minalsA Review of Antisocial Personality Disorder in CriminalsThe Antisocial Personality is (APD) is a serious disorder that affects many malesand cause a great threat to families, friends, and even complete strangers. Mostpersonality disorders may cause an inconvenience to a persons family and friends, butusually harm themselves more than others. Antisocial Personality Disorder contrastsfrom other personality disorders because the defining trait is a predatory attitude towardother people (Smith, 1999).
They have a chronic indifference to and violation of therights of ones fellow human beings. (Alterman; Cacciola; McDermott; Mulholland;Newman; & Rutherford, 2000). A common tendency of those with APD is criminalactions. These actions can range from stealing of everyday items to rate to murder. It isobvious that APD is a serious disorder with serious consequences. Criminologists needto have an understanding of APD as evidenced in the male offender.
Antisocial Personality Disorder affects less than one percent of females and aboutthree percent of males and usually occurs before age 15 (Smith, 1999). Most of thesemen are involved in some sort of criminal behavior. One heartwrenching characteristicof men with this disorder is that they show no remorse for their victims or anyoneinvolved.
Interpersonally, those with APD are gradoise, arrogant, callous, superficial,and manipulative (Alterman et al. 2000). Affectively, those with APD areshort-tempered, unable to form strong emotional bonds with others, lacking empathy,guilt, or remorse (Smith 1999). Behaviorally, those with APD are irresponsive,impulsive, and prone to violate social and legal norms and expectations (Smith 1999). DSM III gives a list of criteria for the diagnosis of APD. These five points are as follows: 1. A history of illegal or socially disapproved activity beginning before age 152.
Failure to show constancy and responsibility in work, sexual relationships,parenthood, or financial obligations.3. Irritability and aggressiveness4.
Reckless and impulsive behavior5. Disregard for the truth (Smith, 1999)Males with this disorder are also known to lack certain responsibilities and obligationswhich lead them to do things such as walk out on jobs, wives, children, and creditors (Fukuhara; Kato; & Yoshino, 2000). The sad truth about this disorder is that by pubertythese men have already begun a career of antisocial behavior in the form of truancy,delinquency, theft, vandalism, lying, drug abuse, casual sex, running away from home,chronic misbehavior in school. As adults they lead to prostitution, pimping, drug selling,or other crimes.
(Alterman et al. 2000). Although many men may show traits of APD,they have to show specific characteristics in order to be diagnosed with the disorder. These specific characteristics include, a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violationof the rights of others occurring since age 15, must be at least 18 years old, and evidenceof conduct disorder with onset before age15.
(Smith, 1999). Criminologists must besure to look at these traits when dealing with men with antisocial personality, and mostcertainly before letting them back out in the world because of their tendency to have noregret and inability to learn from past experiences.One form of Antisocial Personality Disorder is the common sociopath. Thesociopathic personality is the unsocialized personality.
It affects mostly young men, butsome young women. These people are never adequately socialized during childhood andadolescence (Damasio, 2000). People with this form of disorder have reasonably normaltemperaments but are known to be aggressive or fearless. They also posses impulsepeculiarities or habit patterns that are traceable to deviant learning. (Damasio, 2000).
They are stimulus seekers and pose the greatest problem for parents as children(Damasio, 2000). This disorder is enhanced somewhat from incompetent or indifferentparents. Some other common characteristics of the common sociopath, being the largestgenus of antisocial personalities, are a weak and unelaborated conscience, a lack ofshame for normal things, a weak future perspective, a disinterest in long term goals, anda pride in rule breaking (Smith, 1999).
Along with the category of sociopaths, there are several forms of sociopaths. These forms consist of the Alienated Sociopath, the Aggressive Sociopath, and theDyssocial Sociopath. The Alienated Sociopath has an undeveloped ability to love or toaffiliate with others (Damasio, 2000). The Aggressive Sociopath is usually a muscularand aggressive male who enjoys hurting, frightening, and tyrannizing others.
This type ofsociopath get a feeling of power and importance. Many men with this type ofSociopathic Personality tend to be the rapists and muggers in the world. They showstrong