiences are on land and involve civilization.

Jim being soldand that whole incident was almost really bad. Huck almost lost his best friendthroughout the trip. I was a thinking and Jim was real good to me.(MarkTwain Adventures of Huckleberry Finn). Huck called up Tom and they had a schemeto get Jim back. It worked but just barely. Because of this reason, Huck isrejecting civilization. Most of these things would make any of us rejectcivilization, too.

Huck had all the reason in the world to reject civilization.He proved that he didnt need it. He was probably better without it. He wasbetter without it. He was happy in the raft. He doesnt really need money foranything so he could just be a drifter. Book Reports

Adventures Of Huck Finn

.. is casual dialogue ironically, as a was to underscore the chilling truth about the old south, that it was a society where perfectly “nice” people didn’t consider the death of a black person worth their notice. Because of his upbringing, the boy starts out that slavery is part of the natural order; but as the story unfolds he wrestles with his conscience, and when the crucial moment comes he decides he will be damned to the flames of hell rather than betray his black friend. And Jim, as Twain presents him, is hardly a caricature.

Rather, he is the moral center of the book, a man of courage and nobility, who risks his freedom risks his life — for the sake of his friend Huck. (Swalden 2) Booker T. Washington noted how Twain “succeeded in making his readers feel a genuine respect for ‘Jim,” and pointed out that Twain, in creating Jim’s character, had “exhibited his sympathy and interest in the masses of the Negro people.” The great black novelist Ralph Ellison noted how Twain allows Jim’s “dignity and human capacity” to emerge in the novel.He stated: Huckleberry Finn knew, as did Mark Twain, that Jim was not only a slave but a human being, a symbol of humanity . .

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. and in freeing Jim, Huck makes a bid to free himself of the conventionalized evil taken for civilization by the town. And on those occasions when Twain does compare blacks and whites, the comparison is not flattering to the whites.

Things like “One of my theories is that the hearts of men are about alike, all over the world, whatever their skin-complexions may be “. Another time he stated “Nearly all black and brown skins are beautiful, but a beautiful white skin is rare” . He also said “There are many humorous things in the world; among them is the white man’s notion that he is less savage than all the other savages”. These statements were noted in an essay by Peter Swalden who in summation states “Mark Twain a “racist”! Isn’t it about time we put this ridiculous notion to rest” (1).

Because he is a black man fleeing slavery, Jim faces many struggles. He is constantly reminded of the dangers of running and is threatened by his capture.He is also forced to accept the fact that his race makes him inferior to a white, and even a friend like Huck is still of higher status. Huck and Jim overcome the race barrier, only after Huck overcomes the inner struggle of whether to save Jim or not. Huck’s idea of racism is based on his upbringing, but he himself questions the validity of these statements of black inferiority (Ritter 1). Throughout the novel societies voice is heard through Huck.

The racist and hateful contempt which existed at the time is present, but it is essential for the reader to see how Twain opposes these ideas throughout the novel.Twains brings out the ugliness of society and causes the reader to challenge the original description of Jim. In a subtle matter, he creates a challenge to slavery (Wallace 12).

After a careful examination of the book, one can realize that Twain is attempting to show us the vast problems that society has. One of those problems is slavery, so he gives the reader an idea of the runaway slaves position. Regardless of whether his interpretation of the slaves position is correct or not, it is not an attempt to degrade blacks, but rather an effort to show the reader that in Twains opinion, slavery is wrong.Twains novel was not intended to be a book about slavery, it was intended to be a book which showed how wrong society was.

Twain not only shows the reader that there are things which need to be changed, but also points out quite a few things which need modification. Mark Twain put a plea for humanity, for the end of castes, and of its cruelties in all of his stories (Allen 260). Mark Twain’s main purposes in producing this work seems clear, he wishes to bring to attention some of man’s often hidden shortcomings. At the time the story was written, nobody considered race to be a major factor in the novel and Twain himself was more than likely one of the least-racist United States citizens alive during his time.Many critics have also realized that this novel is not racist in nature.

One of the most prominent critics said, “Its satirical mode forces us to recognize the inconsistencies in our moral consciousness” (Nichols 210). Nichols argument is one of the strongest in favor of Huckleberry Finn. This argument illustrates his point that the main theme of this novel is to show its reader that times have been much worse and that we did not always enjoy the freedoms we take for granted today. This is very true. For example, Pap, Hucks father, is a blatant racist and displays it often.

A main example is when he rants and raves because they allowed a black man to vote.He bellows, “But when they told me that there was a state in this country where theyd let that nigger vote, I drawed out”. (Twain 69). By reading this passage, the reader can get a sense of what is was like back in the early nineteenth century before blacks were freed showing the differences between our times and times one hundred years ago.

From this statement, the reader can learn and be thankful that man has stopped such practices and evolved to a more tolerant society. Another example that supports Nicholls statement is shown when Sherburn killed Boggs in cold blood.A local lynch mob comes to hang Sherburn and a near-riot situation happens. An event like this shows the reader how man has changed and bettered himself from his ancestors. Today, we give accused killers rights, “due process of law”, and proceed in a more civilized manner (Marx 22).

These differences between now and over one hundred years ago show the reader how the human race has advanced. If this novel can teach its reader about the evils of the past, then, perhaps, such evils will not happen again (Smiley 1).In conclusion, educated readers and critics alike have realized that Mark Twain meant no disrespect to black people in his novel Huckleberry Finn. It can even be said that this book was anti slavery and did more disrespect to whites than blacks. Bibliography Allen, Micheal. Classic Literary Criticisms. New York: Oxford University Press.1981 Baldanza, Frank.

Mark Twain. New York: Barnes and Noble, Inc., 1961.

Conn, Peter. Literature in America. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Fishkin, Shelley F.

, Was Huck Black? (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), p.3.Marx, Leo, “Huck at 100,” The Nation, Aug. 31, 1985.

Nichols, Timothy. Classic Criticism. New York: Cambridge University Press.1976 Ritter, Frank. “Polically Correct”. Op ed page, Tennessean Times.

September 18th 1996. Shepherd, Stephen (Oak Leaf Staff Writer) “Was Mark Twain Racist?”.New York: Oxford university Press. 1983 Smiley, Jane, “Say It Ain’t So, Huck,” Harper’s, January 1996. Twain, Mark. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn The Norton Anthology of American Literature . 2 vols. Ed.

Nina Baym, et al.4th. ed. New York: Norton, 1994. 29-214.

Wallace John H, The Case Against Huck Finn.


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