Abe Lincoln

.. him from the chores Lincoln attended ABC school.10 This is where Lincoln learned to become a hard worker. Lincolns working days started in 1831. Abe and his brother were hired to build a boat and float it down the Mississippi with a load of cargo on it. The boat was headed towards New Orleans and this is where Lincoln saw his first, but not last, slave auction.

Lincoln is quoted in saying, if I ever got a chance to hit that thing, I would hit it hard. 11 Lincoln was not in favor of slavery but he was certainly to abolitionist. Lincolns career in politics began in the spring of 1832, when Lincoln was 23, he ran for a seat on the Illinois House of Representatives. In his campaign, Lincoln called for construction of canals and roads, better schools, and a low interest rate to stimulate local economic growth.12 Unfortunately Lincoln lost in this election. Following the election Lincoln took a job as the postmaster where he became well known and well liked. Despite losing the election Lincoln learned how to overcome failure and adversity.

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After the election, while working as the postmaster, Lincoln had lots of time to read, and keep up with politics. Also, while working there, he became well known around the community which would later help him get elected. To make extra money, Lincoln, like fellow American president George Washington, had become surveyor.13 Lincoln was surveyor of Sangamon County. In 1834 Lincoln made a second attempt to maintain a seat in the Illinois State legislature. This time Abe Lincoln was successful in gaining a seat. This shows Lincolns hard work, and determination.

Lincoln was elected in 1834, 1836, 1838, and in 1840. Lincoln was successful in achieving his goal of relocating the state capital from Vandalia to Springfield. In 1836, Lincoln became floor leader, and was encouraged to practice law by Congressman John T. Stuart.14 Lincoln became a licensed attorney in 1836. After serving four terms in the Illinois House of Representatives Abe Lincoln begun to practice law. Lincoln was loosing interest in politics until Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, an act that allowed Kansas and Nebraska to enter the union.

What intrigued Lincoln was the fact that these two new states would each decide weather or not to become a free state or a slave state. This shows how Lincoln is willing to fight for a cause that he believes in. In 1856 Lincoln declared himself a Republican and in 1858 he ran against Senator Stephen Douglas for a seat in the U.S. senate. Both Abe Lincoln and Stephen Douglas were good public speakers.15 Abe Lincoln lost by a narrow margin but it left the door open for him to be nominated for president by the Republican Party. Abe Lincoln defeated William Seward and on March 4, 1861 was sworn in as the 16th president of the United States.

It is said that Abe Lincoln looked up to President George Washington and made the ideals of Washington his own.16 In Lincolns inaugural address he said that he would not stop slavery. This is believed to be Lincolns weak spot. He should have abolished slavery rate away. However, he would not allow any states to secede from the Union, which was beginning to happen. Despite Lincolns light-footed approach to slavery the south started attacking Fort Sumter and the Civil War began. Lincoln had to find the measure to win the war while upholding his oath too preserve, protect and defend17 the U.S. constitution. In the winter of 1861, war with Britain almost seemed certain until the intervention of Lincoln.

The Trent affair happened when the confederacy sent two men to Britain to help gain support for the Southern cause. After pushing threw a northern blockade Americans boarded a Britain boat, called the Trent, and took two prisoners. This was a violation of International law. Britain was furious with the states and was willing to go to war over this matter. Lincoln was able too prevent war by apologizing to the British.18 This shows Lincolns communication skills, and how he is able to solve problems.

If Britain had of declared war, it would have been fatal for the Union. In Lincolns second year in office he came up with the Emancipation Proclamation. This bill came into affect on Jan 1, 1863. The bill stated that slaves within any state, or designated part of a statethen in rebellion, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free. 19 The Emancipation Proclamation was brilliant.

It increased support for the unions and it calmed the radical abolitionists. With the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln is able to end slavery and do what is needed to win the war, which is what is best for the country. This also shows his selflessness. In 1862, the confederacy issued a draft and in 1863, the north retaliated when the passed a conscription act of their own. This bill made men between the ages of 20 and 45 liable for military service. This bill was violently opposed by workingmen and immigrants. They called it the rich mans law.

However, Lincoln did what he thought was best for the country and left the draft alone. Lincoln said this bill was needed to keep up with the confederacy and win the war. Before the war was over, Abe Lincoln gave a lot of thought to reconstructing the country after the war was over. Whenever the union conquered an area they encouraged them to start a government loyal to the union. On December 8, 1863 Lincoln offered his Amnesty Proclamation.

This would pardon and southerner a full pardon with exception to certain leaders. Furthermore, anyone who took an oath in his state could vote in the next election.20 The Amnesty Proclamation was essentially forgiveness and showed everybody that Lincoln was a forgiving man. In 1864, Lincoln was elected to a second term as president. On April 9, 1865 the confederacy surrendered to U.S. Grant, At Appomatax courthouse, a small village in Virginia. Shortly after the end of the Civil War, April 14 1865, Lincoln was shot and killed by John Wilkes Booth.

This ultimately brought his reign of presidency to an end. Although not mentioned above Lincoln faced many set backs when in the White House. His son Willie died and left his wife mentally ill.21 Despite this Lincoln was still able to focus on his main duties. This is why is one of the greatest Presidents of all time. In Conclusion, it is difficult to make a clear decision on who was the best president.

Although by reading the above you will clearly see that both presidents did many great things for their country. Despite the fact that each president faced different situations, it is clear that President George Washington was the greatest president of all time. History Reports.